Peter Cornelius

Peter Cornelius
Peter Cornelius

Carl August Peter Cornelius (24 December 1824 – 26 October 1874) was a German composer, writer about music, poet and translator. He was born and died in Mainz where his grave in the Hauptfriedhof survives.

Cornelius played violin and composed lieder from an early age, studying with Tekla Griebel-Wandall and composition with Heinrich Esser in 1841. Cornelius lived with his painter uncle Peter von Cornelius in Berlin from 1844 to 1852, during which time he met prominent figures such as Alexander von Humboldt, the Brothers Grimm, Friedrich Rückert and Felix Mendelssohn. During his last few years in Berlin, Cornelius wrote music criticism for several major Berlin journals and entered into friendships with Joseph von Eichendorff, Paul Heyse and Hans von Bülow.

Cornelius's first mature works (including the opera Der Barbier von Bagdad) were composed during his brief stay in Weimar (1852–1858). His next place of residence was Vienna, where he stayed for five years. It was in Vienna that Cornelius began a friendship with Richard Wagner. It was at Wagner's behest that Cornelius moved to Munich in 1864, where he finally took a wife and fathered four children.

Among many British musicians, his best known work is The Three Kings, an Epiphany anthem of which a version is included in the first volume of the popular Willcocks and Jacques compilation Carols for Choirs.

Despite his friendships with Wagner and Franz Liszt, Cornelius had a rocky relationship with the so-called "New German School" of composition. He did not attend the premiere of Tristan und Isolde with von Bülow and Wagner, using the premiere of his own opera Der Cid as an excuse. His third and final operatic project, Gunlöd, based on the Norse eddas, was left incomplete at his death (from diabetes).

Selected works

  • Der Barbier von Bagdad, Opera buffa (1858)
  • Brautlieder (1856)
  • Weihnachtslieder op.8 (1856)
  • Der Cid, opera (1865)
  • Stabat mater for soloists, chorus and orchestra (1849)
  • Requiem Seele vergiss sie nicht, after a poem of Hebbel (1872)
  • String quartets
  • Gunlöd, unfinished opera in three acts (1869–1874) after the Edda (1906)
  • Mass in D Minor, CWV 91 for two soloists, chorus and organ, strings

External links

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  • Peter Cornelius —     Peter Cornelius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Peter Cornelius     Later when ennobled, VON CORNELIUS     Born at Düsseldorf, 23 September, 1783; died at Berlin, 6 March, 1867. In 1811 he went to Rome, where he stayed until 1819. Returning… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Peter Cornelius — ist der Name folgender Personen: Peter von Cornelius (1783–1867), deutscher Maler Peter Cornelius (Komponist) (1824–1874), deutscher Komponist Peter Cornelius (Fotograf) (1913–1970), deutscher Fotograf und Fotojournalist Peter Cornelius (Sänger)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Cornelius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Peter Cornelius (homonymie). Peter Cornelius Naissance 24 décembre 1824 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Cornelius — n. Carl August Peter Cornelius (1824 1874), German composer and poet …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Peter Cornelius (Komponist) — Peter Cornelius Peter Carl August Cornelius (* 24. Dezember 1824 in Mainz; † 26. Oktober 1874 ebenda) war ein deutscher Komponist und Dichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Peter Cornelius (disambiguation) — Peter Cornelius may refer to:* Peter von Cornelius (1784–1867), German painter * Peter Cornelius (1824–1874), German composer * Peter Cornelius (photographer) (1913–1970), German photographer and photojournalist * Peter Cornelius (musician)… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Cornelius (photographer) — Peter Cornelius (1913 ndash;1970) was a German photographer and photojournalist. After World War II, he began his career with reportage, landscape and sailing photography in his hometown Kiel. From the mid fifties, he specialized in color… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Cornelius (Fotograf) — Peter Cornelius (* 6. Juni 1913 in Kiel; † 5. September 1970 ebenda) war ein deutscher Photograph und Photojournalist. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg begann er seine Karriere in seiner Heimatstadt Kiel durch Reportagen, Landschafts und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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