Trail orienteering

Trail orienteering


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caption = Trail orienteering logo
union = International Orienteering Federation
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contact = Non-contact
team = Individual
mgender = Separate categories
category = Outdoor
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Trail orienteering (trail-O, also precision orienteering) is an orienteering sport that involves precise reading of an orienteering map and the corresponding terrain. Trail orienteers must identify, in the terrain and in the presence of decoys, control points shown on the map. Trail-O involves navigation skills but unlike most other forms of orienteering, it involves no point to point racing and little or no route choice. It is conducted usually on trails and because the objective is accuracy, not speed, the sport is accessible to physically disabled competitors on equal terms as able-bodied.

Trail-O is one of four orienteering sports sanctioned by the International Orienteering Federation (IOF). European Championships in trail orienteering have been organised every year since 1994. The first ever World Cup in trail orienteering was held in 1999, and the inaugural World Trail Orienteering Championships were organised in 2004. The World Championships is organised every year.

Trail-O has been developed to offer everyone, including people with limited mobility, a chance to participate in a meaningful orienteering competition. Because control points are identified from a distance, and competitors are not allowed to leave the designated course, participants with and without physical disabilities compete on level terms. [ Trail Orienteering / Disciplines / Top - International Orienteering Federation ] ]

Mobility aids

Apart from a combustion-engine vehicle, any recognised mobility aids are permitted. Requested physical assistance is also permitted.


The orienteering map is usually at 1:5000 or 1:4000 scale. [cite web |url=|title= TRAIL ORIENTEERING|accessdate=2008-05-26 |publisher= Don Braggins|date=2007-09-10]

Control card

The competitor uses a multiple-choice control card and interprets the map to choose which one of the control markers in the terrain represents the one marked at the map. In Elite Trail Orienteering, also none of the markers could be correct, leading to the answer "Zero". A less common form involves determining the position on a map of a control viewed from a set point 30 – 40 metres away.


External Links

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