Patrick Leslie

Patrick Leslie

Infobox Person
name = Patrick Leslie

image_size =
caption =
birth_date = September 25, 1815
birth_place = Warthill, Scotland
death_date = August 12, 1881
death_place = Sydney, Australia
occupation = Pioneer, Grazier, Politician
spouse = Catherine Macarthur

Patrick Leslie (September 25, 1815 – August 12, 1881) was a Scottish Settler in Australia. Leslie and his two brothers (Walter and George) were the first to settle on the Darling Downs, and he was the first person to buy land in Warwick.


Partick Leslie was born in Warthill, also known as Meikle Wartle [Meikle Wartle is located at (coord|57.36|N|02.46|W|region:GB] in Aberdeenshire on September 25, 1815. He was the second son of William and Jane Leslie. His father was the 8th Laird of Folla and 9th Laird of Warthill, JP, DL, 27th in line of descent from the 1st Baron of Balquhain. Cite web|url=|title=William Leslie 1770|accessdate=2006-08-20|author=George H. Graham] .

The Leslies were members of the Church of ScotlandCite web|url=|title=Patrick Leslie (1815 - 1881) |accessdate=2006-08-20|publisher=Melbourne University Press|year=1967|author= K. G. T. Waller |work=Australian Dictionary of Biography] .

In December 1834, Leslie left London as a passenger aboard the convict transport "Emma Eugenia", arriving in Sydney in May 1835. By 1836 he was managing Collaroi, a property owned by his uncle, Walter Stevenson Davidson, in the Cassilis district of New South Wales. Later on he rented Dunheved farm at Penrith.

Leslie was a poor manager however, and his activities drew criticism from his uncle, who was forced to sell the property to his relations, E. W. T. Hamilton and George Clive, by 1840. Leslie was left deeply in debt to Davidson as a result of this episodeCite web|url=|title=Davidson, Walter Stevenson (1785 - 1869) |accessdate=2006-08-22|publisher=Melbourne University Press|year=1966|work=Australian Dictionary of Biography] .

When his brothers Walter and George arrived in the colony, Patrick decided to look for new land to the north.

Activity on the Darling Downs

In 1840 Patrick Leslie started with stock from a New England station, then the most northerly settled district in New South Wales, and formed Toolburra and Canning Downs (at coord|28.226419|S|152.065747|E|region:AU|), the first stations on the Condamine River, before the river had been identified as a tributary of the Darling River.

Leslie met explorer Allan Cunningham at the home of Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur in ParramattaCite web|url=|title=History of freestone|accessdate=2006-08-25|publisher=Freestone Parents and Citizen’s Association 1988|year=1988|author=Olwyn Mauch|work=The History and Memories of Freestone 1827 - 1988] .

In 1840 Leslie, accompanied by a convict named Peter Murphy, followed in the footsteps of the explorer. On the return trip to Sydney he marked a trail by cutting into the trees. This became known as "Leslie’s marked tree line".

On his return to Sydney Leslie married Catherine (Kate), daughter of Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur, at Parramatta on 9 September 1840. His best man at the wedding was Stuart Donaldson.

On July the 2nd 1840, the first head station was established by Walter Leslie at Toolburra. Walter and George Leslie then set about building a residence at Canning Downs.

Although the three Leslie brothers claimed all the land to the head of the Condomine River, including its tributaries, they were forced to give up most of the claim to new arrivals because of the requirement that all land claimed had to be adequately stocked..

In 1841 Leslie and his wife travelled from Sydney to Brisbane aboard the Hunter River Steam Navigation Company steamer, "Shamrock". They were then counted as the first family to make the journey from Brisbane to the Darling DownsCite web|url=|title=Pioneering the Darling Downs - the Leslies|accessdate=2006-08-26|year=1910|work=Jubilee History of Ipswich] .

By 1841 the Leslies had sold their interest in 'Toolburra' and moved to 'Canning Downs' which was managed by George and Walter Leslie.

When the Leslies first settled on Canning Downs, they had 6000 sheep, two teams of bullocks and drays, one team of horses and a dray, 10 saddle horses, and 22 convict employees.

The task of building up the property during a time of depression proved too difficult and Patrick Leslie was ruined financially by 1844.

In 1845 Leslie acquired 14 hectares of land in his father's name on the banks of Breakfast Creek, Brisbane and built Newstead HouseCite web|url=|title=Patrick Leslie (1815 - 1881) |accessdate=2006-08-20|publisher=State Library of New South Wales ] , where he lived while pasturing flocks at Canning Downs.

In 1846 he acquired 'Goomburra' on the Darling Downs. Newstead House was sold to his brother-in-law, John Clements Wickham, the following yearCite web|url=|title=Newstead House - History and Virtual Tour|accessdate=2006-08-21] .

1851, he also bought nearby Gladfield StationCite web|url=|title=Castles Page 4|accessdate=2006-08-27|publisher=Clan Leslie Society of Australia and New Zealand] .

Leslie left Australia with his wife and son in 1854 and returned to BritainCite web|url=|title=Castles Page 4|accessdate=2006-08-27|publisher=Clan Leslie Society of Australia and New Zealand] .


In 1847 the New South Wales government asked Leslie to select a site for a town on Canning Downs station. It was to be known as Canningtown, the local Aborigines knew the area as Gooragooby, but the name Warwick was eventually chosenCite web|url=|title=Warwick|accessdate=2006-08-26|publisher=Sydney Morning Herald|year=2004] .

At the first land sale in Warwick 1848 Patrick Leslie bought the first allotment.

Today much of the water supply for city of Warwick is drawn from Leslie Dam, and larger than life granite sculptures of and Patrick and Catherine Leslie are located in a park adjacent to the dam wall.


Leslie was elected as member of the NSW Legislative Assembly for the seat of Moreton, Wide Bay, Burnett and Maranoa from 19 November, 1857 to 19 December, 1857.cite web
title =Mr Patrick Leslie (1815 - 1881)
work =Members of Parliament
publisher =Parliament of New South Wales
url =!OpenDocument
accessdate = 2007-05-01

He was also the leader of the Moreton Bay separatist movement, presiding over the first public meeting held at Drayton to press this issue.

New Zealand

Patrick Leslie and his family moved to New Zealand, arriving in Auckland on the 20th October 1868. He purchased land in Waikato, where he established a productive farm and sheep stud at "Wartle", just south of Hamilton, on New Zealand’s North IslandCite web|url=|title=Castles Page 4|accessdate=2006-08-27|publisher=Clan Leslie Society of Australia and New Zealand] . He sold his New Zealand holdings due to failing health in 1879, returning to Australia in his retirementCite web|url=|title=Downunder|accessdate=2006-08-21|year=2001|author=Barrie Leslie|work=THE NEWSLETTER OF THE AUSTRALIAN & NEW ZEALAND BRANCH OF CLAN LESLIE SOCIETY] .

Retirement and death

In 1879 he retired to Milson's Point, Sydney, where he died on 12 August 1881 following a short illness. He was buried at St Thomas’ Anglican Church Cemetery in West Street Crows Nest Sydney. Leslie was survived by his wife, Catherine and four grandchildrenCite web|url=|title=Castles Page 4|accessdate=2006-08-27|publisher=Clan Leslie Society of Australia and New Zealand] .

External links

* [ First Settler on the Darling Downs] at Toowoomba City Council
* [ Patrick Leslie] from "The Explorers of Australia and their Life-work"
* [ Newstead House website]
* [ Clan Leslie Society]
* [ Canning Downs] still exists today.
* [ Photograph of Canning Downs in 1894]


*Favenc, Ernest. 1908. "The Explorers of Australia and their Life-work". Whitcombe and Tombs Limited.

NAME=Leslie, Patrick
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Early settler in Queensland, Australia
DATE OF BIRTH= September 25, 1815
PLACE OF BIRTH=Warthill, Scotland
DATE OF DEATH= August 12, 1881
PLACE OF DEATH=Sydney, New South Wales

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