Criminal procedure Criminal trials and convictions Rights of the accused Fair trial · Speedy trial
Jury trial · Counsel
Presumption of innocence
Verdict Conviction · Acquittal
Sentencing Mandatory · Suspended
Dangerous offender4, 5
Cruel and unusual punishment
Life · Indefinite
Post-sentencing Parole · Probation
Tariff6 · Life licence6
Miscarriage of justice
Exoneration · Pardon
Sexually violent predator legislation1
Related areas of law Criminal defenses
Criminal law · Evidence
Portals Law · Criminal justice 1 US courts. 2 Not in English/Welsh courts. 3 Scottish courts. 4 English/Welsh courts. 5 Canadian courts. 6 UK courts.
The opposite of a conviction is an acquittal (i.e. "not guilty"). In Scotland and in the Netherlands, there can also be a verdict of "not proven", which counts as an acquittal. There are also cases where the court orders that a defendant not be convicted, despite being found guilty.
For a host of reasons, the criminal justice system is not perfect, and sometimes guilty defendants are acquitted, while innocent people are convicted. Appeal mechanisms mitigate this problem to some extent. An error which results in the conviction of an innocent person is known as a miscarriage of justice.
After a defendant is convicted, the court determines the appropriate sentence as a punishment. Furthermore, the conviction may lead to results beyond the terms of the sentence itself. Such ramifications are known as the collateral consequences of criminal charges.
A minor conviction is considered, in a term, a warning conviction, and it doesn't affect the defendant, but does serve as a warning.
The history of convictions also shows that a minor law conviction can be prosecuted as any individuals punishment.
Conviction is also a movie made in 2010. It is about a working mother puts herself through law school in an effort to represent her brother, who has been wrongfully convicted of murder and has exhausted his chances to appeal his conviction through public defenders. If you wish to learn more, go to www.movies.com and search it up.
Conviction rates by Country
- Article: Comparison of the conviction rates of a few countries of the world.
Country Conviction Rate Date Notes Britain 74% 2006 Russia 99% 2007 United States 80% 2006 This legal term article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
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