- Tourist trap
A tourist trap is a an establishment, or group of establishments, that has been created with the aim of attracting
last = Gaines
first = Barbara K.
authorlink = Barbara K. Gaines
title = Idiomatic American English: A Step-By-Step Workbook for Learning Everyday American Expressions
publisher = Kodansha International
date= May 31, 1986
pages = 85
url = http://www.amazon.com/Idiomatic-American-English-Everyday-Expressions/dp/0870117564
id = 0870117564] and their money. Tourist traps will typically provide products and souvenirs for tourists to purchase, and these will often be at inflated prices (compared to the local economy).
While the term may have negative connotations for some, such establishments may be viewed by tourists as fun and interesting diversions. The term is somewhat ambiguous; the sort of tourist trap common in the US, for example, is slightly different from that found in Europe.
Tourist traps in the US
As with elsewhere, tourist traps in the US provide an opportunity to separate a consumer from their
moneyand are oriented primarily towards non-native or non-local consumers. But in the US, a tourist trap typically refers to a diversion from a genuine point of interest. Because the tourist is on her or his way to a particular attraction, the tourist trap will either offer a distinctly contrary experience or an allied experience. They will offer up "unique" natural or artificial features (the "World's Largest Ball of Twine" or "Silver Springs") that can only be had at the particular stop, and will then offer up conveniences or activities to entertain and capitalize upon the stopped tourist.
Typically goods available for purchase will include
souvenirs and curiositiesembossed with the name of the establishment and or local points of interest. Additional products may include the normal range of items found in a gift shop.
Activities at US tourist traps vary greatly based in part on the surrounding
economyand infrastructure. In some areas like Ishpeming, Michigan, Flush toilets may be a sufficient draw to entice tourist to stop as they are not readily available at many tourist facilities in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Wall Drug, in South Dakota, began its tourist trade simply by offering ice water.cite web | title =WallDrug.com | work =The Wall Drug Store got its start during the Depression years by offering Free Ice Water to thirsty travelers | publisher = | date =2007 | url =http://www.walldrug.com/ | format =web | accessdate = 2008-02-04 ] In other locations like Anaheim, Californiamore robust activates are required to draw a tourist to a specific activity over a competitor's activity. Other activities may include thematic restaurants, arcade games, wax museums, collections of unique artifacts, and so on.
Ralph H. Cameron[cite web | url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000066 | title= Cameron, Ralph Henry, (1863 -1953); Biographical Directory of the United States Congress] a former resident of Maine, traveled west with his brothers around 1880. Arriving in Flagstaff, Arizonawhere they took up sheep herding. Ralph visited the nearby Grand Canyonand realizing its potential as a tourist trap began acquiring properties. Before the Grand Canyonbecame a National Monument in 1906 the Cameron’s and accomplices had secured over 100 claims including some of the most scenic. They improved an old Indian trail that would become Bright Angel Trailand began charging tourists a dollar toll. Tourists could rent a muleto take them to the bottom of the canyon. At the bottom of the tourist would have an opportunity to be sheared again as they were given an opportunity to hire a mule to carry them to the top. Other opportunities to separate tourists from their dollars included charging for comfort stations. [ [http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/albright2/ Horace M. Albright and Marian Albright Schenck: “Creating the National Park Service: The Missing Years, Page 265, University of Oklahoma Press, 1999] , ISBN 0-8061-3155-1] In 1928 after a legal battle Coconino Country gained ownership of the profitable toll trail. [cite web | last = Ribokas | first = Bob | title = Cameron, Ralph on Grand Canyon Explorer | work = Grand Canyon Explorer | publisher = | date = Copyright © Bob Ribokas, 1994-2001 | url = http://www.kaibab.org/misc/gc_misc.htm#c | format = Web | doi = | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] It costs more than a dollar now but you can still rent a mule to take you down the canyon. The web site [ cite web | title = Canyon Trail Rides “The Only Ride in the National Parks” | work = Howdy Partner Come Ride With Us | publisher = Local Matters, Inc. | date = © Copyrighted 1997/98 | url = http://www.onlinepages.net/canyonrides/ | format = Web | doi = | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] does not list the cost for the ride down or back up.
Tourist traps range significantly in size, from a single tree [cite web | coauthors = Jarl & Carol de Boer | title = The Eternal Tree House in Redcrest on the Redwood Highway | work = TUNNELTREE and CALIFPOSTCARD Home Pages | publisher = | date = © 2003 | url = http://www.tunneltree.com/redwood/hum-scot/eternal/eternal.html | format = Web | doi = | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] [cite web | coauthors = Jarl & Carol de Boer
title = Drive thru "The Stump" at the Redwood Shop near
Pepperwood, Calif| work = TUNNELTREE and CALIFPOSTCARD Home Pages | date = © 2003 | url = http://www.tunneltree.com/tunneltree/tunneltree.html | format = Web | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] to the city of Las Vegas, Nevada. There may be valid arguments to include traps that are bigger or smaller than these as well.
top and Shop
A few establishments take pride in the term and embody it into their names, such as "Da Yoopers Tourist Trap"cite web | title = Da Yoopers Tourist Trap & Museum | work = Ishpeming, Michigan, Business web site | url = http://www.dayoopers.com/thetrap.html | format = Web | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] in
Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, and "The TOURIST TRAP"cite web | title = The TOURIST TRAP | work = Deep Creek Lake, Maryland, Business web site | publisher = | date = ©Copyright 2003 - The Tiurist Trap | url = http://www.shoptouristtrap.com | format = Web | doi = | accessdate = 2007-03-21] at Deep Creek Lake, Maryland. Other establishments like The "Trees of Mystery" [cite web | title = Trees of Mystery | work = Klamath, California, Business web site | publisher = | date = | url = http://www.treesofmystery.net | format = Web | doi = | accessdate = 2007-03-21 ] in Klamath, Californiaavoid the phrase. If the term is embraced or not, regardless of the price of products, the two things that most tourist stops have in common are restrooms and items for sale with the name the establishment or other nearby points of interest.
Tourist traps in Europe
European Tourist traps differ from the American variety in that they are typically based at, or very near, historical centres.
Examples of tourist traps
Mao Zedong Memorial Park[cite book
last = Dutton
first = Michael
authorlink = Michael Dutton
title = Streetlife China (Cambridge Modern China Series)
publisher = Cambridge University Press
date= Jan 13, 1999
location = 0521637198
pages = 232
url = http://www.amazon.com/Streetlife-China-Cambridge-Modern/dp/0521637198
id = 0521637198 ]
Leicester Squarein London
Picadilly Circusin London
Mijasin Costa del Solor Gibraltar
Las Ramblasin Barcelona
Waikikiin Oahu, Hawaii
Bayside Marketplacein Miami, Florida
Breezewood, Pennsylvaniaon U.S. Route 30 at a short gap in Interstate 70
*Clifton Hill at
Niagara Falls, Ontario
Corn Palaceat Mitchell, South Dakota
*Fisherman's Wharf in
Harold Warp's Pioneer Village near Minden, Nebraska
House on the Rocknear Spring Green, Wisconsin
International Drivein Orlando, FL
Kemah Boardwalkin Kemah, Texas
Marsh's Free Museum, home of Jake the Alligator Man, in Long Beach, Washington
Meramec Cavernsnear Stanton, Missouri, " Jesse James' Hideout"
Mystery Hilland Prehistoric Forestin Brooklyn, Michigan
*Mystery Hill near
Salem, New Hampshire, recently redubbed the even-more ostentatious "America's Stonehenge"
Mystery Holein Ansted, West Virginia
Mystery Spotin Santa Cruz, California
Navy Pierin Chicago
Oregon Vortexin Gold Hill, Oregon
Roadside Americain Shartlesville, Pennsylvania
Rock Citynear Lookout Mountainand Chattanooga, Tennessee
Santa Monica Pierin Santa Monica, California
Sonoma Traintown Railroadin Sonoma, California
*South of the Border near
Dillon, South Carolina
South Street Seaportin New York City
Times Squarein New York City
*(the) Sponge Docks, Tarpon Springs, Florida
The Thing?in Dragoon, Arizona
Trees of Mysteryin the redwood region of Northern California
Wall Drugin Wall, South DakotaIn addition, the Tennesseecities of Sevierville, Pigeon Forge, and Gatlinburg have numerous tourist traps.
*Frango Assado at
São Paulo, Brazil
Ettamogah Pub, assorted locations
Popular culture references
These kinds of attractions find their way into popular culture. A few examples, in addition to the Charles Ogden book and the horror film mentioned elsewhere on this page:
*In an episode of "
I Love Lucy", in which the four main players are driving to California, they see a billboard advertising a Praline Pecans shop hundreds of miles away. As they approach its location, the signs appear with greater frequency, and their interest grows, only to learn on arrival that the store is out of business.
*An episode of "
Kojak" titled "Tourist Trap" is about a crime boss conducting an illegal immigrationscheme to provide workers for businesses he owns.
*In the 1983 film "
National Lampoon's Vacation", Ellen Griswold ridicules her husband, Clark, for being distracted trying to find attractions such as "the world's largest ball of twine" on their way to their actual destination, the fictional amusement park called "Wally World".
Adventure Game Sam and Max Hit the Roadlargely takes place at a series of tourist traps across the United States.
*In the novel
American Godsby Neil Gaiman, tourist traps are hypothesized to be built in areas of great spiritual energy in America, much like shrines or stone monoliths might mark such spots in other parts of the world.
*Folk-music act Bright Eyes has a song called "Tourist Trap" on their 2007 "Four Winds EP."
*In the 1996 independent movie "Michael", the archangel Michael insists on stopping at several tourist traps.
House of 1000 Corpsesthe group of young victims stop at Captain Spaulding's Museum of Monsters and Madmen, a hybrid tourist trap and gas station.
* In the graphic novel "", the mutants refer to their deal with gas station employees, who trick people into going into the mutants' domain where they are cannibalized, as a "tourist trap". [ "The Hills Have Eyes: The Beginning" ]
RuneScapehas a quest by this name.
* The 2006 Disney/Pixar animated movie "
Cars" is set in the fictional community of Radiator Springs, Arizona, essentially a "tourist trap" of the old school along Route 66 as was bypassed when Interstate 40 supplanted Route 66, forcing the community into a state of decline.
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