name = Earthstars

image_width = 240px
regnum = Fungi
phylum = Basidiomycota
classis = Agaricomycetes
subclassis = Phallomycetidae
ordo = Geastrales
familia = Geastraceae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision =
*"Sphaerobolus"and about 2 others

The earthstars are the family Geastraceae of gasterocarpic basidiomycetes (mushrooms). It includes the genera "Geastrum" and "Myriostoma". About 60 species are classified in this family, divided among 8 genera.

Older classifications place this family in the order Lycoperdales, but more recently they have been placed in Phallales.

One member of this family, "Sphaerobolus stellatus", is a nuisance organism in landscapes known as "shotgun fungus" or "cannonball fungus", which colonizes wood-based mulches and may throw black spore-containing globs onto nearby painted surfaces.

Many of these fungi behave in the following manner: In dry weather the "petals" will dry and curl up around the soft spore sac, protecting it. Often the whole fungus in this state becomes detached from the ground and can roll around like a tumbleweed. When the weather dampens the "petals" moisten and uncurl and some even curl backwards lifting the spore sac up. Presumably this then allows rain or animal movement to hit the spore sac so that it will puff out spores when there is enough moisture for them to germinate.

Further reading

*Alexopolous, C.J., Charles W. Mims, M. Blackwell et al., "Introductory Mycology, 4th ed." (John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken NJ, 2004) ISBN 0-471-52229-5
*Arora, David. (1986). "Mushrooms Demystified: A Comprehensive Guide to the Fleshy Fungi". 2nd ed. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0898151694

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geastraceae — Geastrum trip …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Geastraceae — noun a family of earthstar fungi belonging to the order Lycoperdales • Syn: ↑family Geastraceae • Hypernyms: ↑fungus family • Member Holonyms: ↑Lycoperdales, ↑order Lycoperdales • Member Merony …   Useful english dictionary

  • family Geastraceae — noun a family of earthstar fungi belonging to the order Lycoperdales • Syn: ↑Geastraceae • Hypernyms: ↑fungus family • Member Holonyms: ↑Lycoperdales, ↑order Lycoperdales • Member Meronyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Myriostoma — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Geastrum — triplex …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Geastrum triplex — Geastrum triplex …   Wikipedia

  • Geastrum — noun type genus of Geastraceae; fungi whose outer peridium when dry splits into starlike segments • Syn: ↑genus Geastrum • Hypernyms: ↑fungus genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Geastraceae, ↑family Geastraceae * * * jēˈastrəm …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nidulariopsis — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Basidiomycota Class: Agar …   Wikipedia

  • Звездовиковые — Geastrum quadrifi …   Википедия

  • Astreus — noun a genus of fungi belonging to the family Geastraceae • Syn: ↑genus Astreus • Hypernyms: ↑fungus genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Geastraceae, ↑family Geastraceae …   Useful english dictionary

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