Cantonment

Cantonment

::"Cantonment, Florida is town north of Pensacola, Florida. See also Canton and Cantonist"

A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters.Oxford English Dictionary cantonment] The word "cantonment" is derived from the French word "canton" meaning "corner" or "district". [Oxford English Dictionary cantonment and canton, v.] In Southern Asia, the term cantonment also describes permanent military stations. Cantonments can be found in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Ghana and Sri Lanka. In United States military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e. barracks) section of a fort or other such military installation. See, for example Fort Hood.

Campaigning

During a campaign, cantonments are places of encampment formed by troops for a more permanent stay, or while in winter quarters. For example at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army of 93,000 were cantoned to the south of Brussels. [Encyclopaedia Britannica Eleventh Edition Waterloo Campaign]

List of Permanent Cantonments

Ghana

*Cantonments, Accra

British India

Many cities in the Indian subcontinent, such as Ahmedabad, Belgaum, Bangalore, Ambala, Kanpur, Bathinda, Delhi, Pune, Sialkot and Rawalpindi, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army.Maya, Jayapal. Bangalore: The Story of a City. East West Books (Madras) Pvt. Ltd] . While in the 18th and 19th century cantonments in India were viewed as semi-permanent, by the turn of the 20th century they became permanent garrisons, and were further entrenched as such via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener in 1903 and the Cantonments Act of 1924.Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment http://www.geocities.com/momers_termpapers/ss153LahoreCantonment.htm]

India

India currently has 63 cantonments in 17 different states, not including smaller 'sub-cantonments' in the same regional area. The vast majority of Indian cantonments are spread across Northern, Northwestern and Northeastern India since the nation does not face any terrestrial military threats in the South. China and Pakistan lie beyond India's northern and western borders, both having proven themselves to be hostile to Indian strategic interests, and often acting in concert. The British Indian Army too was positioned for threats from across India's northern frontiers, as when the Great Game was in play in the 19th century. The vast majority of modern Indian Army cantonments date from the British era, though all have been modernized, expanded and reconfigured to suit modern warfare, training requirements and inter-service considerations. A few have, over the decades, also been dissolved and/or combined with other cantonments.

They include:

*Ahmedabad (Gandhinagar) Cantonment
*Allahabad Cantonment
*Ambala Cantonment
*Hyderabad Cantonment
*Badami Bagh Cantonment, Srinagar
*Bangalore Cantonment
*Bareilly Cantonment
*Bathinda Cantonment
*Cannanore Cantonment
*Chakrata
*Chandimandir Cantonment, Panchkula (Chandigarh)
*Chennai (Madras) Cantonment
*Dehradun Cantonment (Clement Town)
*Dehradun, New Cantonment ("New Cantt.")
*Delhi Cantonment
*Jabalpur Cantonment
*Jaipur Cantonment
*Jalandhar Cantonment
*Jodhpur Cantonment
*Kapurthala Cantonment
*Khadki Cantonment
*Kolkata Cantonment
*Landour (Mussoorie) Cantonment
*Lansdowne, Garhwal
*Lucknow Cantonment
*Mathura Cantonment
*Meerut Cantonment
*Mhow
*Nagpur (Kamptee) Cantonment
*Nagrota Cantonment, Jammu
*Nainital Cantonment
*Nashik Cantonment
*Patna Cantonment
*Pune Cantonment
*Roorkee Cantonment
*Secunderabad Cantonment
*Shillong Cantonment
*Shimla Cantonment (ARTRAC)
*Tiruchirapalli (Trichy) Cantonment
*Udhampur Cantonment

Pakistan

*Abbottabad Cantonment
*Attock Cantonment
*Bannu Cantonment
*Bhawalpur Cantonment
*Sanjwal Cantonment
*Kamra Cantonment
*Taxila Cantonment
*Murree Cantonment
*Gujranwala Cantonment
*Sialkot Cantonment
*Hyderabad Cantonment
*Karachi Cantonment
*Kharian Cantonment
*Jhelum Cantonment
*Mangla Cantonment
*Lahore Cantonment Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment http://www.geocities.com/momers_termpapers/ss153LahoreCantonment.htm]
*Walton Cantonment: Created out of the southern parts of the original Lahore Cantt.Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment http://www.geocities.com/momers_termpapers/ss153LahoreCantonment.htm]
*Mardan Cantonment
*Bannu Cantonment
*DI Khan Cantonment
*Multan Cantonment
*Nowshera Cantonment
*Okara Cantonment
*Peshawar Cantonment [ [http://www.geocities.com/scn_pk/oct25.html Sarhad Conservation Network® Reports: Book on Peshawar Cantonment Launched ] ]
*Quetta Cantonment
*Zhob Cantonment
*Loralai Cantonment
*Rawalpindi Cantonment
*Chaklala Cantonment
*Sargodha Cantonment
*Shorkot Cantonment (PAF Rafiqui)
*Sialkot Cantonment
*Ormara Cantonment
*Wah Cantonment
*Clifton Cantonment
*Malir Cantonment
*Faisal Cantonment
*Korangi Creek Cantonment
*Manora Cantonment
*Pano Aqil Cantonment

Bangladesh

*Dhaka Cantonment
*Mirpur Cantonment
*Savar Cantonment
*Chittagong Cantonemnt
*Khagrachari Cantonemnt
*Rangamati Cantonment
*Jessore Cantonment
*Khulna Cantonment
*Rajshahi Cantonment
*Bagura Cantonment
*Rangpur Cantontment
*Sayedpur Cantonment
*Ghatail Cantonment
*Mymensing Cantonment
*Sylhet Cantonment
*Mainamati (Comilla) Cantonment
*Zamuna satu(Tangail)cantonment

ri Lanka

*Panagoda Cantonment

See also

* Army Cantonment Board, Pakistan

References


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  • Cantonment — Can ton*ment, n. [Cf. F. cantonnement.] A town or village, or part of a town or village, assigned to a body of troops for quarters; temporary shelter or place of rest for an army; quarters. [1913 Webster] Note: When troops are sheltered in huts… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cantonment —   [kæn tuːnmənt] das, s/ s, ehemals militärische Siedlung der Briten in Vorderindien, meist durch Eisenbahntrasse von der Siedlung der Einheimischen getrennt; heute zum Teil noch ähnlich genutzt …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cantonment — 1756, military quarters, from Fr. cantonnement, from cantonner to divide into cantons (14c.), from canton (see CANTON (Cf. canton)). Meaning action of quartering troops is from 1757 …   Etymology dictionary

  • cantonment — ► NOUN ▪ a military station in British India. ORIGIN French cantonnement, from cantonner to quarter …   English terms dictionary

  • cantonment — [kan tän′mənt, kantōn′mənt; ] Brit [ kən to͞on′mənt] n. [Fr cantonnement: see CANTON] 1. the assignment of troops to temporary quarters 2. the quarters assigned …   English World dictionary

  • cantonment — UK [kænˈtuːnmənt] / US [kænˈtunmənt] noun [countable] Word forms cantonment : singular cantonment plural cantonments Indian English a district of a South Asian city which shows the influence of Western Europeans or Americans …   English dictionary

  • Cantonment — Un cantonment était un lieu de campement militaire ou de garnison, situé le plus souvent en Inde, au Pakistan et au Bangladesh, à l époque de l Inde britannique. Portail du monde indien Catégories  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cantonment — Original name in latin Cantonment Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 30.60853 latitude 87.33998 altitude 50 Population 26493 Date 2012 09 30 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • cantonment — [[t]kæntu͟ːnmənt, AM to͟ʊn [/t]] cantonments N COUNT A cantonment is a group of buildings or a camp where soldiers live …   English dictionary

  • Cantonment Road, Singapore — Cantonment Road redirects here. For Cantonment Road, Penang, see Street names of George Town, Penang. Cantonment Road (Chinese: 广东明路) is a road located in Tanjong Pagar on the boundary between Bukit Merah Planning Area, Outram Planning Area and… …   Wikipedia

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