Beehive House

Beehive House

Infobox_nrhp2 | name =Beehive House
nhl=yes
cp=yes



caption = South Temple Street entrance to the Beehive House
location = Salt Lake City, Utah
location= Salt Lake City, UT
lat_degrees = 40 | lat_minutes = 46 | lat_seconds = 10.7 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 111 | long_minutes = 53 | long_seconds = 19.7 | long_direction = W
area =
built =1854
architect= Angell,Truman O.
architecture= Greek Revival
added = February 26, 1970
governing_body = Private
refnum=70000626 cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]

:"For the primitive type of building, see Beehive house"

The Beehive House is one of the two official residences of Brigham Young, an early leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons). The Beehive House gets its name from the Beehive sculpture atop the house. It was designed by Young's brother-in-law and architect of the Salt Lake Temple, Truman O. Angell, who later designed Young's other residence, the Lion House.

The Beehive house was constructed in 1854, two years before the Lion House. The Lion House is adjacent to the Beehive House, and both homes are one block east of the Salt Lake Temple and Temple Square on the street South Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah. It is constructed of adobe and sandstone.

Young was a polygamist, and the Beehive House was designed to accommodate him and his wives and his children by them. As Young's family grew, the Lion House was built to accommodate them and became his official residence after its construction. Upon completion of the Lion House, Young's wife Lucy Ann Decker Young (1822-1890) and her children were the primary occupants of Beehive House.

The Beehive House served as the executive mansion of the Territory of Utah from 1852 to 1855 and was where Young entertained important guests. After Young's death, it served as the residence of two subsequent Church Presidents, Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith, both of whom died in the mansion. Smith, who died in 1918, was the last LDS President to practice polygamy, living with four remaining wives at the time of his death.

A beehive atop the mansion was used by Young to represent industry, an important concept in Mormonism. In fact, prior to statehood, the territorial government requested that the state be named Deseret, another word for "Honeybee" according to Latter-day Saint belief. Instead, the United States government chose to name the state Utah, after the Ute Indians, though the beehive was later incorporated into the state's official emblem.

The Young family maintained the home for a period of time after Young's death, but eventually sold the house to the LDS Church. After this time it was used as the official home of Church Presidents, later as the home economics wing of Latter-day Saint University, and then a dormitory for young women. The Young Women's organization of the Church also rented out rooms in the home for wedding receptions.

Under Church ownership, the Beehive House, at 67 E. South Temple, was restored in 1960. It is now a tourist attraction.

ee also

*Gardo House
*Temple Square

Notes

External links

* [http://www.onlineutah.com/lionbeehivehistory.shtml History of Beehive and Lion Houses, Utah]
* [http://www.lds.org/placestovisit/location/0,10634,1863-1-1-1,00.html Beehive House official website]


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