Star Trek

Star Trek

Infobox Media franchises
head color=
label color=
title=Star Trek

image caption=The current Star Trek franchise logo, featuring James T. Kirk (left) and Spock
creator=Gene Roddenberry
origin="" (1966)
Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. The Star Trek fictional universe created by Gene Roddenberry is the setting of six television series including the original 1966 "", in addition to ten feature films (with an eleventh in post-production), dozens of computer and video games, hundreds of novels and fan stories, several fan-created video productions, as well as a in Las Vegas. The original TV series alone has created a cult phenomenon and has spawned many pop culture references. [E.g. Hillel Italie (AP National Writer), [ Potter Reaches Cult Phenomenon Status] , ABC News, 30 June 2007, in which Star Trek's status as a cult phenomenon is repeatedly taken as read.]


Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry put together a proposal for a science fiction series in 1960.


In the Star Trek universe, humans developed faster-than-light space travel, using a form of propulsion referred to as "warp drive", following nuclear war and a post-apocalyptic period in the mid-21st century. According to the story time line, the first warp flight happened on April 5th, 2063. Later, mankind united with some of the other sentient species of the galaxy to form the United Federation of Planets. Partly as a result of the intervention and scientific teachings of the Vulcans, an advanced telepathic alien race, man largely overcame many Earth-bound frailties and vices by the middle of the twenty-second century, creating a quasi-utopian society where a central role is not played by money, but rather by the need for exploration and knowledge.

Star Trek stories usually depict the adventures of humans and aliens who serve in the Federation's Starfleet. The protagonists are essentially altruists whose ideals are sometimes only imperfectly applied to the dilemmas presented in the series. The conflicts and political dimensions of Star Trek form allegories for contemporary cultural realities; "" addressed issues of the 1960s, [ [ Star Trek: A Phenomenon and Social Statement on the 1960s] URL accessed April 7, 2007] just as later spin-offs have reflected issues of their respective eras. Issues depicted in the various series include war and peace, authoritarianism, imperialism, class warfare, economics, racism, human rights, sexism and feminism, and the role of technology. Gene Roddenberry stated that by creating "a new world with new rules, I could make statements about sex, religion, Vietnam, politics and intercontinental missiles. Indeed, we did make them on "Star Trek:" we were sending messages and fortunately they all got by the network"cite book|title=American Science Fiction TV: Star Trek, Stargate and Beyond|last=Johnson-Smith|first=Jan |publisher=I B Tauris & Co Ltd|year= 2005|pages=p57,pp79-85|isbn= 1860648827]

Television series

Originated as a television series in 1966, although it had been in the planning stages for at least six years prior to that. [cite book
last = Whitfield
first = Stephen E.
coauthors = Roddenberry, Gene
title = The Making of Star Trek
year = 1970
publisher = Ballantine Books
isbn = 0345216210
] "Star Trek" was canceled after its third television season due to low ratings. However, it has served as the foundation for four additional live-action television series, one animated television series and ten theatrical films (with an 11th in the works).cite news | url= | title=The trouble with "Trek" | | author=Robert Wilonsky | date=October 1999 | accessdate=2007-02-07] The six television series comprise a total of 716 episodes - ten of which are feature-length - across twenty-two seasons (twenty-nine, if one separately counts seasons which ran concurrently). See Lengths of science fiction film and television series for more on comparative series lengths.

"The Original Series" (1966–1969)

"Star Trek" (Also known as "TOS", The Original Series) debuted in the United States on NBC on September 8, 1966.cite web|url=|title='Star Trek' turns 40|accessdate=2007-12-20|date=2006-08-18] The show tells the tale of the crew of the starship "Enterprise" and that crew's five-year mission "to boldly go where no man has gone before." The original 1966-1969 television series featured William Shatner as Captain James Tiberius Kirk, Leonard Nimoy as Spock, DeForest Kelley as Dr. Leonard McCoy, James Doohan as Montgomery Scott, Nichelle Nichols as Uhura, George Takei as Hikaru Sulu, and Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov. In its first two seasons it was nominated for awards as Best Dramatic Series. After three seasons, however, the show was canceled and the last episode aired on June 3, 1969. [ Star Trek TV show] URL accessed August 21, 2006] The series subsequently became popular in reruns and a cult following developed, complete with fan conventions. Originally presented under the title "Star Trek", it has in recent years become known as "Star Trek: The Original Series" or as "Classic Star Trek" — retronyms that distinguish it from its sequels and the franchise as a whole. All subsequent films and television series, except the animated series of the 1970s and the earlier seasons of , have had secondary titles included as part of their official names. A re-release of the series began in September 2006 with computer-generated imagery "enhancements" as a high-definition "" edition. The first season has been converted to this and other episodes are still being remastered.. [cite news | url= | title=Original Star Trek Getting Upgrade? | publisher=IGN | author=Paul Davidson | date=August 2006 | accessdate=2007-02-07] The remastered episodes currently air in syndication while the originals appear on many countries' channels although these broadcasts are infrequent and irregular.

"The Animated Series" (1973–1974)

"Star Trek: The Animated Series" was produced by Filmation and ran for two seasons from 1973 to 1974. Most of the original cast performed the voices of their characters from "The Original Series", and many of the original series' writers, such as D. C. Fontana, David Gerrold and Paul Schneider wrote for the series. While the animated format allowed larger and more exotic alien landscapes and lifeforms, animation and soundtrack quality, the liberal reuse of shots (pioneered by Jonnie 'Roy' White) and musical cues as well as occasional animation errors has detracted from the reputation of the series. [Andy Dursin review of DVD release at [ The Aisle Seat] ] Although originally sanctioned by Paramount (who became the owners of the Star Trek franchise following its acquisition of Desilu in 1967), Roddenberry forced Paramount to stop considering the series canon. Even so, elements of the animated series have been used by writers in later live-action series and movies (e.g. Kirk's middle name, Tiberius, first used in was made official in ', and elements of Spock's childhood from ', referenced in the TNG episode "") while the holodeck makes its first appearance in TAS episode The Practical Joker. TAS won Star Trek's first Emmy Award on May 15 1975. [ [ Awards for "Star Trek" (1973)] by imdb] [ [ The Making of Star Trek: The Animated Series] ] Star Trek TAS briefly returned to television in the mid-1980s when it was rebroadcast on the children's cable network Nickelodeon and in the early 1990s on cable network Sci-Fi Channel. It was released to DVD in 2006. The complete TAS was also released on Laserdisc format during the 1980s. [ Star Trek Animated — The Series that ran from 1973–1974] URL accessed August 21, 2006]

"Phase II"

"Star Trek: Phase II" was set to air in June 1978 as the flagship series of a proposed Paramount Pictures television network, the Paramount Television Service, and 12 episode scripts were written before production was due to begin. [ Star Trek Phase II, Planned but never executed Star Trek Series] URL accessed August 21, 2006] The series would have put most of the original crew back aboard the "Enterprise" for a second five-year mission, except for Leonard Nimoy as Spock, who did not agree to return due to legal disputes with Paramount (detailed in his autobiography, "I Am Not Spock"). A younger, full-blooded Vulcan named Xon was planned as a replacement, although it was still hoped that Nimoy would make guest appearances. Sets were constructed and several minutes of test footage were filmed. However, the risks of launching a fourth network and the popularity of the then-recently released film ' led Paramount to make a Star Trek film instead of a weekly television series. The first script of this aborted series (In Thy Image) formed the basis of ', [ Trivia for Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979)] URL accessed August 21, 2006] while two others (The Child and Devil's Due) were eventually adapted as episodes of "Star Trek: The Next Generation" during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike. [Judith and Garfield Reeves-Steven, "Star Trek Phase II: The Lost Series", p.235 ISBN 0-671-56839-6]

"The Next Generation" (1987–1994)

"Star Trek: The Next Generation" (Also known as "TNG", The Next Generation) is set 78 years after "The Original Series." It features a new starship, the "Enterprise-D", and a new crew led by Captain Jean-Luc Picard, played by Patrick Stewart. It also features the first Klingon in Starfleet, Worf, played by Michael Dorn. The show premiered on September 28, 1987 and ran for seven seasons, ending on May 23, 1994. [ Star Trek: The Next Generation TV Show] URL accessed August 21, 2006] Unlike the previous television outings, the program was syndicated instead of airing on network television. It had the highest ratings of any of the Star Trek series and was the #1 syndicated show during the last few years of its original run. The Next Generation series is arguably the best of the other series and became a springboard for subsequent additions to the Star Trek franchise. Many of the relationships and races introduced in TNG became the basis of episodes in DS9 and Voyager. [ Star Trek — A Short History] URL accessed August 21, 2006] It was nominated for an Emmy for Best Dramatic Series during its final season. It also received a Peabody Award for Outstanding Television Programming. [ BBC Online — Star Trek: The Next Generation] URL accessed August 21, 2006]

"Deep Space Nine" (1993–1999)

"Star Trek: Deep Space Nine" is set during the same time frame as "The Next Generation" and was in production for seven seasons, debuting in January 1993. [ Star Trek: Deep Space Nine TV Show] URL accessed August 21, 2006] Like "Star Trek: The Next Generation", it aired in syndication in the United States and Canada. It is the only Star Trek series to take place primarily on a space station rather than aboard a starship. It is set on the Cardassian-built space station Deep Space Nine, located near the planet Bajor and a uniquely stable wormhole that provides immediate access to the distant Gamma Quadrant. [ STARTREK.COM: Emissary] . URL accessed August 21, 2006] The show chronicles the events of the station's crew, led by Commander (later Captain) Benjamin Sisko, played by Avery Brooks. Recurring plot elements include the repercussions of the lengthy and brutal Cardassian Occupation of Bajor, Sisko's unique spiritual role for the Bajorans as the Emissary of the Prophets and a war with the Dominion. Deep Space Nine stands apart from earlier Trek series for its lengthy serialized storytelling, conflict within the crew, and religious themes — all of which were elements that Roddenberry had forbidden in earlier Trek programs. [cite web |url= |title=Review of "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges" |accessdate=2006-10-29 ] Nevertheless, he was made aware of plans to make DS9 before his death, so this was the last "Star Trek" series with which he was connected. [cite web|url=|title=Trivia for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine|publisher=IMDB|accessdate=2007-10-14]

"Voyager" (1995–2001)

"Star Trek: Voyager" was produced for seven seasons from 1995 to 2001, launching a new Paramount-owned television network UPN. It features Kate Mulgrew as Captain Kathryn Janeway, [ RevolutionSF — Star Trek: Voyager : Review] URL accessed August 24, 2006] the first female commanding officer in a leading role of a Star Trek series. "Voyager" takes place at about the same time as "Deep Space Nine". The premiere episode has the USS Voyager and its crew pursue a Maquis ship (crewed by Star Fleet rebels). Both ships become stranded in the Delta Quadrant about 70,000 light years from Earth. [ Star Trek: Voyager [TV series] synopsis] URL accessed April 4, 2007] Faced with a 75-year voyage to Earth, the crew must avoid conflict and defeat challenges on the long and perilous journey home. Like "Deep Space Nine", early seasons of "Voyager" feature greater conflict between its crew than is seen in later shows, as a large contingent of the crew is made up of Maquis fugitives forced by circumstance to cooperate with Starfleet regulations instead of doing things the Maquis way. Eventually, though, they settle their differences, after which it becomes more reminiscent of "The Original Series". "Voyager" is originally isolated from many of the familiar aspects and races of the Star Trek franchise, barring those few represented on the crew. This allowed for the creation of new races and original plot lines within the series. Later seasons, however, brought an influx of characters and races from prior shows, such as the Borg, Q, the Ferengi, Romulans, Klingons, Cardassians as well as cast members of "The Next Generation".

"Enterprise" (2001–2005)

"Star Trek: Enterprise" (originally titled "Enterprise" prior to the third season), produced from 2001 to 2005, is a prequel to the other Star Trek series [ Star Trek: Enterprise Summary] URL accessed August 24, 2006] , taking place in the 2150s, some 90 years after Zefram Cochrane developed the first warp-capable starship from a ballistic missile. The series shows how the first extraterrestial contact with the Vulcans and subsequent guidance led to Earth's first warp-five capable starship, the "Enterprise", commanded by Captain Jonathan Archer (Scott Bakula). "Enterprise" shows the origins of several elements that are common in the other series. For the first two seasons, "Enterprise" is mostly episodic, like the original series and "The Next Generation". The third season's "Xindi mission" arc carried through the entire season. The fourth season's story arcs are often spread to two or three episodes. Ratings for "Enterprise" started strong, but declined rapidly.

Feature films

Paramount Pictures has produced ten Star Trek feature films, with an eleventh film currently in production, set for release on May 8, 2009. The first six films continue the adventures of the "The Original Series" cast, the seventh was an amalgam of "The Original Series" and "Next Generation" casts, and the next three were exclusively "Next Generation"'s cast. Although North American and UK releases of the films were no longer numbered following the sixth film, European releases continued numbering the films. The eleventh film is a prequel about the early lives of James T. Kirk and Spock.

Some fans consider the even-numbered Star Trek films to be superior to the odd-numbered Star Trek films (the so-called "Star Trek movie curse"); the , , , and films are considered fan favorites, whereas the , , , seventh, and are often considered the weaker films.. [ STARTREK.COM : Article] URL accessed August 24, 2006] [cite web |url= |title="Star Trek: Generations" review|accessdate=2008-06-01 |last=Ebert |first=Roger |authorlink= Roger Ebert |date=1994-11-18 |quote=...even down to and including its curious tradition that the even-numbered movies tend to be better than the odd-numbered ones. |work=Chicago Sun-Times]

This fan impression roughly corresponds to the critics' reviews of the films. According to Rotten Tomatoes website, the best of the Star Trek films are: "The Wrath of Khan" (92% fresh), "First Contact" (91% fresh), "The Voyage Home" (86% fresh), and "The Undiscovered Country" (84% fresh). The worst films are "The Final Frontier" (18% fresh) and "Nemesis" (36% fresh). "The Search for Spock" received generally favourable reviews (77% fresh). Critics were almost evenly divided on the remaining 3 films ("The Motion Picture", "Generations", and "Insurrection").

Other media

Video games

Print media

Cultural impact

The Star Trek franchise is a multi-billion dollar industry, currently owned by CBS. [ STARTREK.COM : Article] URL accessed August 24, 2006] Gene Roddenberry sold "Star Trek" to NBC as a classic adventure drama; he pitched the show as "Wagon Train" to the stars" and as Horatio Hornblower in space. [ Social History :Star Trek as a Cultural Phenomenon] URL accesses August 24, 2006] The opening line, "to boldly go where no man has gone before," was taken almost verbatim from a US White House booklet on space produced after the "Sputnik" flight in 1957. [ Introduction to Outer Space (1958)] URL accessed August 24, 2006] The central trio of Kirk, Spock and McCoy was modeled on classical mythological storytelling.

Roddenberry implicitly intended the show to have a leftist, almost radical political agenda reflective of the emerging sexualized counter-culture of the youth movement. However, his efforts were largely thwarted by contemporary sensibilities far removed from Hollywood's permissive culture of free sex and illegal drug usage. Star Trek showed mankind what it might develop into, if only it would learn from the lessons of the past, most specifically by ending violence. An extreme example are the Vulcans, who had a very violent past but learned to control their emotions.

"Star Trek" and its spin-offs have proved highly popular in television repeats and are currently shown on TV stations worldwide. [ TREK NATION] RTF URL accessed August 24, 2006] The show’s cultural impact goes far beyond its longevity and profitability. Star Trek conventions have become popular, though now are often merged with conventions of other genres and series, and fans have coined the term "Trekkie" to describe themselves. Others, however, prefer the term "Trekkers". Fans of "Deep Space Nine" are better known as "Niners". An entire subculture has grown up around the show [ Trekkies (1997)] URL accessed August 24, 2006] which was documented in the film "Trekkies".

The Star Trek franchise is believed to have influenced the design of many current technologies, including the Tablet PC, the PDA, mobile phones and the MRI (based on Dr. McCoy's diagnostic table). [ 40 years since the Enterprise's inception, some of its science fiction gadgets are part of everyday life] URL accessed August 24, 2006] It has also brought to popular attention the concept of teleportation with its depiction of "matter-energy transport." Phrases such as "Beam me up, Scotty" have entered the public vernacular. [ Articles: Beam me up, Scotty!] URL accessed August 24, 2006] In 1976, following a letter-writing campaign, NASA named its prototype space shuttle "Enterprise", after the fictional starship. [ Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)] URL accessed August 24, 2006]

Riverside, Iowa has proclaimed itself the future birthplace of Captain James T. Kirk. Gene Roddenberry, the creator of Star Trek, asserts in the book "The Making of Star Trek" by Stephen Whitfield, that the character of Kirk had been born in the state of Iowa.In March 1985, when the town was looking for a theme for its annual town festival, Steve Miller, a member of the Riverside City Council who had read Roddenberry's book, suggested to the council that Riverside should proclaim itself to be the future birthplace of Kirk. Miller's motion passed unanimously. The council later wrote to Roddenberry for his permission to be designated as the official birthplace of Kirk, and Roddenberry agreed.

The city of Garland, Texas is the first city known to have an official place name based on the TV series: "Star Trek Lane," located off of Apollo Road and east of North Jupiter Road. [cite web | title = Yahoo Maps|url=|accessdate=2007-02-27] The city of Birmingham, Alabama also boasts a "Star Trek Lane," and "Star Trek Circle," in the Sunrise East subdivision of its Roebuck neighborhood.

An unincorporated area near the Las Vegas Strip contains a residential street named "Roddenberry Avenue." While the mailing address lists the avenue as being located in Las Vegas, Nevada, the physical address is an unincorporated township called "Enterprise". There is no indication that the township's name has any connection with the Star Trek series, and it is unknown whether or not the street name is a deliberate tribute to the Star Trek creator. [ [,+Las+Vegas,+NV+89123,+USA&sa=X&oi=map&ct=title Google Maps: Roddenberry Ave.] ]

A limited number of Famous Players theatres in Canada house large replicas of the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-A. One such theatre can be found in the town of Thunder Bay, Ontario, and another in Ancaster, Ontario (near Hamilton).

Parodies of Star Trek include the internet-based cartoon series "Stone Trek", the "Star Wreck (book series)", the song "Star Trekkin'" by The Firm and the feature film "Galaxy Quest".

In the "seaQuest" episode "Hide and Seek", William Shatner (Captain Kirk) appears as a dictator named Milos Tezlov. When Calling the SeaQuest, Shatner's vidcom locater in the lower right hand of the screen is listed as NCC1701. NCC-1701 was the Hull Serial Number of the "Enterprise" in "Star Trek, The Original Series".

On an episode of NBC's ""Heroes"," George Takei, who plays Hiro Nakamura's father, arrives in one scene in a limousine. If one looks closely at a brief camera angle the viewer will see the license plate of the limousine is New York NCC1701.

"Weird Al" Yankovic's hit song White & Nerdy says, "Only question I ever thought was hard / Was do I like Kirk or do I like Picard?" [ [ Weird Al Yankovic Lyrics - White & Nerdy] ]

Franchise future

In 2006, CBS Paramount Domestic Television began syndicating an enhanced version of the original 79 "Star Trek" episodes. State-of-the-art visual effects replaced those in the series (created in-house by CBS), the original theme music has been rerecorded, and the show was transferred from the original negatives in high definition. The show is currently syndicated in HD. [cite web|url=|title=Remastering Star Trek: TOS FX, Music Enhanced|date=2006-08-31|accessdate=2006-11-20|]

Also in 2006, it was announced that there was a pitch in the works for a new animated series that would, if produced, be released as several 6-minute episodes, available online (similar to "The Animatrix" and '). The series is to be set 150 years after the ' time line, during an era of upheaval and strife in the Federation. The Romulans have used several "Omega Particle" explosions to render much of Federation space impassable by traditional Federation vessels. Many Federation worlds have been isolated and some races, including the Vulcans, have withdrawn from the Federation altogether. The series is, as yet, untitled and there has been no full confirmation. [cite web|url=|title=CBS Considering New Animated Trek Series For The Web |date=2006-12-13|accessdate=2006-12-20|] [cite web|url=|title=Star Trek: CBS Considers a New Animated Series|date=2007-01-03|accessdate=2007-10-23|]

On January 19, 2007, CBS announced that its newly-formed home entertainment unit would begin releasing the remastered episodes on HD DVD before the end of 2007. [cite web|url=|title= CBS Forms Blu-ray/HD DVD/DVD TV Unit; Classic 'Star Trek' to Lead Title Brigade| accessdate =] Though the remastered first season was released on DVD/HD-DVD hybrid discs, the latter two seasons will instead be released on DVD only in the wake of CBS's decision (and that of the industry) to abandon the HD-DVD format. [cite web |url= |title=Star Trek -Status Report, Captain! Remastered Season 2 Eps ARE Coming to DVD! |accessdate=2008-04-06|author=David Lambert |date=2008-03-21 |]

Perpetual Entertainment was also developing a MMORPG based on Star Trek called Star Trek Online; however, the licence has been sold to Cryptic Studios. IDW Publishing have also bought the rights to the comic book. [cite web| title = IDW Boldly Goes...| publisher = IGN| date =| url =| accessdate = ] The original series' characters are also featured in two volumes of manga by publishers Tokyopop.

A new movie, a prequel to the original series simply titled "Star Trek", is scheduled for release on May 8, 2009. [cite web |url= |title='Star Trek' pushed back to 2009 |accessdate=2008-04-06 |author=Pamela McClintock |date=2008-02-13 |work=Variety|publisher=Reed Elsevier, Inc] Paramount is negotiating for director J. J. Abrams, writers Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman, and producers Damon Lindelof and Bryan Burk, to return for a sequel. The film's major cast members have signed on for two sequels, which is standard practice. [cite news | author = Anthony Pascale | title = Paramount Already Thinking About Sequel To Abrams Star Trek | publisher = TrekMovie | date = 2008-04-06 | url = | accessdate=2008-06-05]

There was also an orchestral performance of the music in the series called , premiered in Toronto's Roy Thompson Hall by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra in June 2008.



*Cite book |last=Whitfield|first=Stephen PE |coauthors=Roddenberry, Gene |year=1968 |title=The Making of Star Trek|location=New York |publisher=Ballantine Books |oclc=23859
*Cite book |last=Gerrold |first=David |authorlink=David Gerrold |year=1973 |title=The Trouble with Tribbles |location=New York |publisher=Ballantine |isbn=0345234022
*Cite book |last=Gerrold |first=David |year=1984 |title=The World of Star Trek — Revised Edition|origyear=1973|publisher=Ballantine Books |edition=Bluejay Books |id=ASIN|B000JWHTXU
*Cite book |last=Lichtenberg |first=Jacqueline |coauthors=Marshak, Sondra; Winston, Joan |year=1975 |title=Star Trek Lives! |location=Toronto |publisher=Bantam Books |isbn=0552099147
*Cite book |last=Winston |first=Joan |year=1977 |title=The Making of the Trek Conventions |location=Garden City, NY |publisher=Doubleday Books/Playboy Press |isbn=0385131127
*Cite book |last=Turnbull |first=Gerry |year=1979 |title=A Star Trek Catalog |location= |publisher=Grosset & Dunlap |isbn=0441784771
*Cite book | last=Asherman | first=Allan | title=The Star Trek Compendium | location=New York | publisher=Simon & Schuster | year=1981 | isbn=0671791451
*Cite book |last=Trimble |first=Bjo |year=1983 |title=On the Good Ship Enterprise: My 15 Years with Star Trek |location= |publisher=Donning Starblaze |isbn=0898652537
*Cite book |last=Shatner |first=William |coauthors=Kreski, Chris |year=1993 |title=Star Trek Memories |location= |publisher=HarperCollins |isbn=0060177349
*Cite book |last=Shatner |first=William |coauthors=Kreski, Chris |year=1994 |title=Star Trek Movie Memories |location= |publisher=HarperCollins |isbn=0060176172
*Cite book |last=Nichols |first=Nichelle |year=1994 |title=Beyond Uhura |location= |publisher=Putnam |isbn=0679435093
*Cite book |last=Krauss |first=Lawrence M |year=1995 |title=The Physics of Star Trek |location= |publisher=Basic Books |isbn=0465005594
*Cite book |last=Ellison |first=Harlan |year=1996 |title=City on the Edge of Forever |location= |publisher=Borderlands Press |isbn=1880325020
*Cite book |last=Edited By |editor=Harrison, Taylor; Projansky, Sarah; Ono, Kent A.; Helford, Elyce Rae |year=1996 |title=Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek |location=Boulder |publisher=Westview Press |isbn=0813328993
*Cite book |last=Solow |first=Herbert F. |coauthors=Justman, Robert H. |year=1996 |title=Inside Star Trek: The Real Story |location=New York |publisher=Pocket Books |isbn=0671896288
*Cite book |last=Greenwald |first=Jeff |year=1998 |title=Future Perfect: How Star Trek Conquered Planet Earth |location= |publisher=Viking Press |isbn=0670873993
*Cite book |last=Shatner |first=William |coauthors=Kreski, Chris |year=1999 |title=Get a Life! |location=New York |publisher=Pocket Books |isbn=0671021311
*Cite book |last=Barad, Ph. D. |first=Judith |coauthors=Robertson, Ed |year=2000 |title=The Ethics of Star Trek |location= |publisher=HarperCollins |isbn=0060195304
*Cite book |last=Shatner |first=William |coauthors=Walter, Chip |year=2002 |title=I'm Working on That: A Trek from Science Fiction to Science Fact |location=New York |publisher=Pocket Books |isbn=067104737X
*Cite book |last=Sackett |first=Susan |year=2002 |title=Inside Trek: My Secret Life with Star Trek Creator Gene Roddenberry |location= |publisher=Hawk Publishing Group |isbn=1930709420
*Cite book |last=Lake |first=M.N. |year=2005 |title=Picard: The Academy Years |location= |publisher=Dragon Publishing |isbn=
*Cite book |last=McIntee |forst=David |year=2000 |title=Delta Quadrant - The Unofficial Guide to Star Trek Voyager |location= |publisher= |isbn=0753504367

External links

* [] —The Official Star Trek website

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Star-Trek — ist der übergreifende Titel für sechs Science Fiction Fernsehserien mit insgesamt 726 Episoden sowie elf Kinofilme, zahlreiche Romane, Computerspiele und andere Werke, deren Inhalte auf der 1966 von Gene Roddenberry geschaffenen Fernsehserie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Star Trek — (Deutsch: „Sternenreise“, „Reise durchs All“) ist der übergreifende Titel für sechs Science Fiction Fernsehserien mit insgesamt 726 Episoden sowie für elf Kinofilme, zahlreiche Romane, Computerspiele und andere Werke, deren Inhalte auf der 1966… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Star trek —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Star Trek (homonymie).  Logo de la série télévisée Star Trek …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek —   Im Jahre 1966 ging eine Science Fiction Serie namens Star Trek zum ersten Mal auf Sendung. Sie und die Folgeserien sowie die inzwischen neun Kinofilme sind ein einzigartiges Phänomen, das bis heute Zuschauer auf der ganzen Welt in seinen Bann… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Star Trek XI — Star Trek (film)  Cet article concerne le film de 2009. Pour le film de 1979, voir Star Trek, le film. Star Trek Titre original Star Trek Réalisation J. J. Abrams Acteurs principaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek IV — Star Trek 4 : Retour sur Terre Star Trek 4 : Retour sur Terre Titre original Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home Réalisation Leonard Nimoy Acteurs principaux William Shatner Leonard Nimoy DeForest Kelley James Doohan George Takei Walter Koenig… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek V — L Ultime Frontière Star Trek V : L Ultime Frontière Titre original Star Trek V: The Final Frontier Réalisation William Shatner Acteurs principaux William Shatner Leonard Nimoy DeForest Kelley James Doohan George Takei Walter Koenig Nichelle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star trek 3 — Star Trek III : À la recherche de Spock Star Trek III : À la recherche de Spock Titre original Star Trek III: The Search for Spock Réalisation Leonard Nimoy Acteurs principaux William Shatner Leonard Nimoy DeForest Kelley James Doohan George …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek II — La Colère de Khan Star Trek II : La Colère de Khan Titre original Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan Réalisation Nicholas Meyer Acteurs principaux William Shatner Leonard Nimoy DeForest Kelley James Doohan George Takei Walter Koenig Nichelle N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek VI — Star Trek 6 : Terre inconnue Star Trek 6 : Terre inconnue Titre original Star Trek 6 : The Undiscovered Country Réalisation Nicholas Meyer Scénario script : Nicholas Meyer Denny Martin Flinn histoire : Leonard Nimoy Lawrence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Star Trek IX — Star Trek : Insurrection Star Trek : Insurrection Titre original Star Trek: Insurrection Réalisation Jonathan Frakes Scénario Rick Berman (histoire et adaptation) Michael Piller (adaptation) Gene Roddenberry (creator) Musique Jerry Goldsmith …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”