- Bathory (band)
Infobox musical artist
Name = Bathory
Background = group_or_band
Thrash metal, black metal, viking metal
Years_active = 1983-2004
Label = Black Mark, Noise
Bathory was a Swedish heavy metal band, formed by
Quorthonin 1983. They are regarded as one of the forefathers of black metaland pioneers of Viking metal. The band is named after the infamous Hungarian countess, Elizabeth Báthory.
Early years (1980s)
Bathory was formed in Stockholm in 1983. Founder
Quorthon, a seventeen-year-old guitarist, was joined by bassist Hanoi and drummer Vans. After various name changes (beginning with Nosferatu, then Natas, Mephisto, Elizabeth Bathory and Countess Bathory) they finally settled on Bathory [http://www.angelfire.com/zine2/cosmicmetal/bathory.html] . Their first recording deal came that same year, when Quorthon managed to secure the consent of Tyfon Grammofon's boss, who was the main man's father, to record two tracks for the compilation "Scandinavian Metal Attack". The tracks which he recorded gained unexpected attention by fans.Fact|date=April 2008 Soon afterward, Tyfon Grammofon contacted Quorthon and asked him to record a full-length album.
Although Venom's "Black Metal", released in 1982, was the first record to coin the term, it was Bathory's early albums, featuring Satanic lyrics, low-fi production and an inhuman vocal style, that defined the genre. Many fans have speculated that Venom was an influence on Bathory; [http://bathory.freehosting.net/] however
Quorthonhas said in an interview with "Kick Ass" magazine in 1985 that he only heard of Venom after the first Bathory album was released. He also expressed dislike for many influential and popular heavy metal bands at the time, such as Iron Maidenand Judas Priest.Fact|date=April 2008 He has also stated that the band's early work was influenced primarily by Black Sabbath, Motörheadand Oi! punk.
Bathory's self-titled debut album, and the subsequent releases, "The Return" and "
Under the Sign of the Black Mark", are now regarded as major influences on the Norwegian bands which extended black metal's musical progression and popularity in the beginning of the 1990s.Fact|date=April 2008
The first signs of what was to follow appeared on what many fansFact|date=April 2008 consider to be Bathory's best album, "
Blood Fire Death", on which some of the tracks the pace had slowed down to allow for a more epic songwriting approach, said to be an influence on, or initiation of, the extreme metal sub-genre viking metal. It was also here that the Vikingtheme was introduced. However, most of the musical elements of black metal were still present.
Viking metal years (1990s, 2000s)
It was with the release of "
Hammerheart" that Bathory surprised many of its fans.Fact|date=April 2008 The style had now drastically changed towards less aggressive, more epic and atmospheric music; the lyrics dealt with themes about Vikings and Norse mythology. Partially influenced by the American power metalband Manowar, who were the most famous heavy metal band to incorporate elements of Epic Mythology in their music, Bathory had shifted away from their Satanic Metal roots, to become pioneers in yet another genre within the world of extreme music - that of Viking metal. The style of "Hammerheart" was further demonstrated on the subsequent "Twilight of the Gods" and " Blood on Ice".
With "Requiem", released in 1994, Bathory changed style once more, this time turning to retro-thrash in the vein of 1980s Bay area thrash bands. In recent years, many criticsFact|date=April 2008 have seen Bathory's output as increasingly erratic, as the band has returned again to Viking themes and, with the "Nordland" albums of 2002 and 2003, largely abandoned the retro-thrash sound of the mid-1990s in favour his more popular, more epic style for which he is best known.Fact|date=April 2008
Bathory have been cited as an influenceFact|date=July 2007 by musicians as diverse as
Metallica, Marilyn Manson, Cradle of Filth, Eric Hoffman and Brian Hoffman of Deicide, Black Crucifixion, Beherit, Billy Corganof The Smashing Pumpkins, Opethand Dimmu Borgir. An early member of the band was Jonas Åkerlund, the music video and film director.Fact|date=April 2008
In June 2004, Quorthon was found dead in his home, apparently due to heart failure. He was known to suffer from heart problems in the past.
On June 3, 2006, Black Mark Records released a box set in tribute to
Quorthoncontaining three CDs of his favorite Bathory and Quorthon songs, a 176 page booklet, a DVD with his long-form video for " One Rode to Asa Bay", an interview and some rare promo footage, and a poster.
Several Bathory tribute albums have been compiled by black metal artists, one of which was entitled "In Conspiracy with Satan: A Tribute to Bathory".
In an interview Quorthon stated that he wasn't conscripted for Sweden's army because of his long hair.
*"The Return of Darkness and Evil" (1985)
Under the Sign of the Black Mark" (1987)
Blood Fire Death" (1988)
*"Twilight of the Gods" (1991)
Blood on Ice" (1996)
Destroyer of Worlds" (2001)
Nordland I" (2002)
Nordland II" (2003)
Jubileum Volume I" (1992)
Jubileum Volume II" (1993)
Jubileum Volume III" (1998)
In Memory of Quorthon" (2006)
One Rode to Asa Bay" (1990)
Quorthon(Ace Thomas Forsberg) - guitars, vocals, music and lyrics (1983-2004)
* Freddan (Fredrick Hanoi) - bass guitar (1983-1984)
Jonas Åkerlund(Vans McBurger) - drums (1983-1984)
Vvornth- drums (1989-1991)
Kothaar- bass guitar (1989-1991)
* The Animal (Björn Kristensen) - vocals (1983)
* [http://www.blackmark.net Black Mark Records - Bathory's Record Label]
* [http://netmusicdatabase.com/component/option,com_artisthome/Itemid,36/id,120/artist,Bathory/ Bathory on The Internet Music Database]
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