Obligatory Bahá'í prayers

Obligatory Bahá'í prayers

Bahá'í Faith
Bahai star.svg

Central figures

The Báb · `Abdu'l-Bahá

Key scripture
Kitáb-i-Aqdas · Kitáb-i-Íqán

The Hidden Words
The Seven Valleys


Administrative Order
The Guardianship
Universal House of Justice
Spiritual Assemblies


Bahá'í history · Timeline
Bábís · Shaykh Ahmad

Notable individuals

Shoghi Effendi
Martha Root · Táhirih
Badí‘ · Apostles
Hands of the Cause

See also

Symbols · Laws
Teachings · Texts
Calendar · Divisions
Pilgrimage · Prayer

Index of Bahá'í Articles
This box: view · talk · edit

Obligatory Bahá'í prayers are prayers which are to be said daily by Bahá'ís according to a fixed form decreed by Bahá'u'lláh. Prayers in the Bahá'í Faith are reverent words which are addressed to God,[1] and refers to two distinct concepts: obligatory prayer and devotional prayer (general prayer). The act of prayer is one of the most important Bahá'í laws for individual discipline.[2]. Along with fasting, obligatory prayer is one of the greatest obligations of a Bahá'í,[2] and the purpose of the obligatory prayer is to foster the development of humility and devotion. The obligation of daily obligatory prayer was prescribed by Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, in his book of laws, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas.[1]

It is forbidden to perform the obligatory prayers in congregation, so the daily obligatory prayers are offered individually, though it is not required that they be said in private.[1]



The obligatory prayer is a primary religious obligation starting at the age of fifteen and it is the most important kind of prayer.[1][3] The purpose of the obligatory prayer is to foster the development of humility and devotion, and the Bahá'í writings strongly warn against neglecting the prayers or minimizing their importance. The obligatory prayers are a personal spiritual obligation, and failure to observe the law is seen to have a spiritual penalty.[1]


In the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Bahá'u'lláh prescribed the Bahá'í law of a daily obligatory prayer which is to be said individually (though not necessarily in private)[1]; he wrote that the specific obligatory prayer was recorded in a separate tablet or writing. Bahá'u'lláh wrote the text mentioned, but never released it in order to avoid provoking conflict with the surrounding Muslims. Instead, sometime before the writing of the supplement to the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, the Questions and Answers, Bahá'u'lláh wrote a set of three obligatory prayers which are the ones used by Bahá'ís today. The original obligatory prayer involved nine cycles of movement and was to be said in the morning, noon and in the afternoon. After Bahá'u'lláh's death a strongbox holding the text of the original obligatory prayer was stolen by Mírzá Muhammad `Alí.[1]

Current prayers

Baha'is may use prayer beads which consist of either 95 or 19 beads to recite daily prayers if they wish to repeat them, as well as other observances which are to be said a set number of times.[4]

Unlike general prayers in the Bahá'í Faith, there are specific regulations concerning the obligatory prayers; however, obligatory prayer is a personal spiritual obligation and thus no Bahá'í administrative sanction can be obtained if a Bahá'í fails to say his prayer daily.[1]

Bahá'u'lláh wrote three obligatory prayers — the short, the medium and the long — and Bahá'ís are free to choose to say one of the three each day. The short and the medium prayer have to be said at specific times; the short has to be said once between noon and sunset and the medium has to be said three times daily: once between dawn and noon, once between noon and sunset and once between sunset and two hours after sunset.[3] The long prayer can be said at any time in the day. The medium and long prayers also include movements and gestures during the prayers, which are themselves obligatory except when a person is physically incapable of performing them. Shoghi Effendi has written that the motions and gestures are symbolic are used to help concentration during the prayers.[1] Furthermore, the obligatory prayer is to be preceded by ablutions, the cleaning of the hands and face, and one has to face the Qiblih, which is the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh.[3]

Short prayer

The short prayer is a brief affirmation of the power of God and the servitude of the worshipper. The prayer should be said while standing in an attitude of humility before God, and it should be said between noon and sunset.[1] The text of the prayer is:

"I bear witness, O my God, that Thou hast created me to know Thee and to worship Thee. I testify, at this moment, to my powerlessness and to Thy might, to my poverty and to Thy wealth. There is none other God but Thee, the Help in Peril, the Self-Subsisting."[5]

Medium prayer

The medium obligatory prayer must be said three times during the day: once between sunrise and noon, once between noon and sunset, and once after sunset till two hours after sunset. It includes a series of positions and movements from one position to the next, along with specific supplications. The prayer stresses the power and loftiness of God, and the grace that is shown through his revelation.[1] The text of the medium obligatory prayer can be found in Bahá'u'lláh's Prayers and Meditations.[6]

Long prayer

The long obligatory prayer can be said anytime during the day. It includes a series of positions and movements from one position to the next, along with specific supplications. The prayer also includes parts where says the Greatest Name of God in the form of "Allah-u-Abha" at several points.[1] About this prayer, Bahá'u'lláh has stated: "...the long Obligatory Prayer should be said at those times when one feeleth himself in a prayerful mood. In truth, it hath been revealed in such wise that if it be recited to a rock, that rock would stir and speak forth; and if it be recited to a mountain, that mountain would move and flow. Well is it with the one who reciteth it and fulfilleth God's precepts. Whichever prayer is read will suffice."[7] The text of the long obligatory prayer can be found in Bahá'u'lláh's Prayers and Meditations.[8]


There are a number of laws and practices associated with the obligatory prayers concerning how to say the obligatory prayer, when Bahá'ís are exempt from saying the obligatory prayers, and what to do if one misses saying an obligatory prayer.


There are certain practices that must be associated with the saying of the obligatory prayers. They include performing ablution, which consist of washing the hands and face, before the obligatory prayer. In the case that water is unavailable, or its use harmful to the face or hands, the verse "In the Name of God, the Most Pure, the Most Pure" should be repeated five times. The prayer should be said while the reader is facing the Qiblih which is the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh. It is also preferable for the reader to be standing while saying the obligatory prayers in an attitude of humble reverence. Bahá'í's are also obliged to repeat the Greatest Name (Alláh-u-Abhá) 95 times a day while sitting and facing the Qiblih. Ablutions are also prescribed for this, but it is not necessary to do them again if the repetitions are done right after the daily obligatory prayer.


Exemptions from saying the obligatory prayer include:[3]

  • Children under the age of 15.
  • Those that are of ill-health.
  • Those that are older than 70.
  • Women who are menstruating are exempt from saying their obligatory prayer. They should instead perform their ablutions and repeat the verse "Glorified be God, the Lord of Splendour and Beauty" ninety-five times.

Missed prayers

In the case of a missed prayer due to insecurity such as during travel, each missed prayer can be compensated for by the repetition of certain verses and movements.[3] The person should perform a single prostration (laying the forehead on any clean surface) in the place of each unsaid obligatory prayer and the prostrations should be performed while saying the verse "Glorified be God,the Lord of Might and Majesty, of Grace and Bounty." The prostrations should then be followed by saying the verse "Glorified be God, the Lord of the kingdoms of earth and heaven" eighteen times while the person is sitting cross-legged.[1]

Obligatory prayer for the departed

Bahá'u'lláh also wrote a specific prayer for the dead, known as the Obligatory prayer for the departed, which is an unrelated practice, despite the similarity in terminology. This prayer is to be said before the interment of a Bahá'í who has reached the age of fifteen. It is a congregational prayer: the words are read aloud by a single person while others who are present stand in silence.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Walbridge, John. "Prayer and worship". http://bahai-library.com/walbridge_encyclopedia_prayer_worship. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  2. ^ a b Hatcher, W.S.; & Martin, J.D. (1998). The Bahá'í Faith: The Emerging Global Religion. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. pp. 156–157. ISBN 0877432643. http://books.google.com/books?id=IZmkG1ASirgC. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Peter (2000). "prayer". A concise encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. pp. 274–275. ISBN 1-85168-184-1. 
  4. ^ Prayer: the pinnacle of faith, Baha'i style July 2008
  5. ^ Bahá'u'lláh (1974) [1938]. Prayers and Meditations. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. p. 313. ISBN 0877430241. http://reference.bahai.org/en/t/b/PM/pm-181.html. 
  6. ^ Bahá'u'lláh (1974) [1938]. Prayers and Meditations. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. pp. 314–316. ISBN 0877430241. http://reference.bahai.org/en/t/b/PM/pm-182.html. 
  7. ^ The Importance of Obligatory Prayer and Fasting - a compilation from the Bahá'í writings, compiled by the Research Department of the Universal House of Justice
  8. ^ Bahá'u'lláh (1974) [1938]. Prayers and Meditations. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. pp. 317–323. ISBN 0877430241. http://reference.bahai.org/en/t/b/PM/pm-183.html. 


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bahá'í Faith in Norway — The Bahá í Faith in Norway began with contact between traveling Scandinavians with early Persian believers of the Bahá í Faith in the mid to late 1800 s.cite web coauthors = National Spiritual Assembly of Norway title = Skandinavisk bahá í… …   Wikipedia

  • Prayer in the Bahá'í Faith — is composed of reverent words which are addressed to God,cite web | first = John | last = Walbridge | title = Prayer and worship | url = http://bahai library.com/encyclopedia/prayer.html | accessdate = 2008 04 27] and the act of prayer is one of… …   Wikipedia

  • Bahá'í laws — are laws and ordinances used in the Bahá í Faith, according to the instructions of the Bahá u lláh as written in the Kitáb i Aqdas his book of laws. This text as well as Bahá u lláh s other texts, subsequent interpretations of Abdu l Bahá, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bahá'í marriage — is union of a man and a woman. Its purpose is mainly spiritual and is to foster harmony, fellowship and unity between the two partners. The Bahá í teachings on marriage call it a fortress for well being and salvation and place marriage and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bahá'í Faith — This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. For other related uses, see Bahai (disambiguation). Seat of the Universal House of Justice, governing body of the Bahá ís, in Haifa, Israel …   Wikipedia

  • Faith in the Bahá'í Faith — Like most religions, the Bahá í Faith holds that having a strong belief, a personal faith, is crucial to a spiritual life. The religion specifically relates how the abilities to know the truth are related to the overall goal of developing a… …   Wikipedia

  • Universal Sufi Prayers —   Part of a series of articles on Universal Sufism Figures …   Wikipedia

  • Kitáb-i-Aqdas — Texts Scriptures of the Bahá í Faith From The Báb …   Wikipedia

  • Islam — Islamic /is lam ik, lah mik, iz /, Islamitic /is leuh mit ik, iz /, adj. /is lahm , iz , is leuhm, iz /, n. 1. the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the… …   Universalium

  • Nineteen Day Feast — Bahá í Faith Central figures Bahá u lláh The Báb · Abdu l Bahá Key scriptur …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”