List of creatures in the Half-Life series

List of creatures in the Half-Life series

The following is a list of creatures from the "Half-Life" universe.

Creatures from Xen

Xen is where the majority of the aliens in Valve's "Half-Life" series originate.



The Gargantua, nicknamed "Garg", is mostly blue in color, has a crocodile-like head, a thick back plating which resembles an armadillo, and has one yellow eye that glows red when it perceives a hostile unit. In place of hands, it has two claw-like appendages which can be opened to emit jets of intense heat. These claw weapons are designed to open vertically, not horizontally. Though the flamethrower weapon is short-ranged, it is still effective, known to blow up machinery, as in "". Gargantuas can make loud roars that can damage structures. An example of the loud roars is in "Uplink", near the ending sequence before the player gets trapped, the creature's loud roar made a vent collapse and the player is forced to go through and the next roar causes the vent to fall on to the platform the player gets stuck at in the start of the ending sequence. It can also send a shockwave towards its opponents by powerfully stomping the ground. This shockwave, which appears as a red dot that shoots red sparks behind it, increases in speed as it travels and can traverse vertical structures. The Gargantua moves fast and is very strong: it can smash or toss large obstacles from its path with ease. Gargantuas are very determined pursuers, and wait patiently for their target to come out of an area they cannot reach for a considerable amount of time before moving on to do something else.

Gargantuas can be found on Xen, though their true origin is unknown. They share some physical characteristics with Vortigaunts, such as their backwards-jointed legs and hoofed feet. However, each Vortigaunt has three arms (two at the shoulders and one jutting from the chest) while the Gargantua has four arms (two at the shoulder position and two spiked arms at the abdomen).

Gargantuas can be seen in "Half-Life" in the chapters "Power Up", "Surface Tension", "Interloper", and "Nihilanth". In the ' expansion, a Gargantua can be seen in the chapter "Foxtrot Uniform" tied up on top of the hydroelectric dam, while marines and Race X Shock Troopers fight around and against it. A Gargantua also appears during the final sequence of the "Half-Life" demo, ', where it kills several Black Mesa personnel before slowly heading towards the cornered player, at which point the demo ends.

"Half-Life 2"

In "", an early script for the beginning of "Half-Life 2" mentions that "something that resembles the old Gargantua" was going to be seen from the train ride in the opening scene of the game. However, this introduction scene was heavily cut down throughout development, and the Gargantua is not in the final game.


The Nihilanth is the primary antagonist and the final boss in "Half-Life". In the game, the Nihilanth is the controlling intelligence behind the invasion of Earth. Hovering silently in an enormous cavern, it has been commanding the forces of Xen and holding open a dimensional rift connecting Xen to Earth, enabling its creatures to attack.

Physical attributes

Physically, the Nihilanth resembles a gigantic, oddly-proportioned fetus with its head bigger than the rest of the body, and its brain cavity forming most of the head's bulk. Its legs, minuscule in relation to its body, appear either to be vestigial or the remains of amputation. The creature sits on a large mechanical levitating contraption consisting of a large base with spikes underneath. Like the rest of the intelligent Xen races, the Nihilanth has a third appendage protruding from the middle of its pectoral chest region. Its unusually long arms end in disproportionately huge hands and fingers, and it wears metallic wristbands, which look similar to bands worn by the Vortigaunts.

Attack methods

The Nihilanth attacks by launching energy balls, which come in two types: a swarm of purple-colored electrical orbs that causes immense damage, and a slow-moving, green-colored orb (similar in appearance to the teleportation portals constructed in the Black Mesa Research Facility) which homes in on and teleports its target to other sections of its lair populated by Xen aliens. It also uses these green orbs to teleport Vortigaunts and other Xen creatures into its main chamber to help defend it against intruders. A series of gold-colored "energy spheres" orbit around the Nihilanth's head, rendering it impervious to damage. These are consumed as the Nihilanth suffers damage from the player, but crystals resembling the one at the start of the game within the upper portion of its chamber replenish the spheres as they vanish.


*Gordon Freeman was tasked with killing the Nihilanth because it was the only force holding the dimensional rift open after the satellite delivery rocket was used by the Black Mesa Lambda Labs to reverse the resonance cascade. It is believed that the Nihilanth's death triggered the portal storms, and Marc Laidlaw, one of the writers of "Half-Life", has said that they continue to the present day. [cite web|url=| - Info received from Valve|author=Laidlaw, Marc|date=2005-09-06|accessdate=2008-01-04|quote=Those things came through during the portal storms, which continueerratically to this very day.]
*The material that makes up the crystals protecting the Nihilanth is the same as the crystal sample Gordon Freeman placed into the anti-mass spectrometer, triggering the resonance cascade in Black Mesa and portal storms across Earth. This is clarified in the expansion ', although never made completely obvious. In ', the player is required to align a teleportation signal located on the planet Xen, which uses a crystal similar in size to the ones in Nihilanth's chamber. Multitudes of smaller crystals, found in groupings of two or three, can be found in random places on all Xen levels. A similar crystal can also be seen in "Half-Life 2" in Eli's lab, housed in a small analogue of Black Mesa's anti-mass spectrometer that can simulate a small resonance cascade. In "", it is revealed that the crystal Gordon pushed into the anti-mass spectrometer (thus putting the whole "Half-Life" series storyline into motion) was delivered to the Black Mesa complex by the G-Man.


A Gonarch is one of the creatures from Xen; only a single Gonarch is encountered by Gordon Freeman during the game. It is located within a chapter named "Gonarch's Lair" set in the border world Xen, and acts as a boss in a protracted battle that takes place in the closing stages of the game.


Little is known about a Gonarch's life cycle. A Gonarch is the last stage of a female headcrab's life and, like most Earth non-human organisms with a high mortality rate, few female headcrabs reach this stage. While appearing very similar to a headcrab's anatomy, there are a few differences. Gonarchs are supported by four razor sharp limbs.

Entering a Gonarch's lair results in immediate attack. They attack by charging at their victim, then attempting to puncture them with their massive legs. They also have something of a ranged attack, by forcing yellowish balls of acidic material from the top of their shells, which they hurl through the air like mortars, raining down upon the victim. With all their traits combined, Gonarchs prove to be skilled at defending themselves and their young, and are one of the toughest enemies Gordon faces in Xen. Upon death, a Gonarch explodes violently.


Within Valve, the creature is known as "Big Momma" (cf. its model name, big_mom.mdl), a name given to it early on by staff developing "Half-Life".Fact|date=August 2008 The word "gonad", from the resemblance of the large sac that hangs beneath the Gonarch to a scrotum. In the book "Half-Life 2: Raising the Bar", in which the following appears:

"Half-Life 2"

While the Gonarch is not encountered in "Half-Life 2", an amputated part of it exists as an unused model file in the leak version of "Half-Life 2". This amputated part, essentially nothing but the sac that hangs beneath the Gonarch's body, is covered by many metallic supports. []


Bullsquids are bipedal, highly aggressive creatures that appear throughout the Black Mesa Research Facility due to a dimensional rift. Bullsquids appear to be able to survive, if not thrive, in environments that are unfriendly or even toxic to humans, including sewers and pools of radioactive, chemical, or biological waste. In Xen, which is from where they came (but to which they are not native), Bullsquids are sometimes found near pools of an unknown liquid that has healing properties to humans.

Physical description

The body of a Bullsquid is vaguely similar in appearance to that of a small theropod, with two short, muscular legs and a thick tail that tapers to a point. The thorax abruptly joins the creature's head with no neck or other visible separation. A typical specimen stands roughly one metre tall and about two metres in length. Two slit-pupiled eyes are mounted on either side of its head.

The Bullsquid's most striking feature, however, is the collection of bright red, tentacular protrusions which surround its mouth and allow it to grasp prey. The Bullsquid can also charge an opponent with surprising speed and force.

The Bullsquid's skin is a sandy brown covered on its upper surfaces with dark spots. The tail features a pair of prominent, outlined spots, one on either side, that are noticeably different than the dark spots on its back.

Bullsquids display a very territorial disposition, as they have often been seen attacking other creatures and even members of their own species. They viciously attacked Headcrabs in "Half-Life", usually not stopping until all Headcrabs in the vicinity had been eliminated.

HD Pack/PlayStation 2 remake differences

The Half-Life High Definition Pack version and the PlayStation 2 remake version of the bullsquid features a few key physical differences from the original version.

*The tail has a hooked claw at its tip.

*Each tentacle surrounding the Bullsquid's mouth ends in a distinct sharp claw or perhaps more appropriately, "tooth", based on their white coloration.

*The prominent "eyespots" on the either side of the tail are missing.

*The eyes are black and glossy as opposed to white and relatively dull on the original version.

Offensive abilities

The bullsquid has an array of offensive capabilities: At close range, a hostile bullsquid will either maul its victim with its teeth, or suddenly spin around, delivering a powerful strike with its tail, often causing a gibbing. Additionally, the bullsquid is able to "spit" a toxic, bile-colored substance from its mouth. While not overly accurate or fast, it causes moderate damage, even at long range.

"Half-Life 2"

While not in "Half-Life 2" itself, the book "Raising the Bar" explains the creatures were, at least, going to be visible or mentioned during it. Dr. Eli Vance's lost leg was to be explained as a result of a bullsquid attack, and one of the scenes during a plot-reveal scene would have shown bullsquids frolicking outside a supermarket.


The Houndeye, or Sound Dog, is one of the alien species which appears in Black Mesa following the opening of a portal to Xen, and has an appropriately alien appearance. Possessing three legs and only a thorax, the Houndeye is a faint yellow-green in colour, with electric blue tiger-like stripes adorning the spine of the animal. In place of a head there is a large, black, compound eye that is protected by sideways-blinking eyelids. They apparently communicate through a series of high-pitched sounds somewhat similar to the barking of dogs.

The Houndeye is an example of a social animal in terms of pack hunting. While a shy and timid creature by itself, groups of three or more creatures display resonant behaviour, emitting destructive harmonics capable of injuring those they attack. This behaviour came about through Valve's original plan of Houndeyes being neutral or even friendly towards the player, until they realised playtesters shot them down regardless and dropped the idea.

Although they are not seen displaying this trait often, Houndeyes appear to be carnivorous creatures, as one is seen eating a dead security guard in "Half-Life: Blue Shift". A Houndeye's mouth is located on the underside of its belly, close to the eye, filled with what appears to be fang-like incisors.

The Houndeye is the only remnant of a type of creature that was to be more common in "Half-Life". Originally there was to be a "Panthereye" creature, similar to but stronger than the Houndeye.

According to the book "Half-Life 2: Raising the Bar", Houndeyes were one of the enemy types in the early "Half-Life 2", first seen by the player on an old projector slide in which they and Bullsquids terrorized an American suburb. The texture for the Houndeye's compound eye was to shine and could reflect its surroundings. Houndeyes could also work in herds, led by a dominant Houndeye, and had faster movement speeds.


A Chumtoad is a toad-like Xen creature; it was originally designed for the first game of the series, "Half-Life", but not included in any official game until one cameo appearance in ' and two in '. It has not appeared in any official game since.


Chumtoads are small, amphibious creatures found on Xen. Similar in morphology to Earth's toads, they are very low on the Xen food chain – serving as the favorite prey of many Xen creatures. Chumtoads have a bright purple colouration, and a single red, catlike eye, spiked backs, and long, blue tongues.

Unlike most Xen creatures, Chumtoads are not inherently dangerous to humans. They tend to lounge on rocks until threatened, at which point they can teleport, vanishing in a puff of purple energy.

Chumtoads maneuver with short, quick hops, and can swim and leap to great heights if startled.

Habitat/"Chumtoad's Lair"

To date, only one environment containing Chumtoads has been discovered in a "Half-Life" game. Its location is in the chapter "Focal Point" of "Half-Life: Blue Shift". After arriving on Xen, Barney Calhoun enters a series of cramped, narrow tunnels full of headcrabs. Nearing the exit of this maze, he passes through a large cavern with a deep pool at its centre.

At the bottom of this pool, between a boulder and three Xen plants, a small crack in the wall of the cave can be seen emitting bubbles of air. After widening this hole, the player can enter a small air pocket in a cave where the title "Chumtoad's Lair" appears on the screen. In the lair, three Chumtoads sit among Xen plants and snark nests, illuminated by Xen crystals. The creatures later vanish when approached.


The original role of the Chumtoad in "Half-Life" was as bait that a player could use to lure or distract enemy aliens. The bait idea was never developed, and the Chumtoad was eventually cut from the game.

The unused model, however, was included in the game's files and fully coded as an item. Instead of bait, this version served as a weapon. Normally docile until picked up, the Chumtoad would begin attacking anything that strayed too close – including the player or allied NPCs if no other targets were available. This AI was implemented in the final game as the behaviour of Snarks.

The source files for the Chumtoad are included in the "Half-Life" SDK, where it is referred to as a "Chubtoad". According to the textures provided, the Chumtoad was once planned to have six eyes instead of one, and would have had green, orange, and blue-colored variations.


Barnacles are scavengers that hang on the ceiling and drop down a very long, highly adhesive tongue. When something gets caught on their tongue, they retract it, in an attempt to eat it. If the object is edible, they consume it. If not, they drop it and await new prey. Barnacles appear in "Half-Life" and "Half-Life 2".

Race X

Race X is a hostile, non-Xen alien race. They appear only in the "" expansion pack, and very little is revealed about them. Race X aliens appear late in the timeline of "Half-Life", a few hours before Gordon Freeman teleports to Xen.


Pit Drone

Pit Drones are the second type of Race X aliens encountered in the game. They are short bipedal creatures with yellowish-tan skin and a small head with rows of sharp spines.

A Pit Drone's arms end in long, scythe-like claws, which it can use to make vicious attacks. Fast and fairly intelligent, they tend to appear in groups of five or six, and are capable of making flanking movements and quickly surrounding their prey. They have two forms of attack: firing their head-spines like darts through acid jets when at long range, or charging towards the target to deliver a deadly slash with their claws. Some Pit Drones appear not to be capable of the head spine attack and, on closer inspection, have no spines in their head. It is notable that when Pit Drones are first encountered, they create light thumping footsteps while dashing through a long vent grate above a garage area.

hock Trooper

Shock Troopers are the first encountered and most intelligent of the Race X aliens. Physically, they are humanoid with four arms and have a posture that makes them vaguely resemble Vortigaunts. They also closely resemble the biomechanical constructs from Robotech: The Sentinels. Their bodies are covered in plate-like sections, similar in appearance to insect exoskeletons. Their skin is pale blue, and is not mottled or patchy like the skin of Xen creatures. They have a single large eye, whereas Vortigaunts have six. This eye is apparently part of a common morphology between Race X creatures - every Race X alien with a large eye (including the Pit Worm) has two eyelids which regularly blink horizontally across the eyeball and what appears to be "tentacles" surrounding their mouth (which is under the head).

Their primary weapon is the Shock Roach; a living creature, similar to the Alien Grunts' hive-hand. The Shock Roach fires bolts of electricity, which it constantly recharges on its own. The Shock Roach cannot survive without a living host for very long; if its Shock Trooper dies, it will detach itself and pursue a new host. If it nears a player that already has a Shock Roach, it will attack before dying.

Shock Troopers also have the ability to regurgitate and throw spore grenades, which they tend to use against distant or concealed enemies; they also have a very lethal melee attack that is capable of tearing Shephard to pieces by scratching him with their arms. This 3rd attack is only used when approached toe to toe. Infant Shock Troopers will forcibly launch the same type of spore grenade when squeezed, and can thus be used as a Spore Launcher weapon. In one of the Spore Launcher's idle animations in "Opposing Force", it emits an amphibious purr, at which point Adrian Shephard strokes the top of it back and forth as if it was his "pet".

Baby Shock Troopers are effectively tadpoles, an earlier stage that is only a head and torso, with tentacles trailing behind. Beyond the small size and lack of limbs, Baby Shock Troopers also have gills and two small eyes instead of the adults' single large one. They are amphibious, although immobile outside water. Baby Shock Troopers are first found in a tank in the Sector E Biodome Complex of Black Mesa.

Shock Troopers are usually encountered in small groups, and fight together with other Race X aliens. Shock Troopers have a verbal form of communication.

Shock Troopers use teleportation technology to travel in and out of combat. They also control the teleportation of Pit Drones and Voltigores.


Voltigores are gigantic, lumbering creatures serving as the race's heavy support infantry. Voltigores have four legs and two arms that end in scythe-like claws, and are distinguished by purple stripes on their bloated carapace similar to those on a houndeye, though in a different color. These aggressive creatures use their innate ability to harness electrical charges to create a devastating ranged energy ball attack, bearing vague similarity to the Vortigaunt's green energy stream, although the Voltigore's energy attack is purple, an avoidable projectile and is more powerful. At close range, they attack viciously with their claws. A player can recognize a Voltigore from afar by the unusual, electric-sounding bellows of the creature. When a Voltigore dies, its carapace explodes, causing massive damage to nearby creatures.

Baby Voltigores appear later in the game. They are smaller, weaker, lighter in color, and use the energy attack in a lighter way.

Pit Worm

Encountered in a sewage processing area in the lower levels of Black Mesa, the Pit Worm resembles an enormous caterpillar. Its segmented body supports a head dominated by a single large eye. This eye is the pit worm's primary weapon, capable of firing a searing energy beam at nearby enemies. If enemies get too close, the worm also has large claws to strike out with. If the worm is shot in the eye, it will recoil, shielding it with its claws for a few seconds before striking aggressively at the player.

The pit worm obstacle is similar-but slightly shorter-to the tentacle sequence from "Half-Life", in that the player cannot simply use his weapons to defeat the creature, but must use the surrounding environment. The process of destroying the pit worm requires the player to dissolve it by turning a valve and activating a gearbox, dumping toxic waste onto it.

Gene Worm

The Gene Worm is the final boss of "". This life form is the equivalent of a "biological resource management factory."cite book|author=Junio, Kristy|year=1999|title=Half-Life Opposing Force: Prima's Official Strategy Guide|publisher=Prima Games|id=ISBN 0-7615-2590-4] It is capable of taking any of Earth's natural resources and assimilating them to make them useful to the aliens' needs. If one fully entered Earth and became productive, it would effectively alter the planet enough to become useful as a new homeworld for Race X.

Physically, the creature resembles a green, worm-like creature with many tentacles, with a beak-like protrusion similar in both shape and position to that of the Xen tentacle. The Gene Worm attacks with its tentacles and also ejects a deadly chemical stream from its mouth. Its outer hide is impervious to damage; in order to kill it, the player must blind the creature by shooting both its eyes with the mounted laser guns on either side of the worm. This causes it to summon reinforcements by opening its abdominal cavity, revealing a portal orb that a Shock Trooper will teleport through.

The Gene Worm is found deep underground in a seemingly abandoned industrial area of Black Mesa, and appears through a portal opening in a room there. The room itself has been fitted with mounted weapons which are powered by Xen energy crystals. The player character, Adrian Shephard, is sent down to the portal by a Black Mesa security guard, who remarks "Some of your buddies went down earlier, and I haven't seen 'em since."


Taking on the appearance of what looks like a flying ball of light, Sprites are creatures that can be seen floating through the facility several times during the game, becoming more frequent in later stages of the incident. However, they cannot be harmed and do not hurt the player in any way. On occasions they even seem to be guiding Adrian. In the scenario where the Gargantua is trapped on the Sector G hydroelectric dam, sprites fly into a portal nearby which the G-Man then steps through. They eventually all lead to a massive violet portal that brings the Gene Worm in. At the time Gordon Freeman pushes the Xen crystal into the Anti-Mass Spectrometer, many Sprites fly towards and away from the resonance cascade, the former of which also happens when the portal to Xen in the Lambda reactor core is fully opened.


Antlions are bugs from Xen, and first appear in "Half-Life 2". Antlions are similar to ants in their "hive" behavior. All types of Antlions are found in the Nest in "Half-Life 2: Episode Two". Here are the types of Antlions that appear in the games:


Antlions are yellow striped creatures that were discovered in beaches along the coast near City 17. Regular Antlions are not much of a threat alone, but endanger the player when in groups. Antlions appear to posess some intelligence in that they are the only non-human enemy that will actively try to flank or surround the player. In the chapter Sandtraps, it is discovered that, if the player steps on the sand, it "drives the Antlions crazy" and makes them surface and attack. After the player kills the first Antlion Guard he or she fights, a Vortigaunt comes and removes the Antlion's Pheropod, informally known as Bugbait. The player can use the Bugbait to call on the Antlions as allies, as they are attracted to the pheromones, and no longer see the player as a threat. In "Half-Life 2: Episode One", Antlions come into City 17 because the Combine Defense field was destroyed. Antlions come through burrows like in the level Nova Prospekt.

Antlion Guard

Antlion guards are among one of the most feared creatures and the most powerful in the Half-Life universe. Their aggression surpasses that of the regular Antlion. They are larger and more armored, and faster then the regular Antlion itself. Antlion guards prefer to charge at the player, and will attempt to headbutt the player. They are also able to throw physics objects like zombies can.

A large part of "Episode Two" is spent running from a version of the Guard. See "Antlion Guardian" for details.

Antlion Grub

Antlion Grubs are small, worm-like creatures that usually reside in Antlion nests in "Half-Life 2: Episode Two". They affix themselves to walls, ceilings or floors and do not move. Grubs are very weak, and they cannot attack. They are easily killed with one bullet, or even by being stepped on. When killed, they drop small yellow "grub nuggets" that restore a small bit of health on the player.

It is an achievement in "Half Life 2: Episode Two" to kill every Antlion grub in the game.

Antlion Worker

Antlion Workers or Acidlions are luminescent types of Antlions, though they are stronger, spit acid, and resemble termites. They also are somewhat more defensive in their attack strategy: they will stay at range and retreat when advanced upon, and are capable of flanking the player or leading the player into traps. Antlion Workers are usually found in the Antlion Nest in "Half-Life 2: Episode Two". Like all Antlions, Workers also hate thumpers. Usually the Antlion Workers are the ones guarding the Grubs.

Antlion Guardian

Antlion Guardians are similar to the Antlion Guard, but are green and have a poison attack when underground. The Guardian guards the path to the Extract, which is used by the vortigaunts to heal Alyx Vance after she is wounded by a Hunter.


*cite book|author=Hodgson, David|year=2004|title=Half-Life 2: Raising the Bar|publisher=Prima Games|id=ISBN 0-7615-4364-3

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