- Fort Drum
Infobox Military Structure
location=Watertown, New York
caption=Sniper training at Fort Drum
garrison=10th Mountain Division
official_name = Fort Drum, New York
settlement_type = CDP
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Jefferson
area_total_km2 = 65.7
area_land_km2 = 65.4
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 25.4
area_land_sq_mi = 25.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 12123
population_density_km2 = 185.3
population_density_sq_mi = 479.8
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 44 |latm = 2 |lats = 17 |latNS = N
longd = 75 |longm = 45 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
Fort Drum is a
census-designated placeand U.S. Army military reservation in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 12,123 at the 2000 census. It is home to the 10th Mountain Division.
Fort Drum consists of 107,265 acres (434 km²). Its mission includes command of active component units assigned to the installation, provide administrative and logistical support to tenant units, support to tenant units, support to active and reserve units from all services in training at Fort Drum, and planning and support for the mobilization and training of almost 80,000 troops annually.
Fort Drum has been used as a military training site since 1908; however, the Army's presence in the North Country may be traced back to the early 1800s.
In 1809 a company of infantry soldiers was stationed at
Sackett's Harborto enforce the Embargo Actand control smuggling between northern New Yorkand Canada. Following the outbreak of the War of 1812, Sackets Harbor became the center of United States Naval and military activity for the Upper St. Lawrence Rivervalley and Lake Ontario.
During the 1830s and 1840s, the
Lower Canada Rebellionin Canada prompted a new round of military preparations and Madison Barracks became the home of artillery units.
Brigadier General Frederick Dent Grant, son of General Ulysses S. Grant, was sent there with 2,000 regulars and 8,000 militia. He found Pine Plains to be an ideal place to train troops. The following year money was allocated to purchase the land and summer training continued here through the years.
The camp's first introduction to the national spotlight came in 1935 when the largest peacetime maneuvers were held on Pine Plains and surrounding farm lands. Approximately 36,500 soldiers came from throughout the Northeast to take part in the exercise. Some soldiers traveled by trains which arrived in town every 15 minutes, coming from as far away as
Buffalo, New Yorkand New York City. For 36 hours, young men from offices, factories, and farms marched, attacked and defended in tactical exercises on the 100 square miles (259 km2) the Army had leased for its war games. The maneuvers were judged to be most successful and the War Department purchased another 9,000 acres (36 km²) of land.
World War II expansion
With the outbreak of
World War II, the area now known as Pine Camp was selected for a major expansion and an additional 75,000 acres (304 km²) of land was purchased. With that purchase, 525 local families were displaced. Five entire villages were eliminated, while others were reduced from one-third to one-half their size.
Labor Day, 1941, 100 tracts of land were taken over. Three thousand buildings, including 24 schools, 6 churches and a post office were abandoned. Contractors then went to work, and in a period of 10 months at a cost of $20 million, an entire city was built to house the divisions scheduled to train here.
Eight hundred buildings were constructed; 240 barracks, 84 mess halls, 86 storehouses, 58 warehouses, 27 officers' quarters, 22 headquarters buildings, and 99 recreational buildings as well as guardhouses and a hospital. Construction workers paid the price, as the winter of 1941-42 was one of the coldest in North Country history.
The three divisions to train at Pine Camp included the 4th Armored Division (Gen.
Creighton Abramswas a battalion commander there at the time), the 45th Infantry Division (United States)and the 5th Armored Division.
Permanent Training Site
Pine Camp became Camp Drum in 1951, named after Lt. Gen.
Hugh A. Drumwho commanded the First United States Armyduring World War II. During and after the Korean Conflict a number of units were stationed and trained here to take advantage of the terrain and climate.
The post was designated Fort Drum in 1974 and a permanent garrison was assigned. In April 1980, B Company, 76th Engineer Battalion (Combat Heavy) was reassigned here from
Fort Meade, MarylandIt was followed by the rest of the battalion, less Company D, three years later.
In January 1984, the
Department of the Armyannounced it was studying selected Army posts to house a new light infantry division. On September 11, 1984, the announcement was made that Fort Drum would be the new home of the 10th Light Infantry Division.
The first division troops arrived at Fort Drum on
December 3, 1984and the unit was officially activated on February 13, 1985. The name was changed to the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) at that time.
The division reached full strength in 1989. Between 1986 and 1992, 130 new buildings, 35 miles of roads, and 4,272 sets of family housing units were built at a cost of $1.3 billion.
The mission of the 10th Mountain Division (LI) is to be manned and trained to deploy rapidly by air, sea, and land anywhere in the world, prepared to fight upon arrival and win.
June 4, 1985, the identity of a Roundout Brigade was announced. The brigade was composed of New York Army National Guardbattalions from central and northern New York under the 27th Infantry Brigade.
June 28, 1985, the 76th Engineer Battalion was inactivated.
*10th Mountain Division::1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division::2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division::3rd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division::10th Aviation Brigade, 10th Mountain Division::10th Mountain Division Sustainment Brigade
American Red Cross(ARC)
U.S. Army Materiel CommandFSC (LAO)
20th Air Support Operations Squadron( United States Air Force)
*Air Force Weather (20th ASOS)
*Fort Drum Criminal Investigation Cmd (CID)
*Noncommissioned Officers Academy
*Naval Reserve Center - Fort Drum
174th Infantry Brigade
*7th Legal Support Organization (LSO)
*725th Ordnance Company (EOD)
*27th Public Affairs Detachment (PAD)
*174th Fighter Wing Air-Ground Gunnery Range
*1215th USAR Garrison Support Unit
Guthrie Ambulatory Health Care Clinic
*E/1-58 Aviation Regiment
*U.S. Air Ambulance Detachment
* 760th Ordnance Company (EOD)
* 63rd Ordnance Battalion (EOD)
* 3-85th Mountain Infantry Warrior Transition Unit
[http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1-62ada.htm 3-62 Air Defense Artillery] [http://www.drum.army.mil/sites/postnews/blizzard/blizzard_archives/news.asp?id=3&issuedate=8-12-2004]
Fort Drum is located at coor dms|44|2|17|N|75|45|29|W|city (44.038030, -75.757934)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.7 km²), of which, 25.3 square miles (65.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.35%) is water.
The military reservation occupies a large tract in the eastern part of Jefferson County, including parts of the Towns of Antwerp, Leray, Philadelphia, and Wilna. Several villages in the county are on the border of Fort Drum: Antwerp, Black River, Carthage, Evans Mills, and Philadelphia. The nearest city is Watertown, New York which is the service and shopping destination for the fort's personnel.
The Black River flows along part of the reservation boundary, and the Indian River flows through the training ranges.
In Google Earth and Google Maps, the visible layer is partially censored by way of blurring the layer. This can only be seen when zooming in very close
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 12,123 people, 2,253 households, and 2,203 families residing in the CDP. The population densitywas 479.8 per square mile (185.2/km²). There were 2,280 housing units at an average density of 90.2/sq mi (34.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 64.17% White, 19.78% African American, 0.83% Native American, 2.40% Asian, 0.69% Pacific Islander, 7.61% from other races, and 4.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.27% of the population.
There were 2,253 households out of which 75.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 91.9% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.2% were non-families. 2.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 37.5% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 1.5% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 186.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 235.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,699, and the median income for a family was $31,202. Males had a median income of $19,779 versus $19,401 for females. The
per capita incomefor the CDP was $13,395. About 6.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
* [http://www.taskforcemountain.com 10th Mountain Division in Iraq]
* [http://www.drum.army.mil Fort Drum official homepage]
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