John Robarts

John Robarts

Infobox President
name = John Parmenter Robarts

caption = The Hon. John Parmenter Robarts
birth_date = birth date|1917|1|11|mf=y
birth_place = Banff, Alberta
residence =
death_date = death date and age|1982|10|18|1917|01|11
death_place = Toronto, Ontario
order = 17th Premier of Ontario
term_start = November 08, 1961
term_end = March 01, 1971
predecessor = Leslie Frost
successor = Bill Davis
party = Ontario PC Party
religion =
spouse = Norah McCormick
Katherine Sickafuse

John Parmenter Robarts, PC , CC , QC (January 11, 1917October 18, 1982) was a Canadian lawyer and statesman, and Premier of Ontario.

Robarts was born in Banff, Alberta, making him the only Ontario premier not to have been born in Ontario. As a young man, he moved to London, Ontario with his family, where he studied at Central Collegiate (today, London Central Secondary School) and the University of Western Ontario. While attending Wetern he joined the Delta Upsilon fraternity.

He enrolled to study law at Osgoode Hall Law School but his education was interrupted by service with the Royal Canadian Navy during the World War II. He served as an officer on the HMS Uganda. After the war, he returned to university, graduating in 1948.

He practiced law in London, Ontario, and was elected a city alderman. In 1951, he was elected as an Ontario Progressive Conservative Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from the city. He entered the cabinet of Leslie Frost in 1958 as minister without portfolio and was promoted to Minister of Education in 1959.

In 1961, he became the 17th premier of Ontario, and served in that capacity until 1971. A popular and well-respected leader, Robarts epitomized power and dignity. He was an advocate of individual freedoms and promoted the rights of the provinces against the centralizing initiatives of the federal government while also promoting national unity against Quebec separatism and hosted the 1967 "Confederation of Tomorrow" conference in Toronto in an unsuccessful attempt to achieve an agreement for a new Constitution of Canada.

He initially opposed Canadian Medicare when it was proposed, but later endorsed it fully following NDP candidate Kenneth Bolton upset by-election victory on the issue in the London-area riding of Middlesex South.

As a civil libertarian, and a strong believer in the promotion of both official languages, Robarts opened the door to French education in Ontario schools. In 1972 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.

Remembered for his steps to promote and improve education, he was responsible for the construction of York University, the Ontario Science Centre, the expansion of numerous teacher colleges, and launching the Ontario Scholarship fund.

In 1976, as a member of the board of directors of an expansion Major League Baseball team in Toronto, which was going through a name selection process, there was a line in his talk about his morning one day ("I looked outside and saw a blue jay outside my window), another director picked up on "blue jay", a name that had not been thought about, and the baseball team was eventually named the "Toronto Blue Jays".

After retiring from office, John Robarts co-chaired the Task Force on Canadian Unity with Jean-Luc Pépin before joining the boards of directors of several major corporations.

Later in his life, he suffered a series of debilitating strokes, and committed suicide on October 18, 1982.

The John P. Robarts Research Institute (renamed The Robarts Research Institute in 2005) at the University of Western Ontario was officially opened in 1986. He served as Chancellor of UWO from 1971 to 1976. Also in London is the Robarts School for the Deaf (, and the John P. Robarts elementary school. The 14-storey John P. Robarts library at the University of Toronto is also named in his honour.

Steve Paikin wrote a biography, "Public Triumph, Private Tragedy: The Double Life of John P. Robarts" (Viking, 2005).

External links

* [ Order of Canada Citation]

Preceded by:
Leslie Frost
Premier of Ontario
Succeeded by:
Bill Davis

[ Reference on John Robarts Death]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Robarts — John Parmenter Robarts, PC, CC, QC (* 11. Januar 1917 in Banff; † 18. Oktober 1982 in Toronto) war ein kanadischer Rechtsanwalt, Politiker und vom 8. November 1961 bis zum 1. März 1971 der 17. Premierminister von Ontario. Robarts war Mitglied der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Robarts — John Parmenter Robarts 17e Premier ministre de l Ontario Mandat 8 novembre,1961 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Robarts — John Parmenter Robarts 17º primer ministro de Ontario …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Robarts (VC) — John Robarts VC (1818 October 17, 1888) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.DetailsHe was about 37… …   Wikipedia

  • John Robarts (disambiguation) — John Robarts may refer to:* John Robarts (1917–1982), was a Canadian lawyer and statesman * John Robarts (Bahá í) (1901 1991), prominent Canadian Bahá í appointed a Hand of the Cause of God * John Robarts (VC) (1818 1888), English recipient of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Robarts (Bahá'í) — John Aldham Robarts (November 2, 1901 June 18, 1991) was a prominent Canadian Bahá í. He was born in 1901 in Waterloo, Ontario, to Aldham Wilson Robarts and Rachel Mary Montgomery Campbell. His sister was Marjorie Campbell Robarts, who survived… …   Wikipedia

  • Robarts Library — Ansicht der Robarts Library Gründung 1973 Bestand 4,8 Millionen Bibliothekstyp Studienbib …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robarts — or Robartes may refer to:Surnames of: *Baron Robartes, a hereditary peerage first created for Richard Robartes (January 26, 1625) *John Robartes, 1st Earl of Radnor (1606–1685), succeeded his father, Richard Robartes, as Baron Robartes of Truro… …   Wikipedia

  • John P. Robarts — John Robarts L honorable John Parmenter Robarts, C.P., C.C., (né le 11 janvier 1917, décédé le 18 octobre 1982) était un avocat et homme politique canadien. Il a été premier ministre de l Ontario de 1961 à 1971. Précédé par John Robarts Suiv …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Parmenter Robarts — John Robarts L honorable John Parmenter Robarts, C.P., C.C., (né le 11 janvier 1917, décédé le 18 octobre 1982) était un avocat et homme politique canadien. Il a été premier ministre de l Ontario de 1961 à 1971. Précédé par John Robarts Suiv …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”