- Restoration style
Belton House, an example of Carolean architecture.] Restoration style, also known as Carolean style (from the Latin "Carolus" (Charles), refers to the decorativearts popular in Englandfrom the restoration of the monarchy in 1660to the late 1680safter Charles II (reigned 1660– 1685).
The return of the king and his court from
exileon the Continentled to the replacement of the Puritanseverity of the Cromwellianstyle with a taste for magnificence and opulence and to the introduction of Dutch and French artistic influences. These are evident in furniture in the use of floral marquetry, walnutinstead of oak, twisted turned supports and legs, exotic veneers, cane seats and backs on chairs, sumptuous tapestryand velvet upholsteryand ornate carved and gilded scrolling bases for cabinets.
Restoration silver is characterized by embossed motifs for
tulips and naturalistic fruit and leaves. New types of furniture introduced in this period include cabinets on stands, chests of drawers, armchairs and wing chairs and day beds.
The growing power of
British East India Companyresulted in increased imports of exotic commodities from China and Japan, including tea, porcelainand lacquer, and chintzes from India. This led to a craze for chinoiserie, reflected on the development of imitation lacquer (Japanning), blue and whitedecoration on ceramics, flat-chased scenes of Chinese-style figures and landscapes on silver and new forms of silver as teapots, as well as colourful Indian-style crewelworkbed-hangings and curtains.
Other developments in the Restoration period were the emergence of the English
glassindustry, following the invention of lead glass by George Ravenscroftaround 1676, and the manufacture of slipwareby Thomas Toft.
* cite web |publisher=
Victoria and Albert Museum
title= Restoration Style Guide
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