- Uterine rupture
Name = PAGENAME
DiseasesDB = 13642
ICD10 = ICD10|O|71|0|o|60-ICD10|O|71|1|o|60
ICD9 = ICD9|665.1
eMedicineSubj = med
eMedicineTopic = 3746
MeshID = D014597
Uterine rupture is a potentially catastrophic event during
childbirthby which the integrity of the myometrial wall is breached. In an incomplete rupture the peritoneumis still intact. With a complete rupture the contents of the uterus may spill into the peritoneal cavity or the broad ligament. A uterine rupture is a life-threatening event for mother and baby.
A uterine rupture typically occurs during early labor, but may already develop during late pregnancy. A uterine scar from a previous
cesarean sectionis the most common risk factor. Other forms of uterine surgery that result in full-thickness incisions (such as a myomectomy), dysfunctional labor, labor augmentation by oxytocinor prostaglandins, and high paritymay also set the stage for uterine rupture. In 2006, an extremely rare case of uterine rupture in a first pregnancy with no risk factors was reported. [cite journal |author=Walsh CA, O'Sullivan RJ, Foley ME |title=Unexplained prelabor uterine rupture in a term primigravida |journal=Obstetrics and gynecology |volume=108 |issue=3 Pt 2 |pages=725–7 |year=2006 |pmid=17018479 |doi=10.1097/01.AOG.0000195065.38149.11 |doi_brokendate=2008-06-23]
Symptoms of a rupture may be initially quite subtle. An old cesarean scar may undergo
dehiscence, but with further labor, the woman may experience abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. Often a deterioration of the fetal heart rate is a leading sign. Intra-abdominal bleeding, can lead to hypovolemic shockand death.
laparotomywith cesarean delivery accompanied by fluid and blood transfusionare indicated for the management of uterine rupture. Depending on the nature of the rupture and the condition of the patient the uterus may be either repaired or needs to be removed (cesarean hysterectomy).
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