- White Barrow
White Barrow is a large
Neolithic long barrowsituated on a chalk ridgeon Salisbury Plainjust outside of the village of Tilsheadin Wiltshire. It is a scheduled monument, and is owned by the National Trust. It was the first ancient monument to be purchased by the Trust.
White Barrow is 77.5m long and approximately 47m wide (including the surrounding ditch). It has never been fully excavated, but dating of materials found in and around it suggests that it dates from 3500-4000 BC, making it contemporary with other long barrows on Salisbury Plain, as well as the nearby
causewayed enclosure Robin Hood's Ball. The antiquarianColt Hoare opened the mound in the 19th Century and found areas of black earth that he believed to be the remains of a wooden structured burial chamber. [ [http://www.wiltshire-web.co.uk/history/barrows.htm "Wiltshire-Web Barrows"] ]
National Trust Purchase
White Barrow was the first piece of land that the National Trust acquired purely in the interests of archaeological conservation. Prior to that, the Trust had mainly been concerned with open spaces, houses and gardens. The barrow, along with 2.75 acres of land was purchased by
subscriptionin 1909 for the sum of £60, at a time when the MoDwas rapidly buying up land around it as part of Salisbury Plain Training Area. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=MJylQnvpXQcC&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=white+barrow+tilshead&source=web&ots=aqs39S0iga&sig=eHhUKMfiWXoTAhBV-aF6t3XQu-M#PPA22,M1 "The Remains of Distant Times: Archaeology and the National Trust"] ]
In 1998 a family of seven
badgerswas evicted from a settthey had dug into the barrow. A badger exclusion licence was obtained from English Nature, and English Heritagegave scheduled monument consent. The badgers were lured to a new sett outside of the property, and the barrow was covered in chain link fencing to prevent animals from burrowing into it again. Finds in the badger spoil from the old sett included struck flints, Neolithic and Bronze Agepottery, and part of a red deerantler. [ [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-review01_16.pdf "National Trust Annual Archaeological Review 1998/1999"] ]
West Kennet Long Barrow
Chambered long barrow
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