Migration card

Migration card

Migration card (Ukrainian: Міграційна картка) is an identity document in Russia for foreign nationals. Originally they were bilingual (Russian/English), but were changed into Russian-only. The responses to the questionnaire in it may still be completed in English.

The card is issued in two identical parts, of which part A is surrendered to the immigration officer upon entrance to Russia, while part B, stamped by the officer, must be kept with the passport to be presented to the Russian police (militsiya) whenever the identity check is demanded. Upon each Russia border crossing the arrival/departure must be stamped on the migration card. Alternatively, the card may be surrendered upon the departure and a new one received upon subsequent arrival.

A migration card must be produced along with passport in order to register a foreign citizen. Registration must be done within 3 business days since arrival to each place of stay. The process is colloquially called "registering one's visa" though it applies to visa-exempt foreign nationals as well.

Before the new law "About Migration Registration" of January 15, 2007, the registration procedure was done by the local Passport and Visa Department (Russian: ПВУ) or Visa and Registration Department (Russian: ОВИР) of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), typically at a local militsiya office.[citation needed] The residence registration could have been denied, but if approved, the migration card would be stamped.

Since adoption of the new law it became sufficient to inform the Federal Migration Service, either in person or through a post office using a special form.[1] Migration cards are not stamped if registering through a post office.

The loss of a migration card is subject to fine.

Electronic migration cards are planned, with Moscow being the first city to issue them.[2]

The same system is also used in Ukraine and some other countries.

History

Migration cards for non-CIS foreigners have been issued since November 22, 2002, starting from the foreigners who arrived to Moscow.[3]

Migration cards for CIS citizens were introduced since January 1, 2003. Initially they were issued to the migrants who are already within Russia. Since February 14, 2003 the cards started to be issued on the Russian border. Citizens of Belarus did not require a migration card, due to the arrangement of the Union of Russia and Belarus. Moreover, Russian migration cards may be obtained upon the Belarus border crossing. All CIS migrants within Russia were required to obtain migration cards my the end of March 2003 under the threat of prosecution up to deportation.[4][5]

See also

  • Worker card (трудовая карта)
  • Form I-94, the Arrival-Departure Record form used by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • Andean Migration Card

References


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