Bragg-Mitchell Mansion

Bragg-Mitchell Mansion

Infobox_nrhp | name =Bragg-Mitchell House
Bragg-Mitchell Mansion
nrhp_type =nrhp

caption = The Bragg-Mitchell House
location= 1906 Springhill Avenue
Mobile, Alabama
lat_degrees = 30
lat_minutes = 41
lat_seconds = 31.87
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 88
long_minutes = 5
long_seconds = 10.62
long_direction = W
locmapin = Alabama
area =
built = 1855cite web|title="History of the Mansion"|work="Bragg-Mitchell Mansion (Official Website)"|url=|accessdate=2007-01-03]
architect= Alexander J. Bragg
architecture=Greek Revival,
with Italianate influences
added = 27 September 1972cite web|url=|title=National Register Information System|date=2008-03-06|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = Private
refnum=72000168cite web|title="Alabama: Mobile County "|work=""|url=|accessdate=2007-01-03]

The Bragg-Mitchell Mansion, also known as the Bragg-Mitchell House, is a historic house museum in Mobile, Alabama. It was built in 1855 by Judge John Bragg and is the one of the most photographed buildings in the city as well as one of the more popular tourist attractions.cite web|title="Bragg-Mitchell Mansion"|work="Mobile's Grandest Antebellum Mansions"|url=|accessdate=2007-01-03] The house has been attributed to John's brother, a local Alabama architect, Alexander J. Bragg.Gamble, Robert "Historic architecture in Alabama: a guide to styles and types, 1810-1930", page 78. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University of Alabama Press, 1990. ISBN 0817311343.]


John Bragg was born near Warrenton, North Carolina. He graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1824, where he studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1830 and moved to Mobile in 1836, where he continued the practice of law. He was appointed judge to Alabama's 10th Judicial Circuit in 1842, later leaving that post after being elected to the 32nd United States Congress. He bought the property at 1906 Springhill Avenue on 10 May 1855 for the sum of $7500 and began construction of the house that continues to stand there today.Hammond, Ralph. "Ante-Bellum Mansions of Alabama.", page 172. New York: Architectural Book Publishers, 1951. ISBN 0517020750]

Two notable events in the history of the mansion occurred during the American Civil War. The first was the cutting of all of the live oak trees on the property to give the Confederate defenders of Mobile free range to shell any approaching Union troops. The second event was the removal of all of the furnishings from the mansion during the war to Bragg's plantation upriver. That plantation and all of the furnishings were subsequently burned when Wilson's Raiders went through that area, the irony being that Mobile itself never became a battleground as had been anticipated. John Bragg died in Mobile on 10 August 1878 and was interred in Magnolia Cemetery.

The house remained in the Bragg family until 1880 when it was bought by William H. Pratt. John's brother, Confederate General Braxton Bragg, is often credited with owning the property after John Bragg's death, but this is not the case. He was a frequent guest at the house during John Bragg's lifetime and he did live on the property for a short time after the Civil War, while supervising the construction of jetties at the mouth of Mobile Bay, however. The property passed through the Upham, Davis, and Wingate families before it was purchased by A.S. Mitchell in 1924.cite web|title="Judge John Bragg House"|work="Library of Congress: Historic American Buildings Survey"|url=|accessdate=2007-01-02]


The house is two-stories and built on a T-shaped plan. The architecture is in the Greek Revival style with tall, spindly columns that are derivative of the Doric order around a three-sided veranda. The bracketed cornice indicates some Italianate influence, a fusion of stylistic elements that some have dubbed a "bracketed Greek Revival". It contains fourteen rooms, with seven of those being bedrooms. The ground floor features convert|16|ft|m|1|adj=on ceilings.

ee also

*National Register of Historic Places listings in Mobile County, Alabama


External links

* [ Bragg-Mitchell Mansion official site]

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