McAdam Railway Station

McAdam Railway Station
McAdam Railway Station

Station after its inauguration in 1901
General information
Architectural style Châteauesque
Town or city McAdam, New Brunswick
Country Canada
Construction started 1900
Completed 1901
Cost $30,000
Design and construction
Client Canadian Pacific Railway
Architect Edward Maxwell
Station in 2003

The McAdam Railway Station is a large railway station that dominates the village of McAdam, New Brunswick, Canada.

The station is the largest passenger station in the province but since the December 17, 1994 abandonment of Via Rail's Atlantic passenger train, it no longer sees rail service and is partially used as a museum.


Railway history

McAdam's railway history is traced to the 1850s-1860s when the St. Andrews and Quebec Railway was built through the area on the way toward Woodstock using a survey from the 1840s when the International Boundary north of the St. Croix River was undecided and British North America stood a reasonable chance of acquiring title to the entire Saint John River watershed. The Aroostook War and the Webster-Ashburton Treaty settled the current boundary and eliminated any chance of the SA&Q building across that territory. McAdam was a small community called City Camp and comprised several lumber camps.

During the late 1860s, the European and North American Railway project's "Western Extension" was constructed from Saint John to the boundary at St. Croix where it linked with another E&NA line from Bangor to Vanceboro.

The junction at City Camp where the E&NA crossed the SA&Q (by then part of the New Brunswick and Canada Railway) was renamed McAdam and in 1883, the New Brunswick Railway (successor to the NB&C) took over the E&NA line, making McAdam an NBR junction.

In 1889, the Canadian Pacific Railway constructed the International Railway of Maine as the final link in becoming a transcontinental railway and in 1890, the Canadian Pacific Railway leased the NBR for 999 years, making Saint John its eastern terminus.

Station establishment

In 1900, the CPR began construction of the massive combined railway station/hotel in McAdam to cater to wealthy passengers changing trains to continue to the resort town of St. Andrews where they would stay at the CPR's hotel The Algonquin. The station was commissioned by legendary CPR President Sir William Van Horne who maintained an exclusive private estate in St. Andrews on Minister's Island. On numerous occasions during Van Horne's influential presidency at the CPR during the 1890s, his private car would pass by the McAdam station on the way from Montreal to his summer retreat at St. Andrews and vice versa, sometimes staying in the station hotel.

The station was built in the Chateau style and resembles a Scottish castle. It was built of local granite and located at the western end of the wye leading to St. Andrews from the Montreal-Saint John main line.

The 20-room hotel occupies the two thirds of the second floor of the station. On the ground floor, the western end of the building's ground floor is occupied by a lunch counter/canteen with a large M shaped circular counter with swivel stools. This was largely where breakfasts would be served for hotel guests waiting for connecting trains and train passengers who were waiting for the Steam engines to be re-fuelled and passengers to clear Customs. It was no unusual to feed 2000 people a day at this lunch counter. The central portion of the ground floor has a more formal dining room and the kitchen area which served both eating establishments. The eastern end of the building's ground floor hosts the passenger waiting rooms and ticketing office and baggage storage rooms. The station also had a jail cell that was operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway Police Service.

In 1955, the CPR initiated an express service from Saint John to Montreal called The Atlantic Limited which was continued by Via Rail as the Atlantic with the eastern terminus shifted from Saint John to Halifax. Local connecting trains at McAdam to St. Andrews, St. Stephen, Fredericton and Woodstock were all cancelled in the early 1960s leaving McAdam with a single passenger train in each direction (The Atlantic Limited).

Via Rail

The CPR continued to use the station until 1978 when it transferred responsibility for its passenger rail service to federal Crown corporation Via Rail, however the hotel was closed in the early 1960s and used for office space for the railway. CPR maintained ownership of the building throughout Via Rail operations in McAdam from 1978–1981 and 1985-1994.

Via Rail cancelled the Atlantic, in 1981 leaving McAdam with no passenger service. This train was reinstated in 1985 but cut to tri-weekly in 1990 and cancelled completely on December 17, 1994, in light of CPR's Canadian Atlantic Railway subsidiary planning to abandon the entire railway from Saint John to Montreal.

Municipal ownership

The CPR sold its line through McAdam to the New Brunswick Southern Railway but the station has been vacant since Via Rail service was terminated in December 1994. The station was designated a protected heritage railway station by the federal government and the NBSR transferred ownership of the structure to the village of McAdam in the late 1990s. Since then, the village has undertaken fundraising and maintenance repairs to the structure and opened it during the summer months for tours.

The station is currently designated both a National and Provincial Historic Site.

McAdam Railway Station


Constructed of local granite by the Canadian Pacific Railway, this combined station/hotel in the Chateau style symbolizes the railway's significance to this community.

Provincial Historic Site plaque

External links

Coordinates: 45°35′20″N 67°19′48″W / 45.589°N 67.33°W / 45.589; -67.33

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • York Street railway station — The York Street Railway Station is a former Canadian Pacific Railway station located on York Street in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.The station opened in 1923 and is a brick structure with sandstone trim; it is distinguished by a tapestry… …   Wikipedia

  • McAdam, New Brunswick — McAdam   Village   Saunders Road in McAdam with the McAdam railwa …   Wikipedia

  • McAdam Parish, New Brunswick — McAdam   Parish   Location of McAdam Parish within York County, New Brunswick …   Wikipedia

  • McAdam — Not to be confused with McAdams. McAdam or MacAdam is a surname with origins in the Ayrshire and Galloway regions of Scotland. People John Loudon McAdam, a Scottish engineer noted for inventing the process of macadamization of roads. John McAdam… …   Wikipedia

  • Gare de McAdam — McAdam La gare en 2003. Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gare De McAdam — La gare en 2003. Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gare de mcadam — La gare en 2003. Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fredericton Branch Railway — The Fredericton Branch Railway is an historic Canadian railway that operated in New Brunswick.IncorporationThe Fredericton Railway Company pre dated Confederation and was incorporated in 1866 to build a railway line from the European and North… …   Wikipedia

  • Intercolonial Railway — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Intercolonial Railway of Canada logo size= logo filename=Intercolonial Railway of Canada herald.png locale=Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec start year=1872 end year=1918 old gauge=, sections built to 5 ft 6 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Fredericton Railway Bridge — The Fredericton Railway Bridge is a former railway bridge in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.It crosses the Saint John River from the east end of Fredericton s central business district on the west bank of the river to the former community of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”