Microanalysis is the chemical identification and quantitative analysis of very small amounts of chemical substances (generally less than 10 mg or 1 ml) or very small surfaces of material (generally less than 1 cm2). One of the pioneers in the microanalysis of chemical elements was the Austrian Nobel Prize winner Fritz Pregl.


The most known methods used in microanalysis are:


Compared to normal analyses methods, microanalysis:

  • Requires less time for preparation
  • Requires less sample and solvent and thus produces less waste and is more cost effective.


  • Handling of small quantities is not always simple.
  • Higher accuracy of weighing is necessary (e.g. use of accurate balance).