- Public indecency
Public indecency refers to activity prohibited by the
lawin many locations. Public indecency is used as a blanket termfor activities that authorities would like to prohibit but that may not be explicitly defined as prohibited. It may also be referred to as "sexual misconduct" or "public lewdness". Common incidents include indecent exposureand sexual intercourseor masturbationin public view.
Legal status in the United States
In the early 1900s, women were expected to wear cumbersome dress and pantaloon combinations when swimming. In 1907,
Annette Kellerman, an Australian swimmer, was arrested on a Boston beach for public indecency for wearing her trademark one-piece swimsuit. After a public outcry at the arrest, the style had become generally acceptable by the 1910s. [ [http://web.archive.org/web/20051118190716/http://liveandlearn.com.au/Dawn/54/herstorykellerman54.htm cached version of Herstory: Annette Kellerman] , Internet Archive]
In the fifty states of the United States, state law prohibits exposure of the genitals and/or the female breast in a
public place, and may in some states require evidence of intent to shock, arouse or offend other persons. For example, Vermontonly prohibits "open and gross lewdness and lascivious behavior" [cite web | url = http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=13&Chapter=059&Section=02601 | title = Title 13: Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Chapter 59: Lewdness and Prostitution, 13 V.S.A. § 2601. Lewd and lascivious conduct | work = The Vermont Statutes Online | accessdate = 2006-10-15 ] so many forms of public nudityare legal.
Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc." 501 U.S. 560 (1991) is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United Stateson freedom of speechand the ability of the government to outlaw certain forms of expressive conduct. The issue was whether Indiana's public indecency law prohibiting total nudity in public places violated the First Amendment. Chief Justice Rehnquist said that the law was clearly within the State's constitutional power because it furthered a substantial governmental interest in protecting societal order and morality. Public indecency statutes reflected moral disapproval of people appearing in the nude among strangers in public places, and this particular law followed a line of State laws, dating back to 1831, banning public nudity.
Willie Loganwas arrested for public indecency for masturbating inside a public restroom in Florida. Because Logan had been inside a closed and locked bathroom stall at the time of the incident, the charges were later dropped.
A 21-year-old woman was ticketed in 2003 for appearing naked on Internet. The photos were taken in a downtown bar in
Lincoln, Nebraska. [http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2003-12-30-naked-lincolnite_x.htm By Kevin O'Hanlon, Associated Press] .
Six male riders were charged with public indecency during the 2005
World Naked Bike RideChicago ride and later prosecuted with sentences ranging from fines and non-expungable conviction to three months court supervision. [Information obtained directly from Joseph Lawrence, one of those charged in the WNBR Chicago 2005 ride.]
Legal status in India
Indian Penal Code(IPC) is often used to charge sex workers with vague crimes such as "public indecency" or being a "public nuisance" without explicitly defining what these consist of. [See Prostitution in India]
Legal status in Scotland
Scots law, public indecency is covered by Crimes of indecency.
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