- Shildon Locomotion Museum
Shildon Locomotion Museum is a
railway museumin Shildon, County Durham, England. The museum is a division of the National Railway Museum(NRM), which is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry(NMSI). Shildon acts as an annex, with the most important exhibits on display in the NRM's headquarters at York, though exhibits are regularly rotated.
The museum was built during
2004at a cost of £11.3 million, and is based on the former "Timothy Hackworth Victorian Railway Museum". The museum was expected to bring 60,000 visitors a year to the small County Durham town. However, during its first six months, the museum attracted a staggering 94,000 visitors, this including rail enthusiasts. It was shortlisted as one of the final five contenders in The Gulbenkian Prize which is "the largest arts prize in the United Kingdom".
It is home to 60
locomotives from the National Collection, including a replica of Timothy Hackworth's " Sans Pareil". The original engine was built to compete in the Rainhill Trials. These trials were to decide which engine was used to operate the intercity passenger railway between Liverpooland Manchester. After 175 years of absence from the town, residents were delighted at her return. "Sans Pareil" now sits proudly at the entrance of Locomotion. It is the first locomotive visitors see.
The main building is home to the majority of the collection and includes the sole examples of the prototype
APT-Eand Deltic units. The museum has a wind turbinewhich also provides power to the National Gridand an on-site biodieselbus for transporting visitors around the site without harming the environment.
The Locomotion Museum is sited near Timothy Hackworth's Soho Works on the
Stockton and Darlington Railway(opened on September 27 1825with a train hauled by " Locomotion No 1" which took 2 hours to complete the 12 mile journey from Shildon to Darlington). Shildon railway station, on the Darlingtonto Bishop Auckland Tees Valley Linewas rebuilt and modernised as part of the museum's construction and is actually situated partway through the museum itself. It is served by all services on the line, operated by Northern Rail.
List of British railway museums
List of transport museums
* [http://www.sedgefield.gov.uk/locomotion/ Shildon Locomotion Museum website]
* [http://www.ssplprints.com/?ref=wiki&ad=sspl5 The official National Railway Museum print website] containing many vintage posters and prints from the museum's collections
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