Samuel Hopkins (inventor)
- Samuel Hopkins (inventor)
Samuel Hopkins ( December 9, 1743 – 1818 ) was an American inventor from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On July 31, 1790 he was granted the first U.S. patent, under the new U.S. patent statute just signed into law by President Washington on April 10, 1790. Hopkins had petitioned for a patent on an improvement "in the making of Pot ash and Pearl ash by a new Apparatus and Process."
[ [http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ahrpa/opa/kids/kidevents_press.html#x1 Kids - Time Machine - Historic Press Releases - USPTO ] ] ]
The statute did not create a Patent Office. Instead a committee of the Secretary of State, Secretary of War and the Attorney General were authorized to make a decision on the merit of a properly documented petition.
The patent was signed by:
*President George Washington,
*Attorney General Edmund Randolph, and
*Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson.
The other U.S. patents issued that year were for:
*a new candle-making process and
*Oliver Evans' flour-milling machinery.
Samuel Hopkins, the second child of Quaker parents, was born just north of Baltimore, Maryland. At about the age of 16 he was apprenticed to Robert Parrish, a Quaker tradesman in Philadelphia. In the spring of 1765, Hopkins married Parrish's sister-in-law, Hannah Wilson, and together they raised six children in Philadelphia over the course of 25 years.
The 1790 U.S. Census listed Hopkins' occupation as "Pott Ash Maker". The city directories of the period listed him as a "pot-ash maker" and a "pot-ash manufacturer". Around 1800, for financial reasons, he and his wife moved to Rahway, New Jersey, to live with their daughter Sarah and son-in-law, William Shotwell. They returned to Philadelphia, before Hopkins' death in 1818.
* [http://www.me.utexas.edu/~lotario/paynter/hmp/The_First_Patent.html Henry M. Paynter, "The First Patent", Invention & Technology, Fall 1990]
* [http://www.myoutbox.net/popch05.htm Kenneth W. Dobyns, "History of the United States Patent Office"]
Look at other dictionaries:
Samuel Hopkins — may refer to:*Samuel Hopkins (inventor) (1743 ndash;1803), American inventor who was awarded the first US patent for a process to refine potash *Samuel Hopkins (1721 1803), American clergyman who formulated a religious system called Hopkinsism or … Wikipedia
Samuel T. Wellman — Infobox Person name=Samuel T. Wellman caption=Industrial entrepreneur birth date=birth date|1847|2|5|mf=y birth place=Wareham, Massachusetts dead=dead death date=death date and age|1919|7|11|1847|2|5|mf=y death place=Cleveland, OhioSamuel Thomas… … Wikipedia
Johns Hopkins — (May 19, 1795, Anne Arundel County, Maryland ndash; December 24, 1873, Baltimore) was a wealthy entrepreneur, philanthropist, and abolitionist of 19th century Baltimore, now most noted for his philanthropic creation of the institutions that bear… … Wikipedia
List of Johns Hopkins University people — Notable alumni= Nobel laureates*Peter Agre Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2003 *Richard Axel Nobel Prize in Medicine, 2004 *Joseph Erlanger Nobel Prize in Medicine, 1944 *Robert Fogel Nobel Prize in Economics, 1993 *Herbert Spencer Gasser Nobel Prize… … Wikipedia
19th century — For other uses, see 19th century (disambiguation). Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century Decades: 1800s 1810s 18 … Wikipedia
Upstate New York — The standard definition of Upstate New Yorklegend|lime|North Country and Adirondacks, often referred to as the true upstate by localsUpstate New York is the region of New York State north of the core of the New York metropolitan area. It has a… … Wikipedia
Harvey — is an English given name, surname, place name, derived from a Breton personal name meaning battle worthy . It is thought to have come to England with the Breton mercenaries of William the Conqueror as James Bay . [cite web last = Campbell first … Wikipedia
List of counties in Kentucky — Map of Kentucky s counties This is a list of the one hundred and twenty counties in the U.S. state of Kentucky. Despite ranking 37th in size by area, Kentucky has 120 counties; depending on definitions, this is either third or fourth among U.S.… … Wikipedia
United States Patent and Trademark Office — The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that issues patents to inventors and businesses for their inventions, and trademark registration for product and intellectual… … Wikipedia
History of United States patent law — To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries; From the United States Constitution, Article I, Section 8, Clause 8. [… … Wikipedia