Urenui

Urenui

Infobox Settlement
name = Urenui
population_total = 429
population_as_of = 2006
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = New Zealand
subdivision_type1= Region
subdivision_name1= Taranaki
subdivision_type2= District
subdivision_name2= New Plymouth District
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = left
latd = 38
latm = 59
lats = 52
latNS = S
longd = 174
longm = 23
longs = 25
longEW = E

Urenui is a settlement in northern Taranaki, in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 3 close to the shore of the North Taranaki Bight, 13 kilometres east of Waitara and 6 km south-west of Mimi. The Urenui River flows past the settlement into the North Taranaki Bight. [cite book|title=Reed New Zealand Atlas|year=2004|id=ISBN 0-7900-0952-8|author=Peter Dowling (editor)|publisher=Reed Books|pages=map 35] [cite book|title=The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand|year=2005|id=ISBN 1-877333-20-4|author=Roger Smith, GeographX|publisher=Robbie Burton|pages=map 74]

Approximately 3 km eastward of the town is the Urenui Marae, the only remaining marae of Ngāti Mutunga.

The population was 429 in the 2006 Census, an increase of 15 from 2001. [cite web|url=http://www.stats.govt.nz/census/2006-census-data/final-counts/tarankai-region.htm|title=Final counts – census night and census usually resident populations, and occupied dwellings - New Plymouth District|publisher=Statistics New Zealand] .

Education

Urenui School is a coeducational contributing primary (years 1-6) school with a decile rating of 5 and a roll of 86. [cite web|url=http://www.tki.org.nz/e/schools/display_school_info.php?school_id=2256|title=Te Kete Ipurangi - Urenui School|publisher=Ministry of Education] The school was founded in 1876 and celebrated its 125th jubilee in 2001. [cite journal|url=http://www.edgazette.govt.nz/notices.php/notices.php?action=view&id=56682|title=Jubilees & reunions: Urenui School|journal=Education Gazette New Zealand|volume=79|issue=12|date=30 June 2000]

Notes

Further reading

General historical works

:*citation |title = The history of Urenui: arrival of the first Maoris |place = New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Taranaki Daily News |year = 1930

:* The above is an article from the Taranaki Daily News "(6 September 1930)", that has been clipped out and mounted in a scrapbook.

:*citation |first = D. P. |last = Fraser |title = Urenui |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 1991

:*citation |first1 = A. H. |last1 = Messenger |first2 = Edward Rolfe |last2 = Andrews |title = Urenui School 80th jubilee, 1876-1956: souvenir booklet, history of school and district, 1st and 2nd April, 1956 |place = Urenui, [N.Z.] ; New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Urenui School ; Taranaki Herald |year = 1956

:* The above booklet was compiled by Andrews, but incorporates "School days at Pukearuhe in the old days " by A.H. Messenger.

Archaeology

:*The research notes of Alastair Buist (concerning his 1961-62 archaeological work at "Kumara Kaiama" pa) are stored within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Alastair Buist (ARC2002-414) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35413 |accessdate = 2008-01-29. Also consult the papers of web cite |title = Jonas, Dick Purdie (ARC2002-166) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35249 for further documentation of this research.

:*The research notes of Kelvin Day (concerning his 1980 archaeological work on historic sites in this area) are stored within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Kelvin Day (ARC2002-176) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35259 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*citation |first = Alastair Gordon |last = Buist |title = Archaeology in North Taranaki, New Zealand a study of field monuments in the Pukearuhe - Mimi-Urenui area |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = New Zealand Archaeological Association |year = 1964

:*citation |first = Warren |last = Gumbley |title = Archaeological mapping of pa in four Taranaki historic reserves |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = Department of Conservation |year = 1997

Business history

:*There is a record book (kept by the "Postmaster") for the Urenui Post Office. This spans from the 1930s through to the mid 1950s. This artefact is held within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = New Zealand Post Office, Urenui (ARC2001-167) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=34930 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*citation |first = Margaret |last = de Jardine |title = The little ports of Taranaki: being Awakino, Mokau, Tongaporutu, Urenui, Waitara, Opunake, Patea, together with some historical background to each |place = New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Margaret de Jardine |year = 1992

Churches

"Anglican"

:*citation |first = Ada C. |last = Alexander |title = St John the Baptist, Waitara: centenary, 1876-1976 |place = New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Taranaki Newspapers |year = 1976

Clubs and organisations

:*There is an incomplete series of records for the Waitoetoe Racing Club preserved within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Waitoetoe Racing Club (X2999) |url = http://www.nram.org.nz/record.php?id=250&parent=searchresults&match=Phrase&format=Long&sort=title&words=Urenui|accessdate = 2008-01-29

Environment

:*citation |first = Harry et al. |last = Allen |title = The cultural significance of wetlands in Taranaki: report to Ngati Mutunga at Urenui Marae, Saturday 29th November 2003 |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 2003

Geology

:*citation |first = Justin |last = Faulconridge |title = Sedimentology, paleontology and petrology of the Urenui Formation, north Taranaki " [M.Sc., University of Auckland] " |year = 1994

:*citation |first1 = S. J. |last1 = Mouton |first2 = R. A. E. |last2 = Atkins |title = Urenui deviation SH3: geophysical survey, April 1986 |place = Lower Hutt, [N.Z.] |publisher = Geomechanics Section, Central Laboratories, Ministry of Works and Development |year = 1986

Maori

:*web cite |title = Ngati Mutunga [electronic resource] |url = http://www.ngatimutunga.iwi.nz/ |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*citation |title = The history of Urenui: arrival of the first Maoris |place = New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Taranaki Daily News |year = 1930

:* The above is an article from the Taranaki Daily News "(6 September 1930)", that has been clipped out and mounted in a scrapbook.

:*citation |title = Ngati Mutunga report to the Waitangi Tribunal |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = Waitangi Tribunal |year = n.d.

:*citation |title = Wananga tuarima for Maori mental health, Maori providers, iwi [Taranaki/Wanganui Wananga for Maori Mental Health, Maori Providers, Iwi ( 5th : 2000: Parihaka, N.Z.)] |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 2000?

:* "This meeting was held at Te Niho o Atiawa Marae, Urenui, Taranaki, 1-3 September, 2000."

:*citation |title = Wananga tuatahi for Maori mental health, Maori providers, iwi [Taranaki/Wanganui Wananga for Maori Mental Health, Maori Providers, Iwi (1st : 2000 : Urenui, N.Z.)] |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 2000?

:* "This meeting was held at Ruapekapeka Marae, Urenui, Taranaki, 11-13 February, 2000."

:*citation |first = Harry et al. |last = Allen |title = The cultural significance of wetlands in Taranaki: report to Ngati Mutunga at Urenui Marae, Saturday 29th November 2003 |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 2003

:*citation |first = Brian James |last = Bargh |title = A report commissioned by the Waitangi Tribunal for the Taranaki claim (Wai 143) concerning Kumara Kaiamo Pas and associated lands of Ngati Mutunga at Urenui |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = Waitangi Tribunal |year = 1995

:*citation |first = Warren |last = Gumbley |title = Archaeological mapping of pa in four Taranaki historic reserves |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = Department of Conservation |year = 1997

Maps

:* An 1870s map of the Waitara and Tikorangi townships, and the Urenui district, can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Waitara East District, Tikorangi District, Urenui District [map] (ARC2004-293) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37351 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* An 1871 map of the Urenui township can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Township of Urenui (ARC2005-14) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37600 |accessdate = 2008-01-29 This map was made as a result of the surveying work of Stephenson Percy Smith, and was published by the General Survey Office in Wellington.

:* An 1876 map of the Urenui township can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Waitara East District, Tikorangi District, Urenui District [map] (ARC2005-85) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37650 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* An undated map of the Urenui and Tikorangi areas can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Urenui Tikorangi Blocks III & VII (ARC2005-29) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37615 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* An undated map of Urenui Domain (and the camping ground) can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Camping site, Urenui Domain (ARC2005-21) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37607 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* A 1969 map of North Taranaki scenic reserves can be found at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Scenic Reserves (ARC2005-436) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=38288 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

New Zealand Wars

:*There are papers of the Taranaki Militia preserved within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. These concern the death of the Methodist missionary, John Whiteley (and others) at Pukearuhe in 1869. See web cite |title = Taranaki Militia (X2908) |url = http://www.nram.org.nz/record.php?id=265&parent=searchresults&match=Phrase&format=Long&sort=title&words=Urenui |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* There is a pass for the Urenui Maori Contingent of the New Zealand Army Native Contingent (that has been signed by Major Charles Stapp) held at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = New Zealand Army Native Contingent (ARC2001-4) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=34806 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*citation |first = Alastair Gordon |last = Buist |title = Archaeology in North Taranaki, New Zealand a study of field monuments in the Pukearuhe - Mimi-Urenui area |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = New Zealand Archaeological Association |year = 1964

People

:* The papers of the Urenui farmer Ernest George Bleakley are stored at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. Mr Bleakley farmed in the district at the turn of the twentieth century. See web cite |title = Ernest George Bleakley (ARC2001-243) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=34971
accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* The papers of the Urenui woman Mabel Bleakley are stored at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. Mabel was active in fund raising in the Urenui area during World War One. See web cite |title = Mabel Bleakley (ARC2001-543) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35148
accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* There is a scrapbook "(containing contemporary accounts in various newspapers)" concerning the death, burial, and memorial of Te Rangi Hiroa (Peter Buck): this is held at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. See web cite |title = Sir Peter Buck (ARC2001-76) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=34858
accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* The papers of Blanche Stuart Halcombe (1881-1961) "(née Turton)" are stored at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth. Mrs. Halcombe (whose husband was from Urenui, but who died during World War One) was a collector of materials upon "natural history" and "ethnography". This material covers the period between the 1830s and the 1950s - and access to it is restricted. See web cite |title = Blanche Stuart Halcombe (ARC2002-58) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35177
accessdate = 2008-01-29

:* The papers of the late Dick Jonas are held at web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth). They provide a wealth of "historical, archaeological", and "anthropological" information about this region. He often collaborated with Alastair Buist (see Archaeology, "above"). See web cite |title = Jonas, Dick Purdie (ARC2002-166) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=35249 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*Just before his death in 1993, long-time Urenui resident Wilfred Bertrand (Joe) Rattenbury was interviewed about his life and times. A recording of this interview is stored within web cite |title = Puke Ariki |url = http://www.pukeariki.com/en/resources/collections.htm in New Plymouth). See See web cite |title = Wilfred Bertrand (Joe) Rattenbury (ARC2003-1163) |url = http://vernon.npdc.govt.nz/collection/results.do?view=detail&db=object&id=37047 |accessdate = 2008-01-29

:*citation |first = Eric |last = Ramsden |title = A memoir -- Te Rangihiroa: a memorial to Sir Peter Buck |place = Wellington, [N.Z.] |publisher = New Zealand Department of Maori Affairs |year = 1954

chools

:*citation |title = Urenui School 125 years: 6,7,8 April 2001: upward and upright |place = Urenui, [N.Z.] |publisher = Jubilee Committee |year = 2001

:*citation |first = Jeffrey Eric |last = Carr |title = 100 years Urenui School centenary, 1876-1976 |place = Urenui, [N.Z.] |publisher = Urenui School Centenary Committee |year = 1976

:*citation |first1 = A. H. |last1 = Messenger |first2 = Edward Rolfe |last2 = Andrews |title = Urenui School 80th jubilee, 1876-1956: souvenir booklet, history of school and district, 1st and 2nd April, 1956 |place = Urenui, [N.Z.] ; New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Urenui School ; Taranaki Herald |year = 1956

:* The above booklet was compiled by Andrews, but incorporates "School days at Pukearuhe in the old days " by A.H. Messenger.

:*citation |first = George Henry " [putative author] " |last = Pope |title = Urenui School diamond jubilee, 1876-1936 |place = Urenui, [N.Z.] ; New Plymouth, [N.Z.] |publisher = Urenui School ; Taranaki Herald |year = 1936

External links

Urenui Marae: http://www.ngatimutunga.iwi.nz/information.php?info_id=7


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