Amplitude and phase-shift keying

Amplitude and phase-shift keying

Amplitude and Phase-shift keying or Asymmetric Phase-shift keying, (APSK), is a digital modulation scheme that conveys data by changing, or modulating, both the amplitude and the phase of a reference signal (the carrier wave). In other words, it combines both Amplitude-shift keying (ASK) and Phase-shift keying (PSK) to increase the symbol-set. It can be considered as a subclass of Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). The advantage over conventional QAM, for example 16-QAM, is lower number of possible amplitude levels, resulting in less problems with non-linear amplifiers.

Applications

The DVB-S2 specification permits the use of 16APSK and 32APSK modes, allowing 16 and 32 different symbols respectively and are intended for mainly professional, semi-linear applications. They can be also used for broadcasting but they require a higher level of available C/N and an adoption of advanced pre-distortion methods in the uplink station in order to minimize the effect of transponder non-linearity.

Figure - Bit mapping into constellations - (see Ref.2)

References

* [http://www.ebu.ch/en/technical/trev/trev_300-morello.pdf DVB-S2 — ready for lift off] , article in the EBU technical review

* [http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/131x2o1.pdf Flexible Serially Concatenated Convolutional Turbo Codes with Near-Shannon bound performance for telemtery applications ] ,CCSDS-131.2-O-1.


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