Torvill and Dean

Torvill and Dean

1984 Sarajevo
Ice dancing
1994 Lillehammer
Ice dancing
1981 Hartford
Ice dancing
1982 Copenhagen
Ice dancing
1983 Helsinki
Ice dancing
1984 Ottawa
Ice dancing
1981 Innsbruck
Ice Dancing
1982 Lyon
Ice Dancing
1984 Budapest
Ice Dancing
1994 Copenhagen
Ice Dancing
1977 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1978 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1979 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1980 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1981 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1982 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1983 Nottingham
Ice Dancing
1994 Sheffield
Ice Dancing

Torvill and Dean (Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean) are British ice dancers and British, European, Olympic and World champions. At the 1984 Winter Olympics the pair became the highest scoring figure skaters of all time (for a single programme) receiving 12 perfect 6.0s, including artistic impression scores of 6.0 from every judge. [cite news
title=1984: British ice couple score Olympic gold
work=BBC On the Day, February 14, 1984
] The pair turned professional following the 1984 Olympics, regaining amateur status briefly ten years later in 1994 to compete in the Olympics once again. The pair retired from competitive skating for good in 1998 when they toured one last time with their own show Ice Adventures, before rejoining Stars on Ice for one more season. Their final routine was performed to Paul Simon's "Still Crazy", a routine they'd devised a few years earlier for competition.

Upon retirement from professional skating, Chris moved to Colorado Springs (USA) where he continues to live with his wife, Jill Trenary and two sons: Jack Robert, born November 17, 1998, and Sam Colin, born September 3, 2000. Between 1991 and 1993 Chris was married to skater, Isobelle Duchesnay.

Jayne made her home in Surrey (UK) where she lives with her husband, Phil Christensen and two children Kieran, born May 2002, and Jessica, born March, 2006.

Although remaining close friends, the pair did not skate together again until they were enticed out of retirement to take part in ITV's Dancing on Ice.

Both are from Nottingham, England, where the local National Ice Centre is accessed through a public area known as Bolero Square, in honour of the pair's Olympic achievements. There is also a housing estate in the Wollaton area of the city named 'Torvill Drive', with many of the surrounding roads named after coaches and dances associated with the pair.


Partnership and the Olympics

Around 1975, Jayne Torvill was a former British Junior Pairs champion, and Christopher Dean and his partner had won a British Junior Ice Dance competition. Nottingham coach Janet Sawbridge put them together, and shortly afterwards, they started their ice dancing history. They took their first trophy in 1976. They changed coaches to Betty Callaway in 1978. After a 5th place finish at their first Olympics, in Lake Placid in 1980, and 4th place in Worlds that year, they never took lower than first place in any competition they entered, except in 1994.

Singer-actor Michael Crawford was the fourth member of the team, along with their trainer. He became a mentor to them around 1981, and went on to help them create their 1983 and 1984 Olympic routines, and "taught them how to act". Crawford said of them, "I found them to be delightful young people, the kind you want to help if you can." ("The Times" November 1982). He was present with their trainer at the ringside, when the team won their perfect Olympics score with their "Boléro" routine. "(Source: Torvill and Dean's 1996 autobiography partially cited at [] )"

:"(For further information and biographies, see the individual articles on Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean)"

Going professional

Although Torvill and Dean had been able to leave their jobs as an insurance clerk and policeman, respectively, thanks to grants from the city of Nottingham, they were not allowed to earn any money from skating as long as they wished to remain eligible for the Olympics. Turning professional in 1984, they took advantage not only of the financial but of the artistic possibilities of their new status. They worked with Australian dance choreographer Graeme Murphy at first, and they were able to create not only routines for themselves but entire ice shows with a thematic coherence, which toured Australia, the U.S., and Europe. Their projects included a filmed fairy tale "Fire and Ice." In general, Dean would imagine the sequence he wanted to perform, and Torvill would work with him to refine it technically. They choreographed, as a team, for other ice dancers and skaters, particularly the Canadian brother–sister team Isabelle and Paul Duchesnay, who skated for France at the Albertville Olympics in 1992, taking the silver medal with their "West Side Story" routine.

Return to the Olympics

After ten years as professionals, Torvill and Dean decided to return to the amateur arena for the 1994 Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway (along with other great skaters of the 1980s, such as Brian Boitano and Katarina Witt, thanks to a change in eligibility rules). The couple moved to Hamar, Norway in 1993 in order to practise at the Hamar Olympic Amphitheatre which hosted the figure skating events. Their free dance was designed to re-establish some of the ideas about ice dance which they themselves had been instrumental in dismantling; "Let's Face The Music and Dance" had no swooning lovers, theatrical accessories, or violent ideological message; just fast, delightful dance in the best Astaire and Rogers tradition. The routine did have one move, an assisted lift, which pushed the envelope of the rules. According to their autobiography, "Facing the Music", the lift was technically legal because the rule prohibited lifts "above the shoulders," and the lift they used was NOT above the shoulders. The judges placed Torvill and Dean at third place, giving the second to perennial silver medalists Usova and Zhulin, and the gold medal to Grishuk and Platov, who continued to win gold through the next four years.

Life after the Olympics

After the disappointing finish at Lillehammer, Torvill and Dean "picked themselves up and dusted themselves off" and continued with their planned and very successful "Face the Music" tour, to be followed by numerous other projects: Dean choreographed a suite of dances to the songs of Paul Simon for the English National Ballet, professional competitions, touring with Stars on Ice, and collaborating with cellist Yo-Yo Ma and director Patricia Rozema on the video "Inspired by Bach: Six Gestures". In late 1998, they produced an ice show at Wembley Stadium in London, "Ice Adventures," which included a "flying" ice ballet and other wonders. In the meantime, they were still choreographing, notably for the dynamic French Ice Dance team, Anissina and Peizerat, who won first place in the World Championships in 2000.

In 1998, the pair officially retired, each continuing to coach and choreograph separately. On 14 January 2006, they acted as coaches, choreographers and performers in ITV's Dancing on Ice. They returned for a second series in January 2007, and a third series in February 2008. After the 2007 & 2008 UK series of Dancing on Ice Torvill and Dean took the show on the road for a British tour.

They have been also involved (July-August 2006) in the Australian version of the programme titled Torvill and Dean's Dancing on Ice.

tyle and approach

Use of narrative and thematic music

After winning the 1981 World Championships (which brought the distinction of MBEs), and with three more years before the Olympics, they began to plan routines which used a single piece of music and had some narrative or thematic element. At that time, Ice Dance "long" routines typically used several pieces of music, often with different rhythms to show off the command of different steps (thus their Free Dance in 1981 used "Fame", "Caravan", "Red Sails in the Sunset", and "Sing, Sing, Sing"); the Original Set Pattern dance used only one piece of music, but the entire routine had to be performed three times in sequence, exactly the same way. In 1982, they presented a long programme to excerpts from the musical "Mack and Mabel", which evoked the emotions of a sweet but stormy romance; at the World Championships in 1983, they enacted a visit to the circus with music from "Barnum", a performance which brought them the honor of receiving the world's first perfect score, [ [ YouTube - Torvill and Dean Barnum ] ] with help from the stage show's star, Michael Crawford; in 1984, at the Olympics, they stunned the world with "Boléro" , and also with their dramatic Paso Doble short routine, in which Torvill was the bullfighter's cape. They had learned to choose and edit music carefully and design routines that were appealing both technically and imaginatively, and their completeness of presentation included thematically appropriate costumes.

Complying with Olympic rules

Torvill and Dean's 1984 Olympic free dance was skated to Maurice Ravel's "Boléro". Ravel's original "Boléro" composition is over 17 minutes long. Olympics rules state that the free dance must be four minutes long (plus or minus 10 seconds). Torvill and Dean went to a music arranger to condense "Boléro" down to a "skateable" version. However, they were told that the minimum time that "Boléro" could be condensed down to was 4 minutes 28 seconds, 18 seconds in excess of the Olympics rules. Torvill and Dean reviewed the Olympic rule book and found that it stated that actual timing of a skating routine began when the skaters started skating. Therefore they could use "Boléro" if they did not place their skates' blades to ice for the first 18 seconds. They timed the performance so that when Torvill first placed a blade on the ice, they would have the maximum skating time remaining. Fact|date=September 2008

Amateur competitive results

Professional competitive results

The professional years 1984 – 1998 / 2006 –

Song of India 1984Music: Rimsky-KorsakovKnown performance period 1984 – 1987Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Washington 1984
Result: 1st (10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10.) Technical piece

Designed in Autumn 1984 for the World Professional Championships held in December 1984 (source Facing the Music: 1995:148).

The piece was choreographed jointly between Jayne and Chris together with Graeme Murphy, Artistic Director with the Sydney Dance Company at the time (source Facing the Music: 1995:139). The costumes consisted of both Jayne and Chris wearing billowing orange/red trousers with brief top pieces adorned with India jewels. The piece consists of a tremendous amount of drawn-out lifts, twisting, intertwining and even sitting and rolling on the ice to create a balletic piece which they describe at evoking Indian sculptures (source Facing the Music: 1995:149).

The piece was first performed at the 1984 Royal Variety Show in London, before going on to win with straight 10’s at the 1984 World Professional Championships. An extended Company version of the dance was devised for the 1985-86 World Tour (source Facing the Music: 1995:158). It is also known to have been performed again for the one-off televised production with the Russian All Stars at the Luzhniki rink in Moscow in 1987 (source Facing the Music: 1995:149).

The piece contains a unique move of immense technical balance, design and strength, whereby Chris lifts Jayne feet first allowing her to take hold of his lower calf. He then lifts his one leg back with Jayne held horizontal across his body as he completes the lift gliding forward on one leg. The obvious difficulty and stunning symmetry of the lift make it quite a show stopper, and they can be seen to repeat the lift during the 1993 Skates of Gold Exhibition in Boston USA when they take to the ice with their pears from their amateur period: Marina Klimova & Sergei Ponomarenko, and Natalia Bestemianova and Andrei Bukin. Even more amazingly, Chris and Jayne showed that the years have done nothing to detract from their tremendous skill, strength and balance when they incorporated the same lift into a re-worked version of Bolero for the 2007 series of Dancing on Ice.

Encounter 1984Music: “January Stars” written and performed by George Otis Winston
Known performance period 1984 – 1995Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Washington 1984 Result: 1st (10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10.) Artistic pieceWorld Team Championship 1994
Result: 1st Encounter runs at over six minutes and was for Torvill and Dean, their most enduring professional performance winning them the World Professional Championships in 1984 and known to be used as performance piece until 1987. They resurrected the piece in 1994 to win at the World Team Championships. It is last known to be performed at Wembley for the Face the Music World Tour filmed in June 1995.

The theme of the piece involves two people who walk past reach other in the street, notice each other, do a double take and instantly fall in love. What follows is a brief encounter of two people very much in love but destined to be apart. The costumes where minimalist and unobtrusive, in keeping with the understatedness of the piece, consisting, in the 80’s, of a small sleek light grey-blue dress for Jayne cut like a mini skirt and a silver-grey outfit for Chris. When Encounter was performed in the 90’s, Jayne wore a dress designed to look identical to the original, while Chris now wore shirt and trousers to match the colour of Jayne’s outfit exactly.

Heaven and Hell 1985 (Group Number)

Music: derived from the Seven Deadly Sins BalletKnown performance period: 1985 – 1986Versions available on video/dvd or internet: none known

A ten minute group number, with Torvill and Dean taking part in the Heaven section, dressing in cream-white outfits.

Venus 1985

Music: Holst (The Planet Suite)Known performance period 1985 – 1986Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Washington 1985
Result: 1st (10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10.)

This dance was devised as part of their first World Tour, and formed their number in the Planet Suite, with various members of the Company performing the other planet pieces and the whole company performing Jupiter.

The premise of Venus is that Jayne is the Goddess of Love looking after the world (source Facing the Music: 1995:167). The world is actually physically represented in the piece by large globe lit up inside and suspended by a wire (controlled by a boom operator) orbiting Torvill and Dean throughout the dance. The opening of the number was most unusual, consisting of an immensely tall Jayne Skating on in a large voluminous cloak and sending the globe/sphere into orbit. Chris was in fact concealed within the cloak, lifting Jayne throughout the opening sequence, to then be revealed as the dance begins. The dance is extremely graceful, with many unusual lifts and intricate moves. The costumes where white, with Jayne wearing a white headscarf adorned with a gold coronet.

The dance was used as the artistic piece for the 1985 World Championships which they won for the second year in a row.

Jupiter 1985 (Group Number)

Music: Holst (The Planet Suite)Known performance period: 1985 – 1986Versions available on video/dvd or internet: none known

The spectacular finale piece for Torvill and Dean’s first World Tour involving Torvill and Dean spinning like heavenly bodies with half a dozen fliers around them in orbit on wires. At the end, all the lights would go off except for ultraviolet leaving them apparently spinning in space (source Facing the Music: 1995:167).

Diablo Tango 1985

Music: ‘Valentino Tango’ Janko Nilovic
Known performance period 1985 – 1987Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Washington 1985 Result: 1st (10, 10, 10, 10, 9.9, 9,9, 10.) Technical piece

Another dance devised as part of their first World Tour, and also used to win as the technical piece in the 1985 World Professional Championships.

This dance was Torvill and Dean’s first real venture into humour. Later notable comic dances would be Hatrick, Low Commotion, and Trunk Tango but this remains arguably the most slapstick. Dean’s costume is Spanish in appearance, reflecting the Spanish music, consisting of an open neck white shirt with a loose black tie, black trousers and a large purple sash around his waste. Jayne is in a black 1920’s outfit, complete with arm length gloves and basin hat.

Shepherd’s Song 1986

Music: Baylero – A Shepherd’s Song from Songs of the Auvergne;
Composer: Joseph Canteloube; Sung by Kiri Te KanawaKnown performance period: 1986Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

This dance was designed specifically for the 1986 Sports Aid Gala, the proceeds of which went to causes in need in Africa. It is not clear whether it was ever performed again thereafter, but the photo caption on page 76 of Fire on Ice (Wilson:1994) suggests that it was then incorporated into the World Tour, at least for its next visit to Wembley.

The lyrics are in fact those of a very simple old folk song depicting a Shepherd and Shepherdess calling to each other across mountain pastures. The booklet with the CD "A La Francaise" gives the following translation of the song: "“Shepherd, across the water, you are scarcely having a good time, Sing bailero, lero, lero. Scarcely, and you? Sing bailero, lero. Shepherd, how do I get over there, there’s a big stream, sing bailero, lero. Wait, I’ll came and get you, Bailero, lero, lero.”"

The dance begins and ends most unusually with the dancers lying entwined together asleep on the ice. The opening depicting daybreak and the end nightfall. In the reverse of Bolero, it is Chris who steps onto the ice first and brings Jayne to her feet. The dance is highly balletic, with operatic movements incorporated. At one point in the dance Torvill and Dean encircle each other catching hold of each others’ ice skate in constant succession creating a very beautiful, intricate and highly technical fluid movement. The costumes are very simple, with Jayne in white and Chris in a loose fitting armless shirt piece and brown trousers with white leg ties.

Fire and Ice 1986

Music: Carl DavisWritten by: Tom GutteridgeDirected by: Tom GutteridgeProduced by: Nick ElliotProduced and Filmed for LWT: 1986Versions available on video/dvd or internet: Available on the Dancing on Ice 2006 DVD

Torvill and Dean devised Fire and Ice in Australia with Graeme Murphy, sold it to LWT (London Weekend Television – part of ITV). It was written by Tom Gutteridge and Carl Davis and rehearsed and filmed in Germany ready for its UK television premier Christmas 1986 (source Facing the Music: 1995:179).

Fire and Ice is a full length company piece creating narrative ballet on ice. Setbetween the Planet of Fire and the Planet of Ice, it tells of a love story between aPrince of Fire and a Princess of Ice. It is a full set piece with visual designs and effects depicting different locations on the two planets and telling the story. The piece opens with Chris performing actually ballet within the catacombs of the Plant of Fire, while seeing Jayne in the blue flames of their alter. Upon diving in he finds himself upon her planet. He meets her, and after taking some time to adapt to her planet, they fall in love. She gets called away to a Royal Ceremony but she rejoins him later. The following morning they are discovered and a violent attack is carried out on the Fire Prince by her own people. She pleads with her father to have mercy on him but he banishes her from his sight and the Ice Prince is left trapped in a prison of ice. Later the Ice Princess sneaks back to him and melts the ice with all her strength, leaving her close to death. The Fire Prince revives her and they are together once more. Meanwhile the Prince’s own people have witnessed his fate in the flames and have arrived on the Planet of Ice. A war breaks out which ends in the death of both the Prince’s and Princess’s fathers. Devastated and alone, they find each other once more and grieve. As time heals their wounds and their love endures a distant archway appears, touring over the icy mountains. We watch them make their journey towards the arch and finally enter and make their break for freedom and a new life together.

Released all over the world on video and dvd, the production is unique in Torvill and Dean’s repertoire – their feature film. The piece contains many dances between the two of them, some of them comic (including one where Chris is actually wearing ordinary shoes on the ice as he is learning to adapt), some of them romantic and passionate and some of them highly dramatic, including dancing separately with the company dancers representing the people from their respective planets. For the most part, Chris wears a costume almost identical in design to his Song of India costume, only this time, rather than being red and orange, this one is red and burgundy, representing his fiery origins. Jayne wears an Ice Queen costume complete with crown, silver hair, and silver blue dress cut like icicles at the bottom.

Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers Medley 1987

Music: Irving Berlin: Stepping Out / Change Partners and Dance with Me / Cheek to Cheek / Putting on the Ritz/ Top HatKnown performance period: 1987 – 1990Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

This medley of Irving Berlin numbers danced in tribute to Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers was devised for the brief Tour Torvill and Dean did with the Ice Capades in 1987 (source Facing the Music: 1995:191), but continued as the final number throughout their long Russian All Stars Tour into 1990. For costumes Chris wore full white tie, waistcoat and tails, while Jayne wore a flowing – near full length blue dress complete with blue feather boa. Although neatly choreographed with spectacular music and lighting effects it was arguably not as evocative of Fred and Ginger or as technically accomplished as the amazing “Putting on the Ritz” routines that they performed at the Skate Canada Amateur exhibition in 1982. One impressive component however was the incorporation of tap steps on ice during the middle of the routine. During the All Stars Tour (and possibly the Ice Capades as well) they kept to a similar theme for the final bow, skating on with the company to I Got Rhythm.

Eleanor’s Dream 1987

Music: Eleanor Rigby – Paul McCartney Known performance period 1987Versions available on video/dvd or internet: None known

Little is known about this piece and it has never been released commercially and possibly never recorded. It was also created as one of their pieces for the 1987 Ice Capades Tour. In their autobiography Chris states that he actually passed on the dance for Isabelle and Paul Duchesnay to perform in 1988 stating that the dance was about the relationship between a boy and a girl with the boy breaking in upon the woman’s dreams (source Facing the Music: 1995:235).

Excerpt taken from: Torvill and Dean: Romancing the Ice - Ice Cycles 1988

"Both Chris and Jayne seem eager for responses to their new routines in the show and gratified with the verdict that everything is just great, with special accolades going to "Eleanor Rigby". It's their newest routine and it's a very interesting version of the song. It is done by Paul McCartney, as a matter of fact, but it has little relation to the earlier Beatles recording. This version is from the soundtrack of McCartney's film Give My Regards to Broad Street. Chris and Jayne hated the movie but really liked that version of the song."It's sort of our version of a dream sequence," says Chris, referring to their routine."And I'm Eleanor," Jayne says simply.For those that have not seen Jayne and Chris in Ice Capades, they are fabulous as always. And the 'Eleanor Rigby' number is (personal opinion here) one of the best things they've ever done. She is the fragile title character, clad in muted white with pastel tones across the costume. He is a kind of dream lover to her, dressed in mostly black; he is both exciting and dangerous. She fears him, but she wants him too, and eventually her desire overcomes her fear. That is ultimately her undoing, as he twirls her round and round his body and she can do nothing but be manoeuvred at this will. It ends with her in a crucifix form across his back as he carries her off into the fog. She was right to fear him after all…"

Hat Trick 1987

Music: “Street Music” written and performed by William RussoKnown performance period 1987 – 1996Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: Challenge of the Champions Innsbruck Austria 1990Result: 1st World Professional Championships Landover Maryland 1996Result: 1st (Artistic Performance)

Also designed for the Ice Capades Tour, and continuing to be performed throughout the Russian All Stars Tour, this became their most enduring professional piece next to Encounter, entered for various professional competitions between 1990 and 1996 and regularly performed for audiences all over the world in various tours and special exhibitions. It even bred its own kind of full company sequel with Red Hat in the 1997 Stars on Ice Tour.

The premise of the dance is pure and very simple comedy almost of the Laurel and Hardy silent movie era – Chris owns a black hat but he spots a red hat which he sets out to claim, but Jayne literally cartwheels in a the last minute and claims it for herself, leaving Chris to re-don is rather battered looking old black hat. The rest of the dance sees the two dancers trick each other continually throughout the number into sealing the red hat and leaving the other with the black hat; this does not even stop at the end of the performance, instead they continue throughout the whole bow call until Chris leaves Jayne with both hats and walks off in disgust. Realising that she “really has done it now” she mimes mock shock/concern and hurries off after him.

The dance is brilliantly carried out and relies on perfect timing between Torvill and Dean throughout, not only in the juggling of the hats while skating at speed but in the many varied moves the carry out.

Paganini 1987

Music: Nicolò PaganiniKnown performance period 1987Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

Paganini is a full Company Ballet choreographed by Tatiana Tarasova, with Torvill and Dean, together with lead dancer Yuri Ovchinikov as the leads. The performance consists of many highly balletic dances between Torvill and Dean and a few solo performances with the other company members present on the ice. The piece does evoke traditional Russian ballet and both Torvill and Dean perform extremely well throughout with many beautiful and unique moves. The costumes are simple – Chris in a flamboyant white shirt piece and Jayne all in white, very similar, if not the same, as her costume in Shepherd’s Song. Originally filmed and performed for the one-off televised production with the Russian All Stars at the Luzhniki rink in Moscow in 1987, it is not clear whether it became a permanent part of the Russian All Stars Tour, but it seems likely that it was performed in at least the first five months of the Tour. It is not clear, whether another company performance they were working on, under Chris’s choreography, at the time: La Ronde was ever completed or performed. It would appear that it was probably disbanded and replaced with Akhnaton.

Excerpt taken from Torvill and Dean’s autobiography (Facing the Music: 1995:199):

"Tatiana wanted to do a story of Paganini, portraying two sides to his character. Niccolo Paganini was many things: the greatest violin virtuoso of the last century, a composer, the megastar of his day, and romantic adventurer devoured by melancholy. He had seemed to Tatiana to be a perfect hero for Russian – a soul in conflict with himself. Yuri Ovchinikov would be dancing Paganini’s crazy persona, Chris dancing the creative one, with Jayne as the great man’s muse. Neither of us took to the number, but restrained ourselves for the sake of a peaceful life."

Missing 1987

Music: Dolencias – IncantationKnown performance period 1987 - 1994Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

Performed to South American music, this routine was always very dimly lit for performance giving the impression of to people on the run, travelling at night and contenting with the elements. Chris wears grey-brown trousers and shirt, with Jayne in a simple one colour burnt red dress. The symmetry in this dance is stunning, particularly the spinning moves created specifically to demonstrate the despair of the dancers/characters. They performed this throughout the Russian All Stars Tour and at various exhibitions including the 1990 Sports Aid Gala and recreated it in 1994 for the American Artistry on Ice documentary.

Excerpt taken from Torvill and Dean’s autobiography (Facing the Music: 1995:201):

"One thing that required our attention was Chris’s response to some Andean music, which reminded him of the terrible things – particularly the officially sanctioned kidnappings – that had been happening in Chile and Argentina in recent years. The subject was very much in the air after the Falklands War, and more recently the Costa Gavras movie, Missing. Chris saw in his mind those who had vanished, the fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, lovers, friends and children, and devised a series of movements linking two people who could be seen as friends or brother and sister, confronting authority, cowering before it, searching for lost loved ones, and ending where they started, in limbo."

Akhnaton 1987Music: Akhnation – Philip GlassKnown performance period 1987 – 1989Versions available on video/dvd or internet: none known

Akhnaton is another company performance devised for the Russian All Stars Tour that was never commercially released on film, and no known copies exist. The costumes were of traditional Egyptian royalty design. The piece received good reviews including repeated praise in the "New York Times", and they refer to the piece regularly in their autobiography.

Excerpt taken from Torvill and Dean’s autobiography (Facing the Music: 1995:202):

"Chris had been interested for a while in ancient Middle Eastern history, and on a trip to London immersed himself in the Egyptian room of the British Museum. He liked the feel of the mythology, Isis and Osiris, Pharaoh as god, the idea of dying as rebirth into the real world, the richness of the funerary ornamentation, all that gold lapis lazuli, the stylised poses in the paintings, the hieroglyphics, and in particular the love story of Akhnaton and his queen Nefertiti. Then by chance we came across the CD of a new opera by Philip Glass, called, of all things Akhnaton. This is not exactly top ten material – minimalist style, vastly long phrases of repeated notes, but in mood just what Chris was looking for. All we needed was to reduce a three-hour epic to 30 minutes. To do that demanded total immersion in the story and imagery. It was an odd thing to do, which involved some long negotiations on our behalf with Philip Glass himself."

"The dance opened with a strong image to seize and hold the audience. A huge pyramid of silk, 25-foot square at its base, was being admired by modern tourists. Suddenly, a line attached to the top whipped the pyramid up and away, revealing the world of ordinary Egyptians in the 14th Century BC, all in skirts and sandal-like skates. Chris as the Pharaoh made his entry carried on a throne, which led into a love sequence with Jayne as Nefertiti, then a rebellion by the people and a royal death, leaving Jayne/Nefertiti in mourning."

Ragtime Poker 1987

Music: Known performance period 1987 – 1990Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

Widely available on the Russian All Stars video realised in 1990, the group number involved the whole company dressed up as a pack of cards – representing different suits, numbers and court characters. It is a very light hearted piece with little substance and was clearly provided as accessible comic relief from the other more demanding group pieces. Jayne and Chris come on at the end with the spades. Each dancer carries a large representing card, Jayne’s is the Queen of Spades and Chris’s is the King. Jayne skates mainly with the female skaters in a group, with Chris joining them, defending them from the comic advances of the Joker in the pack. Chris wears black trousers, white shirt and waistcoat with a sparkly red bowtie and jacket with gold lapels. Jayne has a very short flashy red dress with a spade in the middle.

Snow Maiden 1987

Music: The Procession of the Tsar Berendy – Rimski-KoraskovKnown performance period 1987 – 1990Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

Presumably designed at the beginning of the All Stars Tour, though possibly not until later in the run, this is something of a forgotten masterpiece, even though it has always been available on the Russian All Stars video. Both are dressed in shiny white outfits with blue and move embroidery. The ice is lit a wintry blue and the movements take full advantage of the images of Husky-drawn slays, winter pageants, and snow covered landscapes that the music evokes so successfully. The dance is immensely fast and yet graceful at the same time. It actually begins in a static lift already posed as the lights go up, and it contains many large lifts from then on. Jayne leaps effortlessly onto Chris’s shoulders on a number of occasions and, in one move, even leaps all the way round him, going above his head, with seemingly very little assistance (they later incorporated this move into Mack and Mabel for their Face the Music Tour in the mid nineties). It contains many symmetrical dance steps and large sweeping arm gestures, with a succession of impressive lifts and a series of symmetrical jumps and leaps carried out in perfect unison with each other, giving the impression of animals running through the forest. Unique to this dance is a series of two symmetrical steps where they literally leap high into the air together but leaning forward with their inside leg bent as they plunge back to the ground, putting their outside leg straight out behind them. The move actually makes them look like two stags leaping and bounding and thrusting their antlers forward. The piece ends with Jayne throwing herself onto Chris, who bends with Jayne balanced on his knees, and allows himself to fall flat on to his back, ending with Jayne suspended in the air held up by Chris, forming a dramatic and very beautiful final tabloe as Chris continues to guide across the ice on his back.

Echoes of Ireland 1989

Music: Known performance period 1989 – 1992Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: Challenge of the Champions Innsbruck Austria 1990Result: 1st (10,10,10,10,10,10,10 – Artistic) (10,10,10,9.9,10,10,9.9 – Technical)

Devised initially as one of the new extra pieces for the second leg of the Russian All Stars Tour, this piece went on to be performed for competition to win the World Professional Championships in 1990, and they were still performing a section of it by their 1992 Ukrainian Tour. In the 1992 “Simply the Best” documentary, Chris states “in Echoes of Ireland we visited the country to get an idea of the people and their music before we choreographed this piece for the ice”. The finished piece is actually an ensemble of three quite separate routines, which they later performed in different orders or simply on their own. The first is a tradition light hearted Irish gig with some very clever footwork. The second is a more sombre dance done to older tradition Irish Folk music. The third piece is a more modern piece: a very beautiful new age number done to a song sung by an Irish female artist. This final dance includes an unusual lift where Jayne jumps up and sits high upon one of Chris’s shoulders facing this opposite way from him. The costumes consist of brown trousers, cream shirt, yellow neck-a-chief and green-check waistcoat for Chris, and an off-orange dress, with embroidered collar and sleeves, and white apron for Jayne.

Revolution / Imagine 1989

Music: Revolution – The Beatles / Imagine – John LennonKnown performance period 1989 – 1990Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Result: 1st (10,9.9,10,9.9,10,10,10)

Performed during the latter half of the All Stars Tour and also used to win the 1990 World Professional Championships, this piece is very different from any other they performed. It was highly technical, physically demanding with a lot of high and drawn-out lifts, and visually very impressive. True to the style of music, Revolution is extremely fast paced and performed with an aggression that neither had displayed before. The movements express violence, dissent, anguish and entrapment. The costumes were very sophisticated in style, Chris wore back trousers white open necked shirt and a smart black and purple waistcoat. Jayne wore black trousers and a voluminous silk white blouse. What was particularly unusual about Jayne’s costume was that she actually wore back skates to bend right in with her trousers. While Chris always wore skates the dominant colour of his costume, even when in trousers Jayne rarely ever did, consistently skating in white skates in nearly all routines.

Excerpt taken from Torvill and Dean’s autobiography (Facing the Music: 1995:227 – 228):

"Revolution was most ambitious. Its inspiration was a Montréal dance group we had seen in Sydney with the odd name of La La La Human Steps, whose rapid, machine-gun, staccato movements were unlike anything we had seen before. Chris thought the technique might be adapted for the ice, if we replaced the dancers’ lifts and throws with quick-fire upper-body movements. It was long, fast and very testing, not only of our abilities as dancers, but also as actors, in particular Jayne, who had to go completely against character, with vicious movements and displays of anger. That was new, not only for her: nobody to our knowledge had done anything like this on ice before."

In the 1991 Blade Runners documentary Jayne says: "“I didn’t like Revolution at first because I’m not an aggressive person, so it was good that he pushed it because it brought out another side of me – another character that I could portray”. Chris then goes on to explain the theme of the piece, and explains how it leads into imagine and why the perform the two pieces together: “the idea is of it’s a young couple that have been married for a few years and it’s not that fairytale life of happiness. Which happens to a lot of people – that something goes wrong and tension builds and anger grows within that. And I wanted to put that onto the ice – this raw aggression – and overstate it – so that, for people sitting right the way back, it becomes literal though body. But it follows on in a sort of resolve – not necessarily a happy ending – it then goes into Imagine. Maybe there is something else, maybe there is a compromise or at least an understanding of their situation. They may not get back together or it may not be resolved but they’ve analysed that they have a problem and maybe there is something to work towards and achieve a happier solution”."

Arc of the Bell 1989

Music: Arvo PartKnown performance period 1989 – 1990Versions available on video/dvd or internet: none known

Little is known of this piece other than it is a modern piece by composer Arvo Part (source: Facing the Music: 1995:227). It has never been commercially available and no footage has come to light on the internet. It was the third routine designed in 1989 for the second leg of the Russian All Stars Tour.

Oscar Tango 1990

Music: Simon Jeffes & Piers HarryKnown performance period: 1990 – 1992Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yesCompetition: World Professional Championships Result: 1st

When Torvill and Dean decided to compete professionally again in 1990, they used three pieces already designed for both the Ice Capades and the Russian All Stars, but Oscar Tango was the one new piece specifically designed as the technical routine for the World Professional Championships which they went on to win. The piece is entirely unique in that the first minute and a half is skated in total silence, with the music only beginning after this time. In that time Jayne and Chris stamp out a series of extremely precise, sharp and fast tango steps entirely separately of each other, but in complete unison and perfect split second timing. In the “Story So Far…” video released in 1996 Chris explains that “the movements in the silence represents the typical tango, but as the music begins we wanted to express the inner feelings of these two dancers”. However, it could also be interpreted that they are dancing with other partners during the silence (both hold a stance as if miming holding an invisible partner) for whom they feel no connection, only to lose all rigidity when they find each other, instead experiencing total connection, fluidity of movement and emotion through dancing with each other. The costumes were a patterned blend of sky, royal and navy blues starting light at the top and getting gradually darker. A lot of new moves were created for this piece, many of which they would call upon again throughout the routines them devised from1994 – 1998. This included a whole series of moves that were lifted direct from Oscar Tango and placed within the Olympic version of ‘Lets Face the Music’, moves that were to be repeated in ‘In My Life’ and highly strenuous move whereby Chris lifts Jayne upside down and she puts her legs vertically in the air high above his head, before swinging them back down to lie vertically across Chris balancing on his bent knees. This move was used again in ‘In Trutina’ during their 1995-96 World Tour, and again for ‘Bridge Over Troubled Water’ also devised in 1995. They created the move once more in 2006, this time incorporating it into their shortened and redesigned version of Bolero.

Iceworks / Tilt 1991

Music: Andy Shepherd Known performance period: 1991Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

In 1990, the BBC programme Omnibus approached Torvill and Dean to do a programme on their choreography. The documentary focused on how their choreography had advanced during their professional years, away from the rigid rules of amateur competition, focusing on the comic performance of Hat Trick, the political expression of Missing, the technical accomplishment of Oscar Tango and the stylistic performance of Revolution / Imagine. The documentary also scored a first by persuading Chris and Jayne to produce an entirely new dance especially for it. The piece was named Iceworks for the documentary but later named Tilt when performed at events. As a televisual piece Iceworks was able to have dry ice effects, an artistic backdrop and highly evocative lighting effects. The up-and-coming Jazz composer, Andy Sheppard was asked to compose an entirely new piece of music specifically for the routine, and Chris worked closely with him on the composition process. The music was derived initially by blending saxophone with the sound of Chris and Jayne’s blades gliding across the ice, thereafter a beat kicks in together with a slightly ethereal simple tune. The costumes consisted of matching (though not identical) all-in-one tight fitting pieces consisting of a mix of pastel colours: yellow, pink, move and blue.

Designing this dance was fraught with difficulty for both Chris and Jayne:

“I couldn’t relate to the stark, modern music that had been commissioned by the Omnibus people. To be frank, I couldn’t understand Chris’s ideas for the music, couldn’t understand what he was trying to get me to do” (source: Facing the Music: 1995:227 – 228). They were working to a tight deadline for the programme but in the end the pressure became too much and the programme was delayed with the BBC’s agreement. Jayne took a two week break with her just-married husband Phil Christensen before returning to start work with Chris on Oscar Tango. Iceworks was later completely for transmission as part of Omnibus in 1991, and achieved the highest viewing figures ever for the programme.

Skater’s Waltz 1992 (Group Number)

Music: WaldteufelKnown performance period: 1992Versions available on video/dvd or internet: none known

This was the opening number of the 1992 Best of Torvill and Dean Tour that they performed with a Ukrainian ice dancing company. Only a small clip of it is known to be available on the internet, so not an awful lot is known about the dance except that it is a group number with Torvill and Dean performing with the whole company. Their costumes in this piece are possible their most unusual of any of their performances. Jayne wears a white fur hat, a blue velvet dress with white fur finish and ornate and decorative gold ties and buttons pattern in the middle. Chris similarly wears a blue velvet top piece, with the same gold effect, white trousers with a single blue stripe on each leg and a velvet blue jacket with fur finish slung over his shoulder throughout the routine. The final section of this show had a weather theme, and the final bow call was done to Over the Rainbow which has the whole company skate on, with Torvill and Dean arriving last to take their bow last with the whole company.

Stormy Weather 1992

Music: Harold Arien and Ted KoechierKnown Performance Period: 1992Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

A love on the rocks number, with similarities in theme to Revolution, but this piece is more suggestive of heartbreak, rejection, possibly that of a couple going through divorce or the discovery of an affair or some other deception. Chris wears the same pale grey-blue outfit that he wears for the later performances of Encounter, while Jayne wears a stunning silky grey-silver dress that swirls out at the bottom and genuinely does conger image of storm clouds. It is a very fluid piece with a lot of swinging motions

Low Comotion 1992

Music: Ry CooderKnown Performance Period: 1992Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

Another unique piece where Chris and Jayne really experiment with a new type of music and a very different type of footwork. The routine is very fast and demanding with including a section where they skate backwards away from each other and back in a series of three, each time bringing their inside blades within inches of each other relying on absolutely perfect judgement. Many of Torvill and Dean’s routines involve the display of one particular move three times in a row and this routine plays a joke on this concept when Chris flips Jayne over three-sixty twice in a row, with Jayne flipping Chris the third time and then flexing her muscles at the audience. They perform the routine in Texas-style barn dance costumes both in straw hat and blue denim dungarees, Jayne with a red and white check lumberjack shirt, pigtails and freckles and Chris wearing a neck-a-chief. In the 1992 Simply the Best documentary Jayne explains that the characters are based loosely on those in The Tales of Tom Sawyer. The dance is extremely fast, but then when the music peters out at the end, the dancers seem to lose interest or even remember what they were doing and they just stroll off the ice. There was a company piece called Hoedown which either preceded or followed this routine, but it is not clear whether or not Torvill and Dean were actually in the group number.

Drum Duet 1993

Music: GenesisKnown Performance Period: 1993Versions available on video/dvd or internet: yes

This was the last new routine that they choreographed before they began work on their Olympic routines. The costumes are extremely colourful and deliberately clashing. Jayne wears pink leg-ins, red shirt and orange waistcoat and Chris wear blue trousers, purple, pink and blue shirt and garish blue waistcoat. The music is a series of drumbeats/percussion to which they skate in a long series of intricate steps at speed across the ice. This includes a lot of fast backwards sections, separate jumps, twists and turns in complete unison. The piece was designed for their stint as guest artists on the Tom Collins Tour of World Figure Skating Champions.

In Trutina 1994

Paper Backwriter 1994

In My Life 1994

Lucy in the Sky 1994

Cecelia 1995

Bridge Over Troubled Water 1995

Still Crazy 1995 (performed again in 1998 as their final dance before retiring)

Six Gestures 1996

Take Five 1996

Mumbo Jumbo 1997

Red Hat 1997

Winter Express 1997

Exotic Fish 1997

Jazz Fish 1997

Flying Fish 1997

The Hockey Event 1997

Only He Will Do 1997

New Years Eve Final 1997

Still Crazy 1998

Lets Face the Music / Mack and Mabel / Barnum / Sing Sing Sing / Bolero tributes 2006

Viva Las Vegas 2006

Let Me Entertain You 2006

Foot Loose 2006

Angels 2006

It’s a Kind of Magic 2007

Imagine 2007

Diamonds are a Girl’s Best Friend 2007

I Like the Way You Move 2007

These Boots are made for Walking 2007

Shine 2007

Putting on the Ritz 2007

Moon Dance 2007

Over the Rainbow 2007

Bolero Unplugged 2007

Gold 2007

Get this Party Started (Shirley Bassi version) 2008

Feelin' Good 2008

World of our Own (Westlife) 2008

One (Jayne with ensemble) 2008

Fields of Gold 2008

Sixities Group Number 2008

Valerie 2008

Sway 2008

Footprints in the Sand 2008

Bolero revisited (with Julian Lloyd Webber) 2008

The Best is Yet to Come 2008


External links

* [ TandDTalk - A Torvill and Dean Forum]
* [ Unreality TV - News of Torvill and Dean on ITVs Dancing On Ice]
* [ Video Footage: Bolero - Torvill and Dean - 1984 Olympics]

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