List of endorheic basins

List of endorheic basins

The following is a list of endorheic basins — watersheds which do not drain to the sea.

Africa

* Chott Melrhir (Algeria)
* Chott Ech Chergui (Algeria)
* Chott el Hodna (Algeria)
* Tidikelt Depression (Algeria)
** Sebkha Azzel Matti
** Sebhka Mekerrhane
* Tunisian salt lakes (Tunisia)
** Chott el Djerid
** Chott el Gharsa
* Qattara Depression (Egypt)
* Siwa Depression (Egypt)
* Lake Chad Basin (Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria)
* Western Equatorial Crater Lakes (Cameroon)
** Lake Barombi Mbo
** Lake Bermin
** Lake Dissoni/Soden
** Lake Benakouma
** Lake Kotto
** Lake Mboandong
* Northern Eastern Rift (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia)
** Afar Depression (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia)
** Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes (Ethiopia)
* Lake Turkana Basin (Ethiopia, Kenya)
* Southern Eastern Rift (Kenya, Tanzania)
** Lake Logipi (Kenya)
** Lake Baringo (Kenya)
** Lake Bogoria (Kenya)
** Lake Nakuru (Kenya)
** Lake Elmenteita (Kenya)
** Lake Naivasha (Kenya)
** Lake Magadi (Kenya)
** Lake Natron (Tanzania)
** Lake Eyasi (Tanzania)
* Lake Rukwa (Tanzania)
* Lake Chilwa (Malawi)
* Lake Chiuta (Malawi, Mozambique)
* Etosha Basin (Angola, Namibia)
* Okavango Basin (Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe)

Antarctica

* Lake Vanda
* Lake Vida

Australia

* Lake Eyre Basin (Queensland, New South Wales, Northern Territory, South Australia), which drains into the highly variable Lake Eyre and includes Lake Frome.
* Lake Torrens (South Australia)
* Lake Corangamite (western Victoria)
* Lake George (New South Wales), formerly connected to the Murray-Darling Basin.

Eurasia

* Caspian Sea Basin (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia) Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkey, Turkmenistan) including the Volga River.
* Aral Sea Basin (Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) including the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers.
* Lake Balkhash Basin (China, Kazakhstan)
* Emin Valley (China, Kazakhstan)
* Issyk-Kul, Son-Kul and Chatyr-Kul lakes (Kyrgyzstan)
* Dzungarian Basin (China)
** Ebinur Lake
* Uvs Nuur basin (Mongolia, Russia)
* Hyargas Lake, Har Us Lake, Har Lake (Mongolia, Russia)
* Tarim Basin (China)
** Lop Nur
* Gobi Desert (China, Mongolia)
* Qinghai Lake (China)
* Qaidam Basin (China)
* Tibetan Plateau (China)
** Nam Lake
** Siling Lake
** Tangra Lake
** Ngangze Lake
** Taro Lake
** Ngangla Ringco
** Zhari Namco
** Dagze Lake
** Dogai Coring Lake
* Sistan Basin (Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan)
* Hamun-e Mashkid (Iran, Pakistan)
* Hari River, Afghanistan (Tedzhen River) (Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan)
* Murgab River (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan)
* Iranian Plateau (Iran)
**Bejestan
**Dasht-e Kavir
**Dasht-e Lut
**Zaindeh Rud
**Hamun-e Jaz Murian
**Kor River (Kor Rud)
**Lake Maharlu
**Namak Lake
**Sirjan
**Yazd
* Lake Urmia (Iran)
* Lake Van (Turkey)
* Central Anatolian lakes (Turkey)
** Lake Tuz
** Lake Beyşehir
** Lake Eğirdir
** Lake Burdur
** Lake Acıgöl
* Syrian Desert Basins (Syria, Jordan)
** Sabkhat al Muh (Syria)
** Buhayrat al 'Utaybah (Syria)
* Arabian Plateau (Saudi Arabia)
** Wadi Rima
** Wadi Dawasir
* Dead Sea Basin (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian Territories, Syria)
* Sambhar Lake (India)
* Neusiedlersee (Austria)
* Lake Trasimeno (Italy)
* Laguna de Gallocanta (Spain)

North America

* Quill Lakes, Lenore Lake, and Basin Lake (Saskatchewan)
* Coteau du Missouri-Old Wives Lake (Saskatchewan)
* Great Sand Hills-Crane Lake and Bigstick Lake (Saskatchewan)
* Pakowki Lake (Alberta)
* Manito, Tramping, Buffalo, and Sullivan lakes (Alberta, Saskatchewan)
* Coteau des Prairies (North Dakota)
** Devil's Lake
* Devil's Lake (Wisconsin)
* Great Divide Basin (Wyoming)
* Crater Lake (Oregon)
* Great Basin (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
** Oregon Lakes (California, Oregon)
*** Harney Basin (Harney and Malheur lakes) (Oregon)
*** Alvord Lake (Oregon)
*** Goose Lake (California, Oregon)
*** Sumner and Silver lakes (Oregon)
** North Lahontan Basin (California, Nevada, Oregon), a number of endorheic basins that were part of ancient Lake Lahontan
*** Black Rock Desert (Nevada)
*** Pyramid Lake-Truckee River-Lake Tahoe (California, Nevada)
*** Groom Dry Lake (Nevada)
*** Carson Sink-Carson River (Nevada)
*** Walker Lake-Walker River (California, Nevada)
*** Humboldt Sink (Nevada)
*** Quinn River (Nevada)
*** Honey Lake-Eagle Lake (California)
** Bonneville Basin (Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming), a number of endorheic basins that were part of ancient Lake Bonneville
*** Great Salt Lake Basin (Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
*** Sevier Lake (Utah)
** South Lahontan (California, Nevada)
*** Mono Lake (California)
*** Ancient Lake Manly (California, Nevada)
**** Death Valley-Amargosa River (California, Nevada)
**** Panamint Valley (California)
**** Searles Lake (California)
**** Owens Lake (California)
**** China Lake (California)
**** Pahrump Valley (California, Nevada)
*** Mojave River (California)
*** Rogers and Rosamond lakes (California)
* Salton Sea (California, Baja California)
* Zuni Salt Lake (New Mexico)
* Tularosa Basin (New Mexico, Texas)
*Guzmán Basin (northern Mexico, southwestern New Mexico)
*Bolsón de Mapimí (northern Mexico)
*Llanos el Salado (central Mexico)
*Valley of Mexico (central Mexico)
*Lago de Atitlán (Guatemala)

outh America

*Altiplano (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru) includes Lake Titicaca, Lake Poopo, and the Salar de Uyuni.
*Lake Valencia (Venezuela)
*Desagues de los Colorados (northeastern Argentina)
*Dulce River (Argentina)-Laguna de Mar Chiquita (north-central Argentina)
*Northwest Pampas Basins (Dry Pampas of central Argentina)
*Southwest Pampas Basins (Dry Pampas of central Argentina)
*Meseta Somuncura (Patagonia region of southern Argentina)

Ancient

Some of the Earth's ancient endorheic systems include:
* The Black Sea, until its merger with the Mediterranean
* The Mediterranean Sea itself and all its tributary basins, during its Messinian dissecation (5 mya aprox.) as it became disconnected from the Atlantic Ocean.
* Ebro and Duero basins, draining most of northern Spain during the Neogene and perhaps Pliocene.

References

*Africa
** Thieme, Michelle L. (2005). "Freshwater Ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: A Conservation Assessment". Island Press, Washington DC. pages 24-25.
** "Cameroon Crater Lakes", World Wildlife Fund [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/g200/g186.html]
* Australia
* Eurasia
** "Freshwater Fishes of Iran: Drainage Basins" [http://www.briancoad.com/Introduction/Drainage%20Basins.htm]
* North America
** "Watersheds" map in the "North American Atlas" [http://www.cec.org/naatlas/watersheds.cfm]
** Ricketts, Taylor H., Eric Dinerstein, David M. Olson, Colby J. Loucks, et al. (1999). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: a Conservation Assessment". Island Press, Washington DC. pages 26-29.
* South America
** Olson, D., Dinerstein, E., Canevari, P., Davidson, I., Castro, G., Morisset, V., Abell, R., and Toledo, E.; eds. (1998). "Freshwater Biodiversity of Latin America and the Caribbean: A Conservation Assessment." Biodiversity Support Program, Washington DC., pages xiv-xv, 24-26.


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