- Penryn, Cornwall
Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 6,227 (Census 2001) [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=792767&c=Penryn&d=16&e=15&g=430100&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Neighbourhood Statistics for the Parish of Penryn from ONS (accessed 7 December 2007).] ]
region= South West England
constituency_westminster= Falmouth and Camborne
postcode_district = TR10
Penryn ( _kw. Pennrynn, from "Pen-ryn" meaning 'promontory') is a
townin Cornwall, England, UK on the Penryn river. Although now the area is largely dominated by Falmouth, in the medievalperiod it was an important harbourin its own right, exporting graniteand tin. There are 7,166 (2001 census) people living in Penryn. Penryn is twinned with Audiernein Brittany, France. The town has a station on the Maritime Linefrom Truroto Falmouth.
Penryn is one of Cornwall's most ancient towns, with a wealth of charm, character and history. These lands appear in Domesday Book under the name of Trelivel. Penryn was founded in 1216. The borough was enfranchised and its Charter of Incorporation was made in 1236. The contents of this Charter were embodied in a confirmation by Bishop Walter Bronescombe in the year 1275. [Roddis] In 1265, a religious college, called
Glasney Collegewas built in Penryn. In 1374, the chapel of St. Thomas (sometimes called St. Mary) was opened. Standing at the head of the Penryn River, Penryn occupies a sheltered position and was a port of some significance in the 15th century. When Henry VIIIbegan disestablishing the Roman Catholicchurch, Glasney was torn down in 1548.
By the 1600s, the port was thriving with the trade in Cornish
tinand copper. From 1554, Penryn held a parliamentary constituency, which became Penryn and Falmouth in 1832. The constituency was abolished in 1950, with Penryn becoming part of the Falmouth and Camborne constituency. It received a royal charter as a borough in 1621.
Penryn was the home of Thomas Pellow (born circa 1704) who spent 23 years as a white slave in Morroco. Pellow's story is told in his autobiography, "The History of the Long Captivity and Adventures of Thomas Pellow" (1740) and in "White Gold:The Extaordinary Story of Thomas Pellow and Islam's One Million White Slaves" (2007) by
In the early 19th century, granite works were established by the river and large quantities of the stone were shipped from its quays for construction projects both in the UK and abroad.
Today, Penryn is a bustling town and has managed to retain an enormous amount of its heritage. With a large proportion of its buildings dating back to Tudor, Jacobean and Georgian times, the town has been designated as an important Conservation area. The local museum is housed in the Town Hall and brings the history to life. The town is in the parish of
St Gluvias.Penryn has a small but active Rotary Club dedicated to working with and for the local community.
Penryn railway stationwas opened by the Cornwall Railwayon 24 August 1863. It is towards the north west end of the town and is served by regular trains from Truroto Falmouth on the Maritime Line.
In 2004, the
TremoughCampus was completed, creating the hub of the Combined Universities in Cornwall(CUC) project. It provides a new home for the Institute of Cornish Studiesand the University of Exeter's world-renowned Camborne School of Mines, which has moved from Camborne, where it has been for over a century. The Campus also houses departments of University College Falmouth, which is based in the centre of Falmouth. Currently, the campus is undergoing work for its second phase, which includes increased student accommodation and new teaching areas.
There are currently three schools in Penryn:
*Penryn Infant School
*Penryn Junior School
Penryn College[ [http://www.penryn-college.cornwall.sch.uk/about.htm Penryn College website] ]
* Roddis, Roland, "Penryn, The History of an ancient Cornish Borough", 1964
* Warmington, Ernie, Penryn - People, Places, Postcards,Photographs, 1998, Printed in Mabe, Published by author, Reprinted 2007
title=Around Penryn (Images of England series)
* [http://uk.geocities.com/rlindsell/linkstoall/penryn/6.jpgPhotograph of Penryn Clock Tower]
* [http://cornwall.darlingranges.com/chat/focus-on-penryn/ Focus on Penryn]
* [http://www.penryncornwall.com/ Penryn Historical and Genealogical Information]
* [http://crocat.cornwall.gov.uk/dserve/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=((text)='penryn') Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for Penryn]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Penryn Encyclopedia Britannica]
* [http://www.rotary-ribi.org/clubs/homepage.asp?ClubID=1051penrynrotary.co.uk/The Rotary Club of Penryn]
* [http://www.penrynfunrun.co.uk/ Penryn Fun Run]
* [http://www.whats-on-in-falmouth.co.uk/ Events and entertainment in Penryn, Falmouth and area]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.