- Arthur Mourant
name = Arthur Mourant
image_width = 200px
caption = Bust of Arthur Mourant at La
birth_date = birth date|1904|4|11|mf=y
La Hougue Bie, Jersey
nationality = British
death_date = death date and age|1994|8|29|1904|4|11
alma_mater = Exeter College, Oxford University
known_for = Biological anthropology and distribution
Arthur Ernest Mourant (
April 11, 1904– August 29, 1994) was a British chemist, hematologist and geneticistwho pioneered research into biological anthropology and its distribution, genetics, clinical and laboratory medicine, and geology.
Mourant graduated from Oxford University with honours in chemistry and a Doctor of Philosophy in geology in 1931. He was an early advocate of the then discredited Wegener theory of continental drift, which subsequently gained acceptabtability as
plate tectonics. When he left Oxford he failed to find a position in his chosen discipline and returned to his childhood home of Jersey, where he set up a pathologylaboratory.
He later studied medicine and surgery at St Bartholomew's Medical College, London, joining the
Galton LaboratorySerum Unit in 1946 and then founding the Blood Group Reference Laboratory in London, where he was director for 20 years.
He pioneered a study of hematology of the worldwide distribution of blood groups. This work help build the genetic map of the world by studying and classifying blood groups across many populations and ethnic groups. His book, "The Distribution of the Human Blood Groups", definitively drew together current knowledge on
blood groupsand their distribution. It launched anthropologyon a new scientific basis as it described the genetic evidence for biological relationships, and allowed theories of population genetics to be developed and examined. This had far-reaching effects on medicine, research into genetic diseases, blood transfusion, and public health.
Mourant also studied the new
blood group antigensof the Lewis, Henshaw, Kell, and Rhesus systems, biological polymorphisms, and animal serological characteristics for fish stocks and cattle breeds.
Amongst his many honours and recognitions, he gained a Fellowship of the
Royal Society, the Huxley Memorial Medal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Landsteiner Memorial Award of the American Association of Blood Banksand honorary member of the Human Biology Council.
* The Distribution of the Human Blood Groups and Other Polymorphisms, 1954, updated 1976.
* The ABO Blood Groups, 1958
* Blood Groups and Disease, 1978
* The Genetics of the Jews, 1978
* Blood Relations 1983
* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3659/is_199704/ai_n8781633/pg_1 Obituary: Arthur Mourant from Human Biology, Apr 1997 by Derek F Roberts]
NAME= Mourant, Arthur
SHORT DESCRIPTION= British Genetic anthropologist
DATE OF BIRTH=
April 11 1904
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
August 29 1994
PLACE OF DEATH=
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