Mitsumi Shimizu

Mitsumi Shimizu
Mitsumi Shimizu
Mitumi Shimizu.jpg
Mitsumi Shimizu
Born March 16, 1888
Nagano prefecture, Japan
Died May 5, 1971(1971-05-05) (aged 83)
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch  Imperial Japanese Navy
Years of service 1908-1943
Rank Vice Admiral
Battles/wars World War II

Mitsumi Shimizu (清水 光美 Shimizu Mitsumi?, March 16, 1888 – May 5, 1971) was a Vice Admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II.



Shimizu was a native of Nagano prefecture. He graduated 24th out of 191 cadets from the 36th class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, in July 1908. His classmates included future admirals Chuichi Nagumo and Nishizō Tsukahara.[1] He served his midshipman duty on the cruiser Soya, battleship Katori and cruiser Hashidate, and as an ensign on the battlecruiser Ikoma and Sagami. He subsequently served in the Personnel Department of the Navy Ministry, specializing in legal affairs and accounting. However, realizing that the key to promotion in the navy was via command of a vessel, he requested a transfer as a lieutenant commander in 1925 to a submarine tender, and was appointed XO of the commander in 1929, and became captain of the cruiser Tama in 1931. In November 1934, he received command of the battleship Ise, and in 1935 became Chief of staff of the Sasebo Naval District.[3] He was promoted to rear admiral the same year. He became a vice admiral in 1939.

In June 1940, Shimizu was appointed commander in chief of the IJN Training Fleet. However, in July 1941, he was transferred to take command of the IJN 6th Fleet, which consisted of the Japanese submarine forces. He was serving in this capacity during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and authorized the midget submarine force which attempted to penetrate American defenses at the start of the attack.[4]

On 1 February 1942, an American task force raided Kwajalein, Wotje, and Maloelap in the Marshall Islands, sinking three ships, damaging eight, and destroying numerous airplanes and ground facilities. Enterprise received only minor damage in the Japanese counterattack, and for his failure to sink the aircraft carrier with his submarines, Shimizu was re-assigned in July 1942 to take command of the IJN 1st Fleet. The IJN 1st Fleet consisted of the Japanese battleship fleet, and was held in reserve waiting for the "decisive battle" under the Japanese kantai kessen doctrine, so the transfer meant that Shimizu was removed from front line service. However, on 8 June 1943, while anchored in Kure harbor, the Japanese battleship Mutsu exploded and sank in an accident. Shimizu was forced to accept responsibility, and retired from active service on 21 February 1944.[citation needed]



  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Ito, Masanori (1986 (reissue)). The End of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Jove. ISBN 0515086827. 
  • Boyd, Carl (2002). The Japanese Submarine Force and World War II. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1557500150. 

External links


  1. ^
  2. ^ Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
  3. ^
  4. ^ Boyd, The Japanese Submarine Force and World War II pages 61-80

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Japanese cruiser Katori — nihongo| Katori |香取 was the lead ship of the Katori class of three light cruisers which served with the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. It is named after the noted Shinto shrine Katori Shrine in Chiba prefecture, Japan.Background… …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese battleship Ise — nihongo| Ise |伊勢 (戦艦)|Ise (senkan), was the lead ship of the two vessel Ise class battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which saw combat service during the Pacific War. Ise was named after Ise Province, one of the traditional provinces of… …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese cruiser Tama — in the Japanese 5th Fleet. Tama and Kiso were sent north to Hokkaidō, in Arctic white camouflage, on 2 December 1941, and were patrolling in the Kurile Islands, at the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Both cruisers hulls were damaged by severe …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (M) — # M 1941 Field Jacket # M 24 (Japanese midget submarine) # M B Etheredge # M class Minesweeper (Germany) # M class minesweeper # M Special Unit # M. A. Yegorov # M. R. D. Foot # M. Z. Kiani # Maori Battalion # Möbelwagen # Möhne Reservoir #… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikkei-Index — Der Nikkei 225 seit Januar 1970 Der Nikkei 225 (jap. 日経225; 日経平均株価, nikkei heikin kabuka, dt. „Nikkei Aktienpreis Durchschnitt“) ist einer von mehreren Aktienindizes der Zeitung Nihon Keizai Shimbun, zur Messung der Entwicklung der Tokioter Börse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikkei 225 — Stammdaten Staat Japan Börse Tokioter Börse ISIN XC0009692440 WKN 969244 Symbol N225 RIC ^ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikkei 225 — (USD) …   Wikipedia

  • Nikkei 225 — Nikkei 225 …   Википедия

  • Nikkei 225 — Évolution de l indice Nikkei 225 entre 1970 et 2011. Le Nikkei 225 (日経225, Nikkei 225 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nikkeï — Nikkei 225 Le Nikkei 225 (日経225, Nikkei 225?) est le principal indice boursier de la bourse de Tōkyō. Le terme Nikkei est l abréviation de « Nihon Keizai Shinbun », le nom du quotidien économique qui publie cet indice. Il est composé de …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”