Ems-Occidental (Dutch: "Wester Eems" ;German: "West-Ems") is the name of a département of the
First French Empirein the present Netherlandsand Germany. It is named after the river Ems. It was formed in 1810, when the Kingdom of Hollandwas annexed by France. Its territory corresponds more or less with the present Dutch provinces Groningen and Drenthe. Its capital was Groningen. The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons:
* Groningen, cantons: Groningen (2 cantons),
Hoogezand, Leek and Zuidhorn.
Appingedam, cantons: Appingedam, Loppersum, Middelstumand Winsum.
Assen, cantons: Assen, Dalen, Hoogeveenand Meppel.
Winschoten, cantons: Jemgum, Wedde, Weenerand Winschoten.
After Napoleon was defeated in
1814, the département became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, except the canton Jemgumand most of Weener, which became part of the Kingdom of Hanover(presently part of Lower Saxony, Germany).
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