- Groningen (province)
Infobox Dutch Province
ename = Province of Groningen
dname = Provincie Groningen
common_name = Groningen
Clicksensitive map of provinces of the Netherlands|province=Groningen
capital = Groningen
Max van den Berg
religion_year = 1999
area_land = 2,336
area_water = 623
area_rank = 8th
population_year = 2006
population = 574,042
population_rank = 9th
density = 246
density_rank = 9th
ISO = GR
website = www.provinciegroningen.nl
Groningen pronunciation|000 Groningen.ogg is the northeasternmost province of the
Netherlands. In the east it borders the German state of Niedersachsen (districts of Leer and Emsland), in the south Drenthe, in the west Frieslandand in the north the Wadden Sea. The capitalof the province is the city of Groningen.
Land use in Groningen is mainly agricultural, it has a large
natural gas fieldnear Slochteren.
Originally a part of
Frisia, Groningen became a part of the Frankish Empirearound 785. Charlemagneassigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger. In the 11th century, the city of Groningen was a village in Drenthethat belonged to the Bishopric of Utrecht, while most of the province was in the diocese of Münster. During the Middle Ages, central control was remote, and the city of Groningen acted as a city state, exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. Around 1500, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperorgave Groningen and Friesland to Albert, Duke of Saxony, who could however not establish permanent control. In 1514/15 Groningen came to the Duchy of Guelders, and in 1536to the Habsburg Netherlands. In 1594, Groningen was conquered by the United Netherlands, to which it belonged henceforth.
East Groningen was the scene of a particularly fierce
class strugglein the 19th and 20th centuries. Perhaps not coincidentally, Groningen boasts the only municipality (Beerta) where the Communist Party of the Netherlandshas ever had a mayor( Hanneke Jagersma).
Groningen is home to a typical Low Saxon
dialectcalled " Gronings" ("Grönnegs" / "Grunnegs" in Gronings regional language), with local nuances. Nowadays, many inhabitants of the province do not speak the dialect, especially in the city of Groningen where many outsiders have moved.
People from Groningen Province
Cornelis Dopper, conductor and composer.
Albert Eckhout, painter.
Wiebbe Hayes, a Dutch soldier and national hero in the 1600s.
Lenie 't Hart, animal rightsactivist
Jozef Israëls, painter.
Aletta Jacobs, first woman to study medicinein the Netherlands.
Freek de Jonge, cabaretartist.
Jurrie Koolhof, former football striker. Played 106 matches for PSV Eindhoven.
Gerrit Krol, writer.
* Jan Mulder, former football player. Played for
* [http://www.provinciegroningen.nl Website of the Province]
* [http://www.groningen.nl Website of the Capital City]
* [http://www.dgs.nl Alternative Website of the Capital City (Local Shops and Small Businesses)]
* [http://www.groningeninkaart.nl Map of Groningen]
* [http://www.rug.nl Website of the University]
* [http://www.hanze.nl Website of the Polytechnic]
* [http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gemeentes/gemprovin.htm#GR Map of Province]
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