- Boeing Satellite Development Center
The Boeing Satellite Development Center is a major business unit of
BoeingIntegrated Defense Systems. It brings together Boeing satellite operations with that of Hughes Electronics' Space and Communications division.
Howard Hughes' Hughes Aircraft Company formed the Aerospace Group within the company, divided into:
*Hughes Space and Communications Group
*Hughes Space Systems Division
In 1953 the
Howard Hughes Medical Institute(HHMI) was formed, and Hughes Aircraft reformed as a subsidiary of the foundation. The charity status of the foundation allowed Hughes Aircraft to avoid taxes on its huge income. In 1961 the two Aerospace Group divisions were reformed as Hughes Space and Communications Company.
Hughes Space and Communications Company launched the first geosynchronous communications satellite,
Syncom, in 1963.
On April 5, 1976 Howard Hughes died at the age of 70, leaving no will. In 1984 the
Delaware Court of Chanceryappointed eight trustees of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, who decided to sell Hughes Aircraft to General Motors for $5.2 billion — this transaction was completed in 1985. GM merged Hughes Aircraft with its Delco Electronicsunit to form Hughes Electronics. This group then consisted of:
*Delco Electronics Corporation
*Hughes Aircraft Company
*Hughes Space and Communications Company
*Hughes Network Systems
In 1995 Hughes Space and Communications Company became the world's biggest supplier of commercial satellites. In 1997 GM transferred Delco Electronics from Hughes Electronics to its
Delphi Automotive Systemsand later in the year sold the aerospace and defense operations of Hughes Electronics (Hughes Aircraft) to Raytheon.
Hughes Space and Communications Company remained independent until 2000, when it was purchased by Boeing and became Boeing Satellite Development Center.
Hughes added the following to Boeing's portfolio:
MEASAT, Marcopolo, and others.
ProtoStar II, and others.
*HS-702, now the
US NavyUHF replacement- Military version of HS601
NASATracking and Data Relay Satellites — Communications with Space Shuttleand International Space Station.
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites.
*HSGEO Mobile — For Thuraya Satellite Communications,
United Arab Emirates, and soon for MSV.
The purchase of Hughes Space and Communications Company in 2000 gave Boeing an impressive range of products for design, manufacture, launch and support of satellites. This was in addition to Boeing Integrated Defense Systems' other space assets, e.g. Delta launch vehicles, older-generation GPS satellites, and
Rocketdyneand Rockwell's space operations (which include much of the hardware used in NASA's manned space program, such as the Space Shuttle, International Space Station, rocket engines, etc.)
Currently projects at the Boeing Satellite Development Center (spacecraft being designed, built, tested, or prepared for launch) are satellites made for
XM( satellite radio), DirecTV( satellite television), MSV (satellite mobile telephony), Spaceway (data networks), GPS(satellite navigation), and for the Wideband Global SATCOM systemand [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/tsat/index.html TSAT] projects (military communications). Designs for [http://www.space.com/spacenews/archive05/Isat_060605.html ISAT] (military orbital radar demonstrator), for additional GOES satellites ( meteorology), and for other spacecraft, are currently being developed and proposed.
Spectrolab— world's leading manufacturer of space solar cells and panels - http://www.spectrolab.com/
List of broadcast satellites
* [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/bss/index.html Boeing Satellite Development Center]
* [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/bss/programs.html Complete list of past satellites and space probes from Boeing Satellite Systems]
* [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/bss/programs_nscp.html Complete list of current navigation and communications satellites projects at Boeing Satellite Systems]
* [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space/bss/about/orders.html Complete list of satellites built on the 376, 601, and 702 platforms] (almost every BSS satellite is an adaptation of one of these three designs)
* [http://www.boeing.com/defense-space/space_exploration/index.html Boeing contributions to space exploration projects] , past (e.g.
X-15, Apollo) and current (e.g. Shuttle, ISS) - includes the work of companies since acquired by Boeing, such as Rockwell Internationaland North American Aviation.
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