Infobox Settlement
official_name = Pathein
other_name =also known as Bassein
native_name = _my. ပုသိမ်မြို့
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pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Pathein, Myanmar (Burma)
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Myanmar (Burma)
subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_name1 = Ayeyarwady Division
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unit_pref = Imperial
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population_total =300,000
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population_blank1_title =Ethnicities
population_blank1 =Bamar, Burmese Indians, Kayin
population_blank2_title =Religions
population_blank2 = Buddhism, Islam
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latd=16 |latm=46 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=94 |longm=43 |longs= |longEW=E
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Pathein (MYname|MY=ပုသိမ်မြို့့|MLCTS=pu. sim mrui.) (Bassein), is a city (1983 pop. 144,092) and the capital of Ayeyarwady Division, Myanmar. Lying at the western edge of the Ayeyarwady River delta, on the Pathein (Ngawan) River mi to km|118 west of Yangon, Pathein is accessible to large vessels and despite its distance from the ocean, it is the most important delta port outside of Yangon. It is also the terminus of a branch of the main railroad line. The town is a rice-milling and export centre.

The city's name may derive from "Pathi" (Burmese word for "Muslim"), due to the large population of Arab and Indian traders. The name was corrupted to "Bassein" during the British colonial period. The British built a fort and established a garrison in 1826, after the First Anglo-Burmese War.

Pathein has a scenic waterfront, many Buddhist temples, and Pathein umbrella workshops. The colourful handmade umbrellas made in Pathein are famous in Myanmar.Fact|date=February 2007

Although once part of the Mon kingdom, Pathein has few ethnic Mon residents today. There are sizable minorities of Karen and Rakhine.

The main sight of Pathein is Shwemokhtaw Paya, a Buddhist temple originally founded (according to local legend) by King Asoka of India in 305 BC. Bagan's King Alaungsithu raised the height of the stupa to 11 meters in 1115 AD, and King Samodogossa raised it to ft to m|131 in 1263 AD. The stupa is now ft to m|153|precision=1 tall, with the topmost layer made of lb to kg|13.9|wiki=yes|precision=1 of solid gold, the middle tier of pure silver, and the third tier of bronze, with some 829 diamonds, 843 rubies, and 1588 semi-precious stones.Fact|date=February 2007

The city is home to the Pathein Education College and Pathein University.

ee also

*Pathein Airport
*Pathein Cultural Museum

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pathein — ▪ Myanmar formerly  Bassein        city, southern Myanmar (Burma). It lies on the Bassein River, which is the westernmost distributary of the Irrawaddy River and is navigable by ships up to 10,000 tons. The city is a deepwater port and has… …   Universalium

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  • Pathein District — is a district of the Ayeyawady Division in south western Myanmar. It is located around the city of Pathein and includes the urban area of it. Pathein District is 4,208.42 square miles. Its population is 1,769,280 in December 31 2001.TownshipsThe… …   Wikipedia

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  • Pathein Cultural Museum — The Pathein Cultural Museum is a museum in Pathein, Ayeyarwady Division in Burma.Established in December 1990 it displays Pathein bamboo umbrellas, Buddha images, paintings, bronze drums, weapons, lacquer wares and clay pipes, folk, arts… …   Wikipedia

  • Bistum Pathein — Basisdaten Staat Myanmar Metropolitanbistum Erzbistum Yangon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Pathein — The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pathein (Lat: Diocesis Patheinensis ) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Burma. The diocese was erected as the diocese of Bassein in 1955, from the vicariate apostolic of Rangoon, which… …   Wikipedia

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