official_name = Pathein
other_name =also known as Bassein
native_name = _my. ပုသိမ်မြို့
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Pathein, Myanmar (Burma)
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
unit_pref = Imperial
Bamar, Burmese Indians, Kayin
latd=16 |latm=46 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=94 |longm=43 |longs= |longEW=E
Pathein (MYname|MY=ပုသိမ်မြို့့|MLCTS=pu. sim mrui.) (Bassein), is a city (1983 pop. 144,092) and the capital of
Ayeyarwady Division, Myanmar. Lying at the western edge of the Ayeyarwady Riverdelta, on the Pathein (Ngawan) River mi to km|118 west of Yangon, Pathein is accessible to large vessels and despite its distance from the ocean, it is the most important delta port outside of Yangon. It is also the terminus of a branch of the main railroadline. The town is a rice-milling and export centre.
The city's name may derive from "Pathi" (Burmese word for "Muslim"), due to the large population of
Araband Indian traders. The name was corrupted to "Bassein" during the British colonial period. The British built a fortand established a garrisonin 1826, after the First Anglo-Burmese War.
Pathein has a scenic waterfront, many Buddhist temples, and Pathein
umbrellaworkshops. The colourful handmade umbrellas made in Pathein are famous in Myanmar.Fact|date=February 2007
Although once part of the Mon kingdom, Pathein has few ethnic Mon residents today. There are sizable minorities of Karen and
The main sight of Pathein is Shwemokhtaw Paya, a
Buddhisttemple originally founded (according to local legend) by King Asokaof India in 305 BC. Bagan's King Alaungsithuraised the height of the stupato 11 meters in 1115 AD, and King Samodogossaraised it to ft to m|131 in 1263 AD. The stupa is now ft to m|153|precision=1 tall, with the topmost layer made of lb to kg|13.9|wiki=yes|precision=1 of solid gold, the middle tier of pure silver, and the third tier of bronze, with some 829 diamonds, 843 rubies, and 1588 semi-precious stones.Fact|date=February 2007
The city is home to the
Pathein Education Collegeand Pathein University.
Pathein Cultural Museum
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