Joint Tactical Information Distribution System

Joint Tactical Information Distribution System

The Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS) is an L band TDMA network radio system used by the United States armed forces and their allies to support data communications needs, principally in the air and missile defense community. It provides high-jam-resistance, high-speed, crypto-secure computer-to-computer connectivity in support of every type of military platform from Air Force fighters to Navy submarines. The full development of JTIDS commenced in 1981 when a contract was placed with Singer-Kearfott (later GEC-Marconi Electronic Systems, now BAE Systems E&IS). Fielding proceeded slowly throughout the late 1980s and early 1990's with rapid expansion (following 9/11) in preparation for Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Development is now carried out by Data Link Solutions, a joint BAE/Rockwell Collins company.

JTIDS is one of the family of radio equipment implementing what is called Link 16. Link 16, a highly-survivable radio communications design to meet the most stringent requirements of modern combat, provides reliable Situational Awareness (SA) for fast-moving forces. Link 16 equipment has proven, in detailed field demonstrations as well as in the AWACS and JSTARS deployment in Desert Storm, the capability of basic Link 16 to exchange user data at 115 kbit/s, error-correction-coded. (Compare this to typical tactical systems at 16 kbit/s, which also have to accommodate overheads in excess of 50% to supply the same transmission reliability.)

While principally a data network, Link 16 radios can provide high quality voice channels and navigation services as accurate as any in the inventory. Every Link 16 user can identify itself to other similarly equipped platforms at ranges well beyond what Mark XII IFF systems can provide. Additionally, Link 16-equipped platforms capable of identification through other means (such as radar and TENCAP Blue Force Tracking) can pass that "indirect" identification data as part of its SA exchange. The capabilities of Link 16 are best represented by the JTIDS or its follow-on Multi-functional Information Distribution MIDS terminals. The TADIL-J message format forms the basis for the mandates in the DoD Tactical Data Link Management Plan.

There are benefits to the full-scale implementation of the two key elements of Link-16: (1) the message "catalog" and (2) the specific radio waveform (i.e., frequency hopped, Lx-band CPSM, spread-spectrum and Reed-Solomon coding, omni-directional broadcast). Link 16 terminals implement the "NI" node-to-node protocols as well as one or more of the ICD-compliant user interfaces.

John B. Kennedy, while a young engineer at ITT Avionics in Nutley, New Jersey, first envisioned the idea of this "spread spectrum" technology. His breakthrough idea was to break up transmissions into discrete packets of data and send them over multiple frequencies to be reassembled at the receiving end. This would allow much more information to be sent and received. At the time senders and receivers shared one frequency necessitating the "over and out" and "roger" type syntax so familiar to military communication at the time. Mr. Kennedy planned a more familiar type of communication between jets in a dog fight, for instance, that would not only be telephone-like, the ability to talk over each other, but also allow simultaneous sharing of friend or foe and location/speed data. Mr. Kennedy was disappointed when the realities of military contracting required ITT to share this information with their west coast competitor Rockwell International and then compete against them for the final contract. Rockwell won this competition and JTIDS, John's baby, was forever linked to their name.

JTIDS is also used by the UK armed forces and is fitted to the majority of the UKs tornado F3 fleet.

ee also

*Air Defense Control Center
*Combat Information Center
*Tactical communications
*Naval Tactical Data System
*Mission Control Center

External links

* [ Rockwell Collins JTIDS page]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joint Tactical Information Distribution System — (JTIDS) bezeichnet ein militärisches Datenfunksystem, insbesondere der Streitkräfte der USA. Die Entwicklung des JTIDS begann Mitte der 70er Jahre zur Ablösung des Link 4 (Fighter Data Link) mittels eines Multifunktionsradios unter Verwendung des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Multifunctional Information Distribution System — (MIDS) is the NATO name for the communication component of Link 16. One commonly used instantiation of an MIDS is the MIDS Low Volume Terminal (MIDS LVT) which has been funded by the United States, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain and developed… …   Wikipedia

  • Multifunctional Information Distribution System — Multifunctional Information Distribution System, abgekürzt MIDS (dt.: Multi Funktionales Informationsverteilungssystem) bezeichnet ein militärisches multifunktionales Datenfunksystem der NATO, welches folgende Dienste umfasst: Datenfunk, Tactical …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joint Tactical Radio System — The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS, often pronounced jitters ) is planned to be the next generation voice and data radio used by the U.S. military in field operations after 2010. Launched with a Mission Needs Statement in 1997 and a subsequent …   Wikipedia

  • Tactical communications — are communications in which information of any kind, especially orders and decisions, are conveyed from one command, person, or place to another within the tactical forces, usually by means of electronic equipment, including communications… …   Wikipedia

  • Joint Data Network — The Joint Data Network (JDN) is an interconnected network of Joint Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS)–based systems, which links air and missile defense command and control and weapons systems across United States armed forces. It… …   Wikipedia

  • Advanced Tactical Fighter — Lockheed Martin F 22 Raptor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Advanced combat direction system — The Advanced Combat Direction System is a centralized, automated command and control system, collecting and correlating combat information. It upgrades the Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS) for aircraft carriers and large deck amphibious ships. A …   Wikipedia

  • Naval Tactical Data System — NTDS training in a mock up of a shipboard CIC Naval Tactical Data System, commonly NTDS, refers to a computerized information processing system developed by the United States Navy in the 1950s and first deployed in the early 1960s for use in… …   Wikipedia

  • Combat Information Center — A Combat Information Center (CIC), or Action Information Center (AIC) is the tactical center of a warship, manned and equipped to collect, present, manage, evaluate and disseminate information for the use of the embarked flag officer, commanding… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”