Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov

Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov
Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menschikoff

Prince Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menschikov (Александр Сергеевич Меншиков in Russian) (August 26, 1787 – May 1, 1869, all n.s.) was a Finnish-Russian military commander and statesman, of high nobility. He was made adjutant general in 1817 and admiral in 1833.

A great-grandson of Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov, Duke of Ingria, and a cognatic descendant of the Princely House of Galitzine (another of his great-grandfathers was Prince Michael Golitsyn, the esteemed and humane military governor of Åbo during Russian occupation in the Great Northern War), see details of four generations of his ancestry,[1] Aleksandr entered the Russian service as attaché to the embassy at Vienna in 1809. He became close with Alexander I and accompanied the emperor throughout his campaigns against Napoleon. In 1817, Menshikov was appointed acting General Quartermeister of the General Staff. In 1823, he was transferred to the ministry of foreign affairs. Menshikov retired from army service in 1824.

He then was appointed head of the Naval Headquarters and cabinet minister by Nicholas I. He distinguished himself at the Siege of Varna and in 1830 became a member of the State Council. In 1831, Menshikov held the post of Governor-General of Finland. He mainly devoted himself to naval matters and exerted very bad influence on the development of the Russian Navy, stalling its technical progress and combat training.

In 1853, Menshikov was sent on a special mission to Constantinople, and when the Crimean War broke out he was appointed commander-in-chief by land and sea. He commanded the Russian army at the Alma and Inkerman and showed incompetence and lack of military talent. On February 15, 1855, Menshikov was removed from command, and replaced by Prince Mikhail Dmitrievich Gorchakov. Between December 1855 and April 1856, he held the post of Governor General of Kronstadt and then retired. He died in St. Petersburg.

He was created Prince (Fuerst) in the Finnish nobility, being the only person of the rank of prince to be registered in the Finnish House of Nobility.

The first Finnish steamship Furst Menschikoff was named after him.

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
Arseniy Zakrevskiy
Governor-General of Finland
Succeeded by
Friedrich Wilhelm Rembert von Berg
Government offices
Preceded by
Anton Moller
Minister of the Navy
Succeeded by
Ferdinand von Wrangel


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Batalla de Inkerman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Inkerman Fecha 5 de noviembre de 1854 Lugar Inkerman, Rusia (Actualmente Ucrania) Conflicto Batalla entre tropas anglo francesas y rusas en la guerra de Crimea …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arseny Zakrevsky — Portrait by George Dawe in the Military Gallery Count Arseny Andreyevich Zakrevsky (Russian: Арсений Андреевич Закревский) (September 13 (24), 1783 or 1786 – January 11 (23), 1865, Florence) was a Russian statesman and Minister of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish Minister Secretary of State — The Minister Secretary of State for Finland (in Finnish Ministerivaltiosihteeri ; in Swedish Ministerstatssekreterare ) represented Finnish interests in the Imperial Court in Saint Petersburg. Before 1834 the title was secretary of state. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Minister–Secretary of State for Finland — The Minister–Secretary of State for Finland (in Finnish Ministerivaltiosihteeri; in Swedish Ministerstatssekreterare) represented Finnish interests in the Imperial Court in Saint Petersburg. Before 1834 the title was secretary of state. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Furst Menschikoff — Several Finnish ships have been named Furst Menschikoff after Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, Governor General of Finland.* Furst Menschikoff was the first sea going passenger steam ship in Finland. She sailed on a route between Saint Petersburg …   Wikipedia

  • Меншиков, Александр Сергеевич — Александр Сергеевич Меншиков …   Википедия

  • Crimean War — For other uses, see Crimean War (disambiguation). Crimean War Part of Ottoman wars in Europe Detail of …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • Yegor Tolstoy — Infobox Person name=Yegor Petrovich Tolstoy image size = 150px caption = caption= birth date=OldStyleDate|22 July|1802|9 July birth place= death date=OldStyleDate|25 March|1874|12 March death place= occupation = General, senator, stateman spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”