- Justo José de Urquiza
Infobox_President | name=Justo José de Urquiza
President of Argentina
March 5 1854
March 4 1860
Justo José de Urquiza(Provicional Director of the Confederacion)
October 18 1801
Talar de Arroyo Largo, Entre Ríos
April 11 1870
death_place=San José Palace, Entre Ríos
Cruz López Jordán
order1=Provicional Director of the Confederacion
September 11, 1852– March 4 1854
Justo José de Urquiza(Governor of Entre Rios)
Justo José de Urquiza(President of the Confederacion)
Salvador M. del Carril
Governor of Buenos Aires
3 September 1852
predecessor6= Vicente López
José Miguel Galán
order5=17º Governor of Entre Ríos
28 January 1842
Pedro Pablo Seguí
order4=21º Governor of Entre Ríos
7 April 1842
10 September 1852
Francisco Dionisio Álvarez
order3=22º Governor of Entre Ríos
1 May 1860
30 April 1864
José María Domínguez
order2=24º Governor of Entre Ríos
1 May 1868
11 April 1870
José María Domínguez
Ricardo López Jordán|
Justo José de Urquiza y García (
October 18, 1801– April 11, 1870) was an Argentine general and politician. He was president of the Argentine Confederationfrom 1854 to 1860.
As the "
caudillo" of Entre Ríos, Urquiza helped sustain the power of Juan Manuel de Rosas. In 1851, resentful of the economic and political dominance of Buenos Aires, he revolted against his chief. Supported by Braziland the Uruguayan liberals, he forced Manuel Oribeto capitulate, ending the long siege of Montevideoin October 1851, and finally defeating Rosas on 3 February 1852at the Battle of Caseros.
Urquiza immediately began the task of national organization. He became provisional director of the
Argentine Confederationin May 1852. In 1853, a constituent assembly adopted a constitution based primarily on the ideas of Juan Bautista Alberdi, and Urquiza was inaugurated president in March 1854.
During his administration,
foreign relationswere improved, public educationwas encouraged, colonization was promoted, and plans for railroad construction was initiated. His work of national organization was, however, hindered by the opposition of Buenos Aires, which seceded from the Confederation. Open war broke out in 1859. Urquiza defeated the provincial army led by Bartolomé Mitrein October 1859, and Buenos Aires agreed to re-enter the Confederation.
Constitutional amendments proposed by Buenos Aires were adopted in 1860 but the settlement was short-lived, and further difficulties culminated in civil war. Urquiza met the army of Buenos Aires, again led by Mitre, in September 1861. The battle was indecisive, but Urquiza withdrew from the field, leaving the victory with Mitre. He retired to San José Palace, his residence in Entre Ríos, where he ruled until he was assassinated at age 69 (along with his sons Justo and Waldino) by followers of dissident and political rival
Ricardo López Jordán.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.