- Parliament of South Australia
name = Parliament of South Australia
session_room = Adelaide parliament house.jpg
house_type = Bicameral
houses = Legislative Council
House of Assembly
leader1_type = President of the Legislative Council
party1 = Labor Party
April 27, 2006
leader2_type = Speaker of the House of Assembly
party2 = Labor Party
April 27, 2006
members = 69
47 Assembly Members
p_groups = "Legislative Council:" Labor party, Liberal Party,
Family First Party, Australian Democrats, Greens SA, No Pokies
"House of Assembly:" Labor party, Liberal Party, National Party, Independent
March 18, 2006
meeting_place = Parliament House,
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
website = [http://www.parliament.sa.gov.au/ www.parliament.sa.gov.au] The Parliament of South Australia is the
legislatureof the Australian state of South Australia. It consists of the Queen, the Legislative Council and the House of Assembly. It is based on the Westminster systemof parliamentary government.
The Sovereign is represented in South Australia by the Governor. Among the Governor's duties are the opening of Parliament, dissolving of Parliament and issuing of writs for an election, and giving
Royal Assentto Bills passed by Parliament. However, unlike Australia's Federal Parliament, the Sovereign is not considered a part of the parliament.
The leader of the party or coalition most likely to command a majority of votes in the House of Assembly is invited by the Governor to form a government and becomes the Premier.
The House of Assembly
The House of Assembly (or "lower house") is made up of 47 members who each are elected on a preferential system to represent an electoral district. Each of the
47districts represents approximately the same amount of the voting public, and redistribution of electoral divisions take place by the State Electoral Office after each election to maintain equality in Electoral Divisions.
The House of Assembly is where the government is formed, after an election the leader of the party or coalition who can demonstrate support of the majority of the House, is called upon by the Governor to form government. The leader of the government becomes the Premier.
The Legislative Council
The Legislative Council (or "upper house") is made up of 22 "councillors" who are elected to serve a term of 8 years on a system of
proportional representation, elections for the Legislative Council are staggered so half the seats are up for reelection every 4 years, in time with the election for the House of Assembly.
The primary function of the Legislative Council is to act as a house of review of
legislationthat has been passed by the House of Assembly, it is in this capacity that can cause tensions between the government and the Legislative Council, as the government is said to have the mandate of the people and view the Legislative Council as obstructionist.
The 2010 state election will coincide with a referendum on the future of the legislative council. Voters can choose to abolish the upper house, or half the numbers of the chamber to 11 and shorten parliamentary terms to 4 years, or leave as is. [http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2005/s1515919.htm]
The seat of the Parliament of South Australia is Parliament House in the state capital of
Adelaide. Parliament House sits on the North-Western corner of the intersection of King William Street and North Terrace.
Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Official openings by the monarch in Australia
* [http://www.parliament.sa.gov.au/ Parliament of South Australia]
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