Quebec lieutenant

Quebec lieutenant

In Canadian politics, a Quebec lieutenant is a politician, from Quebec, usually a francophone and most often a Member of Parliament or at least a current or former candidate for Parliament, who is selected by a senior politician such as the Prime Minister or the leader of a federal party, as his or her main advisor and/or spokesperson on issues specific to Quebec. This is particularly the case when the leader is an anglophone, though several francophone leaders have also had Quebec lieutenants; all francophone leaders of the Liberal Party have had Quebec lieutenants. This is usually a well-known but often an unofficial assignment. The position has no official legal status.

Notable Quebec lieutenants

Some past and current Quebec lieutenants include:


=Liberal Party of Canada (since 1867)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Wilfrid Laurier Drummond—Arthabaska
(Centre-du-Québec) until 1877
Quebec East
(Québec) after 1877 18741887Alexander Mackenzie
Edward Blake
Israël TarteSaint-Jean—Iberville
(Montérégie) until 1900
Sainte-Marie
(Montreal East) after 190018961902 Wilfrid Laurier
Ernest Lapointe Quebec East
(Québec)19211941William Lyon Mackenzie King
Louis Saint-LaurentQuebec East
(Québec)19411948William Lyon Mackenzie King
Guy FavreauPapineau
(Montreal East)19631967 Lester Pearson
Jean MarchandQuebec West
(Québec) until 1968
Langelier
(Québec) after 1968 19671976 Lester Pearson
Pierre Trudeau
Marc LalondeOutremont
(Montreal West)19761984 Pierre Trudeau
Raymond GarneauLaval-des-Rapides
(Laval)19861988John Turner
Marcel MasséHull—Aylmer
(Outaouais)19931999 Jean Chrétien
Alfonso GaglianoSaint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
(Montreal East)19992002 Jean Chrétien
Martin CauchonOutremont
(Montreal West)20022003 Jean Chrétien
Jean LapierreOutremont
(Montreal West)20032006 Paul Martin
Marcel ProulxHull—Aylmer
(Outaouais)2007 [ Appointed on May 2, 2007 [http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20070502/CPACTUALITES/70502183/1019/CPACTUALITES Le PLC veut regagner le coeur des francophones, La Presse, May 2, 2007] ] 2007 Stéphane Dion
Céline Hervieux-PayetteBedford [Senatorial Division]
(Montérégie)2007 [ Appointed on October 16, 2007 [http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20071016/CPACTUALITES/71016151/6730/CPACTUALITES Hervieux-Payette devient le lieutenant de Dion au Québec, La Presse, October 16, 2007] ] Current Stéphane Dion


=Conservative Party of Canada (from 1867 until 1942)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Sir George-Étienne Cartier Montreal East
(Montreal East)18671873Sir John A. Macdonald
Sir Hector LangevinDorchester
(Chaudière-Appalaches) until 1876
Charlevoix
(Québec) 1876-78
Trois-Rivières
(Mauricie) after 1878 18731891 Sir John A. Macdonald
Joseph-Aldéric Ouimet Laval
(Laval)18911896Sir John Abbott
Sir John Thompson
Sir Mackenzie Bowell
Sir Charles Tupper
Frederick Debartzch MonkJacques-Cartier
(Montreal West)19111914Sir Robert Borden
Pierre-Édouard BlondinChamplain
(Mauricie)19141921 Sir Robert Borden


=Progressive Conservative Party (from 1942 until 2004)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Léon Balcer Trois-Rivières
(Mauricie)19571965John George Diefenbaker
Marcel Faribaultnone [ Marcel Faribault tried to win a seat in the district of Gamelin
(Montreal East) in 1968. He was defeated.
] 19671968 Robert Stanfield
Claude Wagner Saint-Hyacinthe
(Montérégie)19721978Robert Stanfield
Joe Clark
Lucien Bouchard Lac-Saint-Jean
(Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean)19881990Brian Mulroney
Benoît BouchardRoberval
(Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean)19901993Brian Mulroney
Monique LandryBlainville—Deux-Montagnes
(Laurentides)19931993 Kim Campbell
André BachandRichmond—Arthabaska
(Centre-du-Québec &
Eastern Townships)19982004 Joe Clark
Peter MacKay


=Reform Party (from 1987 until 2000)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Gilles St-Laurentnone [Gilles St-Laurent ran in the district of Louis-Hébert (Québec) in 1997. He was defeated.] 19961997Preston Manning


=Canadian Alliance (from 2000 until 2004)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Gérard Latulippenone [Gérard Latulippe ran in the district of Charlesbourg-Jacques-Cartier (Québec) in 2000. He was defeated.] 20002000Stockwell Day


=Conservative Party of Canada (from 2004 until now)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Josée Verner Louis-Saint-Laurent
(Québec) [ Josée Verner was first elected to Parliament in 2006. It was her second attempt. ] 20042005Stephen Harper
Lawrence CannonPontiac
(Outaouais)2005Current Stephen Harper


=New Democratic Party (since 1961)=

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Political Lieutenant
District
(Area)
Took Office
Left Office
Party Leader

Robert Cliche none [ Robert Cliche ran in the district of Beauce (Chaudière-Appalaches) in 1965 and in Duvernay (Laval) in 1968. In both cases he was defeated.] 19641968Tommy Douglas
Claude Romprénone [ Claude Rompré ran in the district of Saint-Maurice (Mauricie) in 1986 and in 1988. Each time he was defeated.] 19861990 Ed Broadbent
Pierre Ducassenone [ Pierre Ducasse ran in the district of Manicouagan (Côte-Nord) in 2004 and in 2006. Each time he was defeated. He is the NDP nominee for the next election in the district of Hull-Aylmer (Outaouais).] 20032007 [Ducasse didn't actually leave office. He is still serving as Layton's Quebec special advisor in the Leader's office while Mulcair is the NDP's main spokesperson in Quebec.] Jack Layton
Thomas MulcairOutremont [Thomas Mulcair won a by-election on September 17, 2007. [http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20070917/CPFRONTPAGE/70917206/6488/CPACTUALITES Les libéraux éclipsés, La Presse, September 17, 2007] ]
(Montreal West)2007 [Appointed on April 20, 2007 [http://canadaeast.com/ce2/docroot/article.php?articleID=130492 NDP recruits ex-Quebec environment minister Thomas Mulcair for next election, EarthEast, April 20, 2007] ] Current Jack Layton

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