List of mammals in Mali

List of mammals in Mali

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Mali. There are 146 mammal species in Mali, of which 2 are critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 10 are vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened.1 of the species listed for Mali can no longer be found in the wild. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Tubulidentata (aardvarks)

----The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

*Family: Orycteropodidae
***Genus: Orycteropus
**** Aardvark "Orycteropus afer" LC

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)

----The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

*Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
***Genus: Procavia
**** Cape Hyrax "Procavia capensis" LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

*Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
***Genus: Loxodonta
**** African Bush Elephant "Loxodonta africana" VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

African Manatee] Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Trichechidae
***Genus: Trichechus
**** African Manatee "Trichechus senegalensis" VU

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
***Family: Galagidae
*****Genus: Galago
****** Demidoff's Dwarf Galago "Galago demidoff" LR/lc
****** Senegal Bushbaby "Galago senegalensis" LR/lc
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
*******Genus: Erythrocebus
******** Patas Monkey "Erythrocebus patas" LR/lc
*******Genus: Cercopithecus
******** Chlorocebus "Cercopithecus aethiops" LR/lc
*******Genus: Papio
******** Olive Baboon "Papio anubis" LR/lc
******** Guinea Baboon "Papio papio" LR/nt
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hominidae (humans)
******Subfamily: Homininae
*******Tribe: Hominini
********Genus: Pan
********* Common Chimpanzee "Pan troglodytes" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
***Genus: Hystrix
**** Crested Porcupine "Hystrix cristata" LC
**Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
***Genus: Thryonomys
**** Greater Cane Rat "Thryonomys swinderianus" LC
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Xerini
*****Genus: Xerus
****** Striped Ground Squirrel "Xerus erythropus" LC
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Graphiurinae
****Genus: Graphiurus
***** Savanna Dormouse "Graphiurus parvus" LC
**Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
***Subfamily: Dipodinae
****Genus: Jaculus
***** Lesser Egyptian Jerboa "Jaculus jaculus" LC
**Family: Nesomyidae
***Subfamily: Dendromurinae
****Genus: Steatomys
***** Northwestern Fat Mouse "Steatomys caurinus" LC
***** Dainty Fat Mouse "Steatomys cuppedius" LC
***Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
****Genus: Cricetomys
***** Gambian Pouch Rat "Cricetomys gambianus" LC
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Deomyinae
****Genus: Acomys
***** Western Saharan Spiny Mouse "Acomys airensis" LC
***** Johan's Spiny Mouse "Acomys johannis" LC
***Subfamily: Gerbillinae
****Genus: Desmodilliscus
***** Pouched Gerbil "Desmodilliscus braueri" LC
****Genus: Dipodillus
***** North African Gerbil "Dipodillus campestris" LC
****Genus: Gerbillus
***** "Gerbillus gerbillus" LC
***** Pygmy Gerbil "Gerbillus henleyi" LC
***** Sudan Gerbil "Gerbillus nancillus" DD
***** "Gerbillus nanus" LC
***** "Gerbillus nigeriae" LC
***** Greater Egyptian Gerbil "Gerbillus pyramidum" LC
***** Rupicolous Gerbil "Gerbillus rupicola" DD
***** Tarabul's Gerbil "Gerbillus tarabuli" LC
****Genus: Meriones
***** Sundevall's Jird "Meriones crassus" LC
****Genus: Tatera
***** "Tatera gambiana" LC
***** Guinea Gerbil "Tatera guineae" LC
***** Kemp's Gerbil "Tatera kempi" LC
***** Savanna Gerbil "Tatera valida" LC
****Genus: Taterillus
***** Slender Gerbil "Taterillus gracilis" LC
***** Petter's Tateril "Taterillus petteri" LC
***** Senegal Tateril "Taterillus pygargus" LC
***** Tranieri's Tateril "Taterillus tranieri" DD
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Arvicanthis
***** Sudanian Arvicanthis "Arvicanthis ansorgei" LC
****Genus: Dasymys
***** West African Shaggy Rat "Dasymys rufulus" LC
****Genus: Lemniscomys
***** Senegal Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys linulus" DD
***** Heuglin's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys zebra" LC
****Genus: Mastomys
***** Guinea Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys erythroleucus" LC
***** Hubert's Mastomys "Mastomys huberti" LC
***** Natal Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys natalensis" LC
****Genus: Mus
***** Hausa Mouse "Mus haussa" LC
***** Matthey's Mouse "Mus mattheyi" LC
***** African Pygmy Mouse "Mus minutoides" LC
****Genus: Praomys
***** Dalton's Praomys "Praomys daltoni" LC
***** Tullberg's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys tullbergi" LC
**Family: Ctenodactylidae
***Genus: Felovia
**** Felou Gundi "Felovia vae" DD
***Genus: Massoutiera
**** Mzab Gundi "Massoutiera mzabi" LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Lepus
*** Cape Hare "Lepus capensis" LR/lc
*** African Savanna Hare "Lepus microtis" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)


The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Erinaceinae
***Genus: Atelerix
**** Four-toed Hedgehog "Atelerix albiventris" LR/lc
***Genus: Hemiechinus
**** Desert Hedgehog "Hemiechinus aethiopicus" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Cinderella Shrew "Crocidura cinderella" LC
**** Fox's Shrew "Crocidura foxi" LC
**** Savanna Shrew "Crocidura fulvastra" LC
**** Tiny Musk Shrew "Crocidura fuscomurina" LC
**** Lamotte's Shrew "Crocidura lamottei" LC
**** Mauritanian Shrew "Crocidura lusitania" LC
**** Somali Shrew "Crocidura somalica" LC
**** Savanna Path Shrew "Crocidura viaria" LC
**** Voi Shrew "Crocidura voi" LC

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: Eidolon
**** Straw-coloured Fruit Bat "Eidolon helvum" LC
***Genus: Epomophorus
**** Gambian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus gambianus" LC
***Genus: Lissonycteris
**** Smith's Fruit Bat "Lissonycteris smithi" LC
***Genus: Micropteropus
**** Peter's Dwarf Epauletted Fruit Bat "Micropteropus pusillus" LC
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** Horn-skinned Bat "Eptesicus floweri" VU
***Genus: Neoromicia
**** Banana Pipistrelle "Neoromicia nanus" LC
**** Rendall's Serotine "Neoromicia rendalli" LC
***Genus: Nycticeinops
**** Schlieffen's Twilight Bat "Nycticeinops schlieffeni" LC
***Genus: Scotophilus
**** African Yellow Bat "Scotophilus dinganii" LC
**** White-bellied Yellow Bat "Scotophilus leucogaster" LC
**** Greenish Yellow Bat "Scotophilus viridis" LC
*Family: Rhinopomatidae
**Genus: Rhinopoma
*** Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma hardwickei" LC
*** Greater Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma microphyllum" LC
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Chaerephon
*** Gland-tailed Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bemmeleni" LC
*** Lappet-eared Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon major" LC
*** Little Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon pumila" LC
**Genus: Mops
*** Angolan Free-tailed Bat "Mops condylurus" LC
*** Mongalla Free-tailed Bat "Mops demonstrator" NT
*** Midas Free-tailed Bat "Mops midas" LC
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Taphozous
*** Egyptian Tomb Bat "Taphozous perforatus" LC
*Family: Nycteridae
**Genus: Nycteris
*** Gambian Slit-faced Bat "Nycteris gambiensis" LC
*** Hairy Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris hispida" LC
*** Large-Eared Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris macrotis" LC
*** Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris thebaica" LC
*Family: Megadermatidae
**Genus: Lavia
*** Yellow-winged bat "Lavia frons" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** RÜppell's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus fumigatus" LC
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: Asellia
**** Trident Leaf-nosed Bat "Asellia tridens" LC
***Genus: Hipposideros
**** Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros caffer" LC
**** "Hipposideros gigas" LC
**** Jones's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros jonesi" NT
**** Noack's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros ruber" LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: Manis
*** Giant Pangolin "Manis gigantea" LR/lc
*** Long-tailed Pangolin "Manis tetradactyla" LR/lc

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Acinonyx
***** Cheetah "Acinonyx jubatus" VU
****Genus: Caracal
***** Caracal "Caracal caracal" LC
****Genus: Felis
***** Sand Cat "Felis margarita" NT
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Leptailurus
***** Serval "Leptailurus serval" LC
****Genus: Profelis
***** African Golden Cat "Profelis aurata" VU
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Lion "Panthera leo" VU
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: Genetta
***** Common Genet "Genetta genetta" LR/lc
***** Haussa Genet "Genetta thierryi" LR/lc
**Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
***Genus: Crocuta
**** Spotted Hyena "Crocuta crocuta" LR/cd
***Genus: Hyaena
**** Striped Hyena "Hyaena hyaena" LR/nt
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Vulpes
**** Pale Fox "Vulpes pallida" DD
**** Rueppell's Fox "Vulpes rueppelli" DD
**** Fennec "Vulpes zerda" DD
***Genus: Canis
**** Side-striped Jackal "Canis adustus" LC
**** Golden Jackal "Canis aureus" LC
***Genus: Lycaon
**** African Wild Dog "Lycaon pictus" EN
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Ictonyx
**** Saharan Striped Polecat "Ictonyx libyca" LR/lc
**** Striped Polecat "Ictonyx striatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Mellivora
**** Ratel "Mellivora capensis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** Speckle-throated Otter "Lutra maculicollis" LC

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
***Genus: Phacochoerus
**** Warthog "Phacochoerus africanus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Potamochoerus
**** Red River Hog "Potamochoerus porcus" LR/lc
*Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
**Genus: Hippopotamus
*** Hippopotamus "Hippopotamus amphibius" VU
*Family: Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
**Genus: Giraffa
*** Giraffe "Giraffa camelopardalis" LR/cd
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
***Genus: Alcelaphus
**** Hartebeest "Alcelaphus buselaphus" LR/cd
***Genus: Damaliscus
**** Topi "Damaliscus lunatus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: Gazella
**** Dama Gazelle "Gazella dama" CR
**** Dorcas Gazelle "Gazella dorcas" VU
**** Rhim Gazelle "Gazella leptoceros" EN
**** Red-fronted Gazelle "Gazella rufifrons" VU
***Genus: Ourebia
**** Oribi "Ourebia ourebi" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: Syncerus
**** African Buffalo "Syncerus caffer" LR/cd
***Genus: Tragelaphus
**** Giant Eland "Tragelaphus derbianus" LR/nt
**** Bongo (antelope) "Tragelaphus eurycerus" LR/nt
**** Bushbuck "Tragelaphus scriptus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: Ammotragus
**** Barbary Sheep "Ammotragus lervia" VU
**Subfamily: Cephalophinae
***Genus: Cephalophus
**** Red-flanked Duiker "Cephalophus rufilatus" LR/cd
***Genus: Sylvicapra
**** Common Duiker "Sylvicapra grimmia" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Hippotraginae
***Genus: Addax
**** Addax "Addax nasomaculatus" CR
***Genus: Hippotragus
**** Roan Antelope "Hippotragus equinus" LR/cd
***Genus: Oryx
**** Scimitar Oryx "Oryx dammah" EW
**Subfamily: Reduncinae
***Genus: Kobus
**** Waterbuck "Kobus ellipsiprymnus" LR/cd
**** Kob "Kobus kob" LR/cd
***Genus: Redunca
**** Bohor Reedbuck "Redunca redunca" LR/cd



*cite web
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Mali
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
accessdaymonth = 22 May

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of mammals of Egypt — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Egypt. There are 100 mammal species in Egypt, of which 3 are critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 8 are vulnerable, and 1 is near threatened. 3 of the species listed for Egypt are considered to …   Wikipedia

  • List of mammals of Zambia — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Zambia. There are 237 mammal species in Zambia, of which 1 is critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 8 are vulnerable, and 14 are near threatened.[1] The following tags are used to highlight each …   Wikipedia

  • List of mammals of Zimbabwe — This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Zimbabwe. There are 199 mammal species in Zimbabwe, of which 1 is critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 8 are vulnerable, and 10 are near threatened.[1] The following tags are used to highlight… …   Wikipedia

  • List of common misconceptions — This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This is a list of current, widely held, false ideas and beliefs about notable topics which have been reported by reliable sources from around the world. Each has been discussed in published… …   Wikipedia

  • Mali — Malian, n., adj. /mah lee/, n. Republic of, a republic in W Africa: formerly a territory of France; gained independence 1960. 9,945,383; 463,500 sq. mi. (120,000 sq. km). Cap.: Bamako. Formerly, French Sudan. * * * Mali Introduction Mali… …   Universalium

  • List of extinct animals of Asia — The list of extinct animals of Asia features the animals that have become extinct along the history in the Asian Continent.Prehistoric extinction* Sri Lanka lion (Sri Lanka, 37.000 years BP) * Steppe Wisent (north and central Asia, end of last… …   Wikipedia

  • List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions — Countries by carbon dioxide emissions via the burning of fossil fuels (blue the highest) …   Wikipedia

  • List of extinct animals of Africa — The list of extinct animals in Africa features the animals that have become extinct on the African continent and its islands, like Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, St. Helena, Cape Verde, etc. Pleistocene Extinctions *… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Bowdoin College people — Here follows a list of notable people associated with Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. This list includes alumni, faculty, and honorary degree recipients.Distinguished GraduatesArts Letters: Note: individuals who belong in multiple sections… …   Wikipedia

  • List of protected areas of Tanzania — Protected areas in Tanzania are extremely varied, ranging from sea habitats over grasslands to the top of the Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa. About a third of the country s total area is protected to a certain degree as National Park …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”