Viceroyalty of the Caucasus

Viceroyalty of the Caucasus

The Viceroyalty of the Caucasus is a term used to denote the Imperial Russian administrative and political authority in the Caucasus region exercised through the offices of "glavnoupravlyayushchiy" ( _ru. главноуправляющий) (1801-1844, 1882-1902) and "namestnik" (наместник) (1844-1882, 1904-1917). These two terms are commonly, but imprecisely, translated into English as viceroy which is frequently used interchangeably with Governor General. More accurately, "glavnoupravlyayushchij" is referred to as High Commissioner of the Caucasus, and "namestnik" as Viceroy.

The office was established after the Russian annexation of Georgia in 1801. General Karl von Knorring was first to assume this position, being officially titled as the Commander-in-Chief in Georgia and Governor General of Tiflis. The Viceroyalty later expanded to encompass the territories acquired by Russia in a series of wars with the Ottoman Empire, Persia, and the local Caucasian peoples. Headquartered at Tiflis (Tbilisi, Georgia), the viceroys acted as "de facto" ambassadors to neighboring countries, commanders in chief of the armed forces, and the supreme civil authority, mostly responsible only to the tsar. From February 3, 1845, to January 23, 1882, the viceregal authority was supervised by the Caucasus Committee, which consisted of representatives of the State Council and the ministries of Finances, State Domains, Justice, and Interior, as well as of members of special committees. After the 1917 February Revolution, which dispossessed Tsar Nicholas II of the Russian crown, the Viceroyalty of the Caucasus was abolished by the Russian Provisional Government on March 18 1917, and all authority, except in the zone of the active army, was entrusted to the civil administrative body called the Special Transcaucasian Committee or "Ozakom" (short for "Osobyi Zakavkazskii Komitet", Особый Закавказский Комитет).

High Commissioners and Viceroys of the Caucasus [ [ КАВКАЗ ] ]

*Karl von Knorring 1801-1802
*Pavel Tsitsianov 1802-1806
*Ivan Gudovich 1806-1809
*Alexander Tormasov 1809-1811
*Filippo Paulucci 1811-1812
*Nikolay Rtishchev 1812-1816
*Aleksey Yermolov 1816-1827
*Ivan Paskevich 1827-1831
*Grigori Rozen 1831-1838
*Yevgeni Golovin 1838-1842
*Aleksandr Neidgart 1842-1844
*Mikhail Vorontsov 1844-1854
*Nikolay Muravyov 1854-1856
*Aleksandr Baryatinsky 1856-1862
*Grigol Orbeliani (acting) 1862
*Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich 1862-1882
*Aleksandr Dondukov-Korsakov 1882-1890
*Sergei Sheremetyev 1890-1896
*Grigori Golitsin 1896-1904
*Yakov Malama (acting) 1904
*Illarion Vorontsov-Dashkov 1904-1916
*Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich 1916-1917


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Georgia within the Russian Empire — Between 1801 and 1918 the country of Georgia was part of the Russian Empire. For centuries, the Muslim Ottoman and Persian empires had fought over the various fragmented Georgian states in the southern Caucasus. By the 18th century, a third… …   Wikipedia

  • Viceroy — For other uses, see Viceroy (disambiguation). Royal and noble ranks Emperor Empress King Queen …   Wikipedia

  • List of Azerbaijan-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to the Azerbaijan Republic include:#26 Baku Commissars 26 Commissars Memorial 1842 Baku earthquake 2000 Baku Abbasgulu Bakikhanov Abdulla Shaig Abdurahman Fatalibeyli Abülfaz Elçibay… …   Wikipedia

  • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic — People s Republic of Azerbaijan / Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Azərbaycan Xalq Cümhuriyyəti / Azərbaycan Demokratik Respublikası ← …   Wikipedia

  • Administration for Western Armenia — This article is about the short lived Armenian provisional government. For other uses, see Armenia. Infobox Former Country native name = Արևմտյան Հայաստան conventional long name = Administration for Western Armenia common name = Free Vaspurakan… …   Wikipedia

  • Namestnik — ( ru. наместник, IPA ru|nɐˈmʲɛsnʲɪk) was an office position in the history of Russia. Its literal translation would be deputy or lieutenant (the broader sense of that word). The term has two periods of usage, with different meanings.HistoryIn the …   Wikipedia

  • List of Armenia-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Armenia include:#1268 Cilicia earthquake · 1896 Ottoman Bank Takeover · 1965 Yerevan demonstrations · 1988 Spitak earthquake · 1992 in Armenian football · 1993 in Armenian football · 1993 Summer… …   Wikipedia

  • Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov — Count Illarion Vorontsov Dashkov. Count Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov Dashkov (1837 1916) was the last notable representative of the Vorontsov family. He served as Minister of Imperial Properties in 1881 97 and the General Governor of Caucasus in… …   Wikipedia

  • Special Transcaucasian Committee — Особый Закавказский Комитет Special Transcaucasian Committee Autonomy of Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Emirate of Armenia — By 637 A.D. Armenia emerged as an autonomous principality within the Arabic Empire under Caliph Umar, reuniting Armenian lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire as well. The principality was ruled by the Prince of Armenia, recognised by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”