- Italian rock
Italyis a European country, and has had a long relationship with rock and roll, a style of music which spread to the country by the early 1960s from the United States. The earliest Italian rock bands appeared during this period, playing cover version often interpretative covers. The first distinctively Italian singer-songwriterwas Piero Ciampi, whose style was reminiscent of the French chansonniers. The United States and United Kingdom during the 1960s were in the midst of the psychedelic rockboom, which inspired Italian psychedelic bands such as Mario Schifanoand Le Orme. At the time of the 1968 student uprisings, many young and educated Italians began to identify with the counterculturein France, Mexico, USA and across the world. Young Italians still had a well educated familiarity with classical music composers like Bach. The result was an influx of classically-influenced rock bands which fit right into the international move towards progressive rock. Italian progressive bands include Premiata Forneria Marconi, Banco del Mutuo Soccorso, Celeste, Reale Accademia di Musica, Saint Just, Goblin, Jacula, Devil Doll, Latte e Mieleand New Trolls. Some bands, like Osanna, Area, Perigeoand Arti & Mestieri, fused progressive rock with jazz. Il Balletto Di Bronzo's "YS" is one of the most debated Italian prog-rock albums; some calling it trash and others extolling it as one of the greatest progressive albums ever made.
The same period, the early 1970s, also saw the rise of Italian singers and songwriters like
Lucio Battisti, Fabrizio De Andréand Francesco Guccini.
By the end of the 1970s, Italian
punk rockpioneers Skiantoshad released 1978's " Monotono", which kickstarted the Italian punk scene. Later bands like The Confusional Quartetand Gaznevadafused New wave and Italian varietawith punk and other influences. In the 1980s, Italy boasted one of the most vibrant hardcore and thrash metalscenes, spawning bands like Negazione, CCCP, Affinita, Frantiand Raw Power, as well as electronic-punkbands like Pankow. In the late 1980, more extreme bands heavy metal bands appeared, such as Opera IXand Necrodeath.
Popular 1980s rock singers and songwriters included
Zucchero, Gianna Nanniniand Vasco Rossi.
In the 1990s, Italian avant-garde and
alternative rockbands gained international notoriety, at least among critics. These included Starfuckers, Uzeda, Afterhours, Three Second Kiss, Marlene Kuntz, Canadians (band)and Massimo Volume. To represent new-punk wave are bands like Punkreas, Derozerand Pornoriviste. Gianna Nanniniin 1970s, 1980s and into the 1990s the first Italian rocker who achieve real popular success outside of Italy. Especially in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Benelux and later in Mexico. While Francesco De Gregori(the Dylan of Italy) was well appreciated by critics and well-informed fans outside of Italy it was Nannini who was first Italian pop icon to stick and to shift between pop and rock with ease and to stay the course through trends and upcoming generations. Zucchero, Eros Ramazzottiand Jovanotti(later: Nekand Laura Pausini) all went on to become huge international pop names in the late 1980s and 1990s. Gianna Nanniniis very much The GodMother of an entire era of young rock singer-songwriters of the highest calibre that have emerged in Italy during the 1990s and into the 2000s. Artists such as Paola Turci, Carmen Consoli, Elisaand Edoardo Di Paolahave taken her lead into a higher sophistication of song writing.
Another Tuscana (like Nannini)
Irene Grandihas had a similar journey and has a similar persona only up-to-date and even more versatile. Sadly for Irene Grandi her success has remained mostly confined to Italy. The corporate structure and overt policies of the music business has in fact intensified the Anglo-American duopoply-monopoly over the past twenty years along with a culture of regime-playlists and radio deejays in most countries void of a mind or taste of their own. It is thus even harder for artists from countries such as Italy to get airplay in other countries in 2006 than it was in 1986.
Italian music in the 1990s and 2000s has produced and continues to produce some of the most brilliant music in the world a perfect example of which would be PAOLA TURCI's album "stato di calma apparente" an independent release. Other key artists/acts includes
Almamegretta, Raiz, Tiromancino, Ustmamo, Subsonica, Speedjackers, The Sun Eats Hours, Negrita, Gabin, Planet Funk, Negramaro, Belladonna, Meganoidi, Verdenaand a woman in her own category Giorgiaone of the world's finest pop/soul/blues/jazz singers. Even on the pop front Milanese duo Paola & Chiarahave proven how interesting packaged pop can be when it has a rich Latin tapestry over what is pumped out in the UK or USA.
Italy, also, has been known as one of the European centres of
heavy metal music, in which bands like Rhapsody of Fire, Catarrhal Noise, Lacuna Coiland the demential band Nanowar of Steelattained great notoriety.
Italian progressive rock
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