3d United States Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard)

3d United States Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=3rd Infantry Regiment

caption=3rd Infantry Regiment coat of arms
dates=June 3, 1784-Present
branch=Regular Army
type=Infantry Regiment
role=Ceremonial/Home Defense (one battalion)
Mechanized Infantry (one battalion)
size=Four battalions (three active)
garrison=1st Battalion - Fort Myer, VA
2d Battalion - Fort Lewis, WA
3d Battalion - (Inactive)
4th Battalion - Fort Myer
nickname=The Old Guard aka "The First American Regiment"
motto="Noli Me Tangere" (Touch Me Not)
colors=Blue and White
battles=Hardin's Defeat
*Battle of Fallen Timbers
*Battle of Sugar Point
War of 1812
*Siege of Fort Meigs
*Battle of Fort Stephenson
Mexican War
Civil War
War with Spain
Philippine Insurrection
World War II
Vietnam War
War on Terrorism
notable_commanders=Lt. Col. Paul Octave Hebert
US Regiments
previous=2nd Infantry Regiment
next=4th Infantry Regiment
The 3rd US Infantry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army. Three battalions of the regiment are currently active. The regiment is readily identified by its nickname, The Old Guard (TOG for short), as well as Escort to the President. The regimental motto is "Noli Me Tangere" (Touch Me Not).

The regiment is the oldest active unit of infantry in the army, having been first organized as the First American Regiment in 1784. [Mahon, John K. and Romana Danyk. (1972.) "Army Lineage Series: Infantry: Part I: Regular Army." Office of the Chief of Military History, US Army: Washington, DC.] [U.S. Army. (1999.) [http://www.army.mil/cmh/lineage/OrgHist.htm "Organizational History"] . U.S. Army Center of Military History, Army.mil website publication, page 29. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.]

1st Battalion

All but one company of the 1st battalion are stationed at Ft. Myer, Virginia (Company 'A', the "Commander in Chief's Guard", is stationed at nearby Ft. McNair, across the river in Southwest Washington, DC). The 1st Battalion, 3d U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard) is under the umbrella command of the Military District of Washington (MDW). The Old Guard has a twofold mission: a ceremonial mission and a combat mission, in which the regiment serves as part of the National Capital Region's defense.

** HHC
*** Headquarters Platoon
*** Caisson Platoon
*** Presidential Salute Battery
** Military Police Platoon
**Fife and Drum Corps (now 4-3 Battalion)
**Bravo Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
**Charlie Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
**Delta Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
**Hotel Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon

Mission statement

The 3rd Infantry Regiment's website lists its brigade combat team (BCT) mission statement as follows:

"3d US Infantry Regiment BCT conducts ceremonies in order to maintain the traditions of the US Army, showcase the Army to our nation’s citizens and the world, and to defend the dignity and honor of our fallen comrades. On order, 3d Infantry Regiment BCT protects federal property and / or reinforces civilian authorities in the NCR in order to limit the effects of attacks or disasters." [U.S. Army. [http://www.army.mil/oldguard/mission.htm "Mission Statement"] . (U.S. military website.) 3d United States Infantry Regiment. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.]

Ceremonial mission

The Old Guard is also known as 'Escort to the President.' The majority of the regiment is made up of marching, or 'line' companies, which, among other duties, represent the Army in military parades. The Old Guard is the only unit in the US Army that has an Act of Congress specifically providing it with orders to march with fixed bayonets and it is the sole remaining regular combat field unit to issue the standard M14 rifle to the ranks. There are several casket teams and firing parties in the line platoons; these participate in military funerals. Among the ceremonial tasks and honors the regiment carries out, the following duties are also included, each of which is assigned to a Specialty Platoon: the guarding of the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery; The Continental Color Guard (or CCG - see also Color Guards); The Presidential Salute Guns Battery, which serves at all Full Honors General officer (and State) funerals, as well as at arrivals and departures of foreign dignitaries; the US Army Caisson Platoon, which provides horses and riders to pull caisson (the wagon that bears a casket) in military and state funerals, as well as caparisoned horses in Full Honors funerals. Also part of The Old Guard, are the US Army Drill Team, which performs around the nation & Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps, which plays traditional arrangements of marching music, dating back to the time of the Continental Army. The Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps marches in the Colonial red uniform -- to be "better seen through the smoke of battle"; the uniform also includes tri-corner hats and powdered wigs.

Combat readiness

The Old Guard, while performing primarily in a ceremonial role, is nonetheless an Infantry unit, which is required to maintain the same certifications of all Infantry units in the U.S. Army. In its combat role, the soldiers of The Old Guard train to standards as per their MOS (Military Occupational Specialty); these include: Rifle marksmanship; Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare preparedness training; operations in area security: and control of civil disturbances. Most of this training takes place at Fort A. P. Hill, Virginia. The Old Guard provides the principal body of garrison troops in Washington, D.C.

In 2003, in the regiment's first deployment since the Vietnam War, the U.S. Army reported that the Old Guard's Bravo Company was deployed to the Horn of Africa, where it established a forward base in rural Ethiopia.McKeeby, Eric M. (2004-02-02.) [http://www4.army.mil/ocpa/read.php?story_id_key=5632 "`Old Guard’ establishes forward base in Ethiopia."] (U.S. military website.) "Army News Service", U.S. Army Public Affairs, via army.mil. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.] [McKeeby, Eric M. (2004-07-15.) [http://www.army.mil/oldguard/stories/jul15.htm "Old Guard prepares to leave Horn of Africa."] (U.S. military website.) "Old Guard News", via army.mil. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.] The base and missions, intended primarily to train Ethiopian military personnel, were part of the Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA), a Global War on Terrorism operation. In 2007, the Army reported that the regiment's Delta company was deployed to Camp LeMonier, Djibouti as part of CJTF-HOA, supporting humanitarian missions and local military training in the region. [Van Der Weide, Nancy. (2007-04-27.) [http://www.army.mil/oldguard/stories/apr27.htm "Delta Dawgs Combat Extremism."] (U.S. military website.) "Old Guard News", via army.mil. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.]

2d Battalion

Stationed at Ft.Lewis, Washington, the 2d Battalion, 3d U.S. Infantry Regiment, serves as one of three infantry battalions of the 3d Stryker Brigade Combat Team in the 2d Infantry Division ('Indian Head'). After a 31-year hiatus from service, the 2-3 was reactivated on 15 March 2001. 2-3 Infantry is part of the initial Stryker brigade combat team. Utilizing the new Stryker vehicle platform, this unit is part of the conversion to the Army's Future Force Unit of Action system. On April 23rd, 2008, the 2nd Battalion was awarded it's 7the Presidential Unit Citation, making the 2nd Bn the most decorated Infantry Battalion in the U.S. Army.

**A Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
***Mobile Gun Stryker (MGS) Platoon
**B Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
***Mobile Gun Stryker (MGS) Platoon
**C Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
***Mobile Gun Stryker (MGS) Platoon

3d Battalion

3d Battalion, 3d Infantry was deactivated on 25 August 1994. It was one of the three light infantry battalions that made up the Army Reserve's 205th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate), which in turn was the round-out brigade for the Regular Army's 6th Infantry Division (Light), based at Fort Richardson and Fort Wainwright, Alaska. The 205th Infantry Brigade was headquartered at Fort Snelling, Minnesota until its deactivation.

4th Battalion

***Headquarters Platoon
***Public Affairs (to include, Photo Journalists, Broadcast Journalists, and Graphic Design) - Platoon Sergeant is SSG John S. Wollaston
***Regimental Communications Platoon (S6)
***US Army Drill Team Platoon
**A Co. (Commander In Chiefs Guard)
***Headquarters Platoon
***First Platoon
***Second Platoon
***Third Platoon
**E Co.(Honor Guard Company)
***Headquarters Platoon
***Presidential Marching Platoon
***Presidential Casket Platoon
***Presidential Firing Party Platoon
***Continental Color Guard Platoon
***Tomb of the Unknowns Platoon
**529th Regimental Support Company
***Headquarters Platoon
***Maintenance Platoon
***Transportation Platoon
***Medical Platoon
**289th Military Police Company
***947th MP Detachment (K-9)
**Old Guard Fife & Drum Corps

1898 Medal of Honor

Oscar Burkard of the U.S. Army Hospital Corps, attached to the 3d U.S. Infantry, received the Medal of Honor for his actions on October 5, 1898 in the Battle of Sugar Point at Leech Lake, Minnesota. [Holbrook, Franklin Fisk. (1923.) [http://books.google.com/books?q=Hospital.Corps++oscar.burkard+attached&btnG=Search+Books "Minnesota in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection."] Minnesota War Records Commission, page 111. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.] [United States War Department. (1901.) [http://books.google.com/books?id=cDEtAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA29&dq=oscar.burkard "General Orders and Circulars, Adjutant General's Office, 1900"] Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, page 29. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.] It is listed by the U.S. Office of Medical History as the last Medal of Honor awarded in an Indian campaign. [U.S. Army. [http://history.amedd.army.mil/moh/burkardo.htm "Medal of Honor: Oscar Burkard"] (U.S. military website.) Office of Medical History, Office of the Surgeon General. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.]
Ironically the "Old Guard" had participated in one of the first battles of the Indian Wars - the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794 and the last battle of the Indian Wars- the Battle of Sugar Point in 1898.


*Constituted 3 June 1784 in the Regular Army as the First American Regiment to consist of companies from Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

*Organized August-September 1784 in Pennsylvania and New Jersey (New York and Connecticut companies organized in 1785)

*Redesignated 29 September 1789 as the Regiment of Infantry

*Redesignated 3 March 1791 as the 1st Infantry Regiment

*Redesignated in 1792 as the Infantry of the 1st Sub-Legion

*Redesignated 31 October 1796 as the 1st Infantry Regiment

*Consolidated May-October 1815 with the 5th Infantry Regiment (constituted 12 April 1808), the 17th Infantry Regiment (constituted 11 January 1812), the 19th Infantry Regiment (constituted 26 June 1812), and the 28th Infantry Regiment (constituted 29 January 1813) to form the 3d Infantry

*Consolidated August-December 1869 with one-half of the 37th Infantry Regiment (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit designated as the 3d Infantry

*(2nd and 3rd Battalions inactivated 18 November 1921 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota; activated 8 June 1922 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota)

*Assigned 24 March 1923 to the 7th Division

*Relieved 15 August 1927 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 6th Division

*Relieved 1 October 1933 from assignment to the 6th Division and assigned to the 7th Division

*Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 7th Division and assigned to the 6th Division

*Relieved 10 May 1941 from assignment to the 6th Division

*(1st Battalion inactivated 1 June 1941 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; activated 14 February 1942 in Newfoundland)

*(2nd Battalion (less Headquarters and Headquarters Company) inactivated 1 September 1942 at Fort Snelling, Minnesota (Headquarters and Headquarters Company concurrently inactivated in Greenland); battalion activated 22 October 1943 at Camp Butner, North Carolina)

*Inactivated 20 November 1946 in Germany

*Regiment (less 2nd Battalion) activated 6 April 1948 at Fort Myer, Virginia (2nd Battalion concurrently activated at Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.)

*Reorganized 1 July 1957 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System

*Withdrawn 16 January 1986 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System


*Constituted 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as the 3d Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment (United States).

*Organized May 1865 - September 1866 at Fort Wayne, Michigan; Newport Barracks, Kentucky; and Fort Columbus, New York

*Reorganized and redesignated 23 November 1866 as the 37th Infantry Regiment (United States).

*One-half of the 37th Infantry consolidated August-December 1869 with the 3d Infantry and consolidated unit designated as the 3d Infantry (remaining half of the 37th Infantry consolidated in June 1869 with the 5th Infantry and consolidated unit designated as the 5th Infantry--hereafter separate lineage)

3rd Infantry Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

War of 1812

# Canada
# Chippewa
# Lundy's Lane

Mexican-American War

# Palo Alto
# Resaca de la Palma
# Monterey
# Vera Cruz
# Cerro Gordo
# Contreras
# Churubusco
# Chapultepec

Civil War

# Bull Run
# Peninsula
# Manassas
# Antietam
# Fredericksburg
# Chancellorsville
# Gettysburg
# Appomattox
# Texas 1861
# Florida 1861
# Florida 1862
# Virginia 1863

Indian Wars

# Miami (Ohio 1794)
# Seminoles (1840-1843)
# Comanches (1868)
# New Mexico 1856
# New Mexico 1857
# New Mexico 1858
# New Mexico 1860
# Montana 1887

panish-American War

# Santiago

Philippine-American War

# Malolos
# San Isidro
# Luzon 1899
# Luzon 1900
# Jolo 1911

World War II

# American Theater, Streamer without inscription;
# Northern France


# Counteroffensive, Phase II
# Counteroffensive, Phase III
# Tet Counteroffensive
# Counteroffensive, Phase IV
# Counteroffensive, Phase V
# Counteroffensive, Phase VI
# Tet 69/Counteroffensive
# Summer-Fall 1969
# Winter-Spring 1970
# Sanctuary Counteroffensive
# Counteroffensive, Phase VII
# Consolidation I


*Valorous Unit Award for SAIGON - LONG BINH
*Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for WASHINGTON, D.C., 1969-1973
*Army Superior Unit Award for 1984-1985
*Army Superior Unit Award for 1993
*Army Superior Unit Award for 2004Fact|date=October 2007

(Copied directly from the Regimental Website)Fact|date=October 2007



* [http://www.armyhistory.org/armyhistorical.aspx?pgID=868&id=84&exCompID=32 First American Regiment] at ArmyHistory.org. Accessed on 2008-08-10
*McKeeby, Eric M. (2004-06-30.) [http://www.mdw.army.mil/content/anmviewer.asp?a=1006&print=yes "MDW commander visits deployed Old Guard unit"] . (U.S. military website.) US Military District of Washington PAO. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
*McKeeby, Eric M. (2004-05-11.) [http://www.defendamerica.mil/profiles/may2004/pr051104a.html "U.S. Army Capt. Michael J. Trotter: Company commander juggles Old Guard's diverse missions in Africa"] . (U.S. military website.) Defend America. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
*U.S. Army. (1997-05-22.) [http://www.army.mil/cmh/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/inf/0003in.htm "Lineage and honors information: 3d Infantry (the Old Guard)"] . (U.S. military website.) U.S. Army Center of Military History. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
*U.S. Army. [http://www.army.mil/oldguard/index2.htm "Regimental Home"] . (U.S. military website.) 3d United States Infantry Regiment. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United States presidential inauguration — For the most recent United States presidential inauguration, see Inauguration of Barack Obama. Inauguration Day 2009 on the west steps of the U.S. Capitol …   Wikipedia

  • United States Army Military District of Washington — shoulder sleeve insignia …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Infantry Regiment (United States) — This article deals with the history of the current 1st Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. For the history of an earlier 1st Infantry Regiment, see 3rd US Infantry Infobox Military Unit unit name=1st Infantry Regiment caption=1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps — The United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps performs at a celebration commemorating the 225th anniversary of the American victory at the Siege of Yorktown, during the American Revolutionary War. The United States Army Old Guard Fife and… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Army — Department of the Army United States Army Department of the Army Emblem Act …   Wikipedia

  • 4th Infantry Regiment (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=4th Infantry Regiment caption=4th Infantry coat of arms country=USA type=Regiment branch=Regular Army dates=March, 1812 January 31, 1947; October 1, 1948 Present. specialization=Infantry command structure= size=Two …   Wikipedia

  • Regimentssystem der United States Army — Das Regimentssystem der United States Army engl. United States Army Regimental System (USARS) ist seit 1981 die Festlegung der Regimentsstruktur in der US Army. Jeder aktive Soldat der US Army sowie Reservist der US Army Reserve und Army National …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United States Army — L actuel logo de l US Army …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United States Army — Wappen des Department of the Army Aufstellung 1789 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 2nd Infantry Regiment (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=2nd Infantry Regiment caption=2nd Infantry Regiment distinctive insignia nickname=“Ramrods” motto=“Noli Me Tangere!” type=Infantry branch=Regular Army dates= 1808 – present country=U.S. specialization=1st Bn… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”