- Richard Boone Cheatham
Richard Boone Cheatham (
December 8, 1824to May 7, 1877) was the mayor of Nashville, Tennesseeduring the opening years of the Civil War. Cheatham was born in Springfield, Tennessee. His father, Richard Cheatham, was a Whig politician who was elected to the U.S. House of Representativesin 1836. Cheatham married Frances Ann Bugg. He was elected to the Tennessee House of Representativesin 1859 and resigned the following year to become Mayor of Nashville.
Less than a year after the outbreak of the Civil War and Tennessee secession from the Union, the
Union army, under General Ulysses S. Grantcaptured Fort Donelsonon the Cumberland Riveron February 16, 1862. This left Nashville almost indefensible. As the Union troops approached Nashville, panic erupted in the city. Cheatham urged the citizens to be calm and not to burn the city. On February 25, Union troops marched into Nashville and Cheatham along with ten other prominent citizens officially surrendered Nashville to Union General Don Carlos Buell.
Later, military governor (and future
president of the United States) Andrew Johnsonhad Cheatham arrested for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. Johnson had Unionist John Hugh Smithreplace Cheatham as mayor.
After the war, Cheatham was elected back to the Tennessee state House of Representatives and served one term from 1869 until 1871. Cheatham died six years later and was buried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Nashville.
Cheatham's two brothers,
Edward Saunders Cheathamand Boyd M. Cheatham, also served in the Tennessee state legislature.
One of Cheatham's daughters, Katherine "Kitty" Cheatham (born in 1864), grew to become a famous children's musician.
* cite book | first=Mark | last=Zimmerman | coauthors= | title=Guide to Civil War Nashville | publisher=Battle of Nashville Preservation Society | location=Nashville | year=2004 | editor=| id=ISBN 0-9747236-0-6
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