Infobox Irish Place
name = Straffan
gaeilge = Teach Srafáin
pin coords = left: 70px; top: 30px
north coord = 53.3 | west coord = 6.6 | irish grid =
area = | elevation = 70 m
population = | town pop = c.500 | rural pop = 1,453
census yr = 2006
web = |
Straffan ("Teach Srafáin" in Irish) is a village in
County Kildare, Ireland situated on the banks of the River Liffey, 25 km upstream of the Irish capital Dublin.
With a population, according to the census of 2006, of 439 – an increase since 2002 of 32.2% – Straffan is the 31st most populous centre in County Kildare.
Straffan is also an electoral division within
CelbridgeNumber 1 rural area. At one time a separate parish, it is joined to the parish of Celbridge (RC) and Celbridge and Newcastle (CofI) in the Diocese of Dublin.
Straffan is home to the Kildare Country Club, commonly known as the
K Club, and its two championship courses which have staged major international events such as the European Open (annually since 1995), and the Ryder Cuptournament between Europe and the USA in 2006.
The contemporary village is concentrated around two crossroads on which are situated a Roman Catholic church and
Church of Irelandrespectively. Development evolved through the building of estate houses ( 1880), land commission cottages ( 1922-39), the Murray local authority cottages ( 1949), and five estates around the village, Lodge Park ( 1970), Coarse Moor ( 1976), The Glebe ( 1985), The Beeches ( 2006) and Barton Grange ( 2007). This is set to increase in pace in the coming years when large housing estates are developed on two allotments to the north of the village. Four developments also took place on the grounds of the K Club in the 2000-04 period, Ryder Cup Village, the Courtyard, Churchfields and Ladycastle. A planning application has been lodged with Kildare County Council(2007) to develop a separate town to the south west at Turnings.
Straffan is situated at a particularly low lying point in the Liffey valley and is surrounded by flood meadows along the Liffey and River Morell. Agriculture is important to the local economy. Since the
1700sStraffan farmers have been prominent improving agriculturalists and prominent in the prize lists at events run by the Royal Dublin Society. The research station for the Agriculture department of University College Dublinis situated at nearby Lyons Hill. As with the rest of County Kildare, racehorse breeding and training is a prominent local activity. In the 1920sStraffan Station stud was the leading horse breeding stud in the country when owned by Edward “Cub’ Kennedy.
The name 'Straffan' has an interesting etymological history. The town is named for St Srafán, whose feast day in the
Martyrology of Tallaghtwas May 23rd. Straffan was also one of 300 Irish locations accorded its own place-legend in Dinnshenchas Érenn (Metrical (ed. Edward Gwynn 1924) iv, pp328-331). It consisted of a poem Lumman Tige Srafain, about a warrior who possessed a wonderful shield, Lumman of the title, and who, according to the poem, died of his wounds at Tech Srafáin. Two forms of the name cited in the tale, Tech Srafáin and Tige Srafáin, are Middle Irish nominative and genitive case forms. The spelling Strafáin, with a -t-, is unusual. Straphan or Straffan is a shortened anglicised form of the original Irish Teach Srafáin (the initial Str- is the usual development of Irish Sr in English), "teach", meaning house..
The second Irish name of the town - "An Cluanini", means "little meadows". The story goes that St. Srafán, upon his arrival to the village, noted the smaller size fields in comparison to those of his native Tallaght and gave the town the name.
Dinnshenchas Érenn, probably composed by
Cináed Ua Hartacáin(d975), also selected the nearby Cnoch Liamhna for mention as one of the “assemblies and noted places in Ireland” , an indication of the strength of the local ruling family, the Uí Dúnchada branch of the Uí Dúnlaingewho supplied ten kings of Leinsterfrom their base on nearby Lyons Hillbetween 750-1050.
Sruthán (stream) was mistakenly cited by
Thomas O'Connorin the Ordnance SurveyLetters in 1837.and adopted as the Irish form of Straffan. Seosamh Laoide used it in his list of Irish names of post-offices published in Post-Sheanchas (1905). An Sruthán gained currency among those involved in the Irish revival and was promoted as name in the local schools. Recent research by Domhnall mac Gilla Easpaig declares it “completely at odds with the written evidence cited above and with local pronunciation and appears to be no more than an ad hoc explanation of the name by O'Connor's informant.” Sruthán is anglicised struffaun in some parts of the country. One would not expect to find it rendered thus in the Straffan area.”
To add to the confusion the Post Office Guide published by the Department of Posts and Telegraphs 1937 gives the Irish form Cluainíní for Straffan, as cited by Seosamh Laoide.
An Comisiún Logainmneachaproposed the form Na Cluainíní as the Irish form of Straffan Station in the provisional list of the Irish names of postal towns Ainmneacha Gaeilge na mBailte Poist i gCuige Laighean, Liosta Sealadach (1964). It was changed to Teach Strafan in 1982 Post Office Guide.
Adding further to the confusion was the anomaly, which was corrected in the last five years, of the road signs on the three major roads leading into the village showing the three different names.
Places of interest
Today Straffan contains
Catholicand Church of Irelandchurches, a newsagent, a butchers', two pubs, the Straffan Inn and Friel's, a gaelic footballclub, a soccer cluband a primary school, Scoil Bhríde (present building constructed in 1963). The heritage of the area is reflected in the fact that fifty sites of archaeological and cultural interest in the locality have been identified and listed for preservation by Kildare County Council, ranging from an ancient hill fort and round tower to the 1913 Lych Gate to the graveyard which has been adopted as the symbol of the village. Local commercial visitor attractions include the Steam Museum at Lodge Park, a Butterfly farm and Morell Farm (did not open for 2007 season).
Castles and Houses
The nearby tower house of Castledillon passed to the de Hereford and Rochford families (1359) until it too fell into disrepair – now only the foundations remain.
A Wogan family tower house “in the north part of Richardstown townland” described as “a square building about 60 feet in height' by Thomas O’Conor in 1837 is now reduced to a pile of stones and mortar which has obviously been moved from its original location.
Barberstown Castle was more fortunate. Its battlemented keep is a prominent landmark on the
Celbridgeto Claneroad, 50 feet at its greatest height with walls four and a half feet thick, two small towers, a 53 step staircase and some evidence of damage in the war of 1641. Originally built by Nicholas Barby in the13th century, it passed to the Penkistons in the 14th century, Suttons in the 15th century, the Gaynors who built the Elizabethan House in the 16th century, to Katherine Dillon and Lord Kingston in the 17th century, Bartholomew Van Homrighin the 18th century and Hugh Barton who built the castle roof and added the Victorian House in the 19th century. It is now a hotel and wedding venue.
Lyons Castle mentioned in the 1332 Book of Howth when it was burned by the O’Tooles, passed to the Tyrrell in the 1200s, the Aylmer family in 1271 and to the Lawless family, Barons Cloncurry in 1796 after which they built the nearby house, substantially rebuilt and refurbished by
Valentine Lawless, the second Baron Cloncurry 1803-10...
Lodge Park was designed by
Nathaniel Clementsfor Hugh Henry, a Palladian house unusual for its four wings. The story was already current in the early 19th century that when Henry married the daughter of Earl of Milltown he promised her frontage as long as Russborough.
The townland known variously in the calendar Rolls as Surning, Twinings, Surnyng and eventually known as Turnings passed in to the ownership of Thomas Hall (1406), William Preston (1508), Patrick Sarsfield (ancestor of
Patrick Sarsfieldof siege of Limerick fame) (1560), Theophilus Jones (1641) and eventually passed to the Mills family.
Straffan Lodge, described by
Samuel Lewisin 1837 as “the neat residence of Mrs Whitelaw” is noted for its dining room decorated Tudor style with oak panels. Its single storey wing was added later.
Local ecclesiastical sites prospered at different times, The medieval parish of Straffan lies on the border of the Diocese of Dublin (boundaries established 1111), to the south of Tagahdoe Parish (Teach Tua), bounded on the west by Mainham, south by Bodenstown and Whitechurch, and east by Killadoon and Castledillon. Ecclesiastical sources refer to Straphan Register of the Hospital of St. John the Baptist 1245, the Calendar of Justiciary Rolls 1306 and the Regal Visitation 1530 which describes Straffan as 'a church of the deanery of Saltu Salmonis. In 1541 Straffan was united with Castledillon, Donacumper and Kildrought.
The last Catholic Parish Priest of Castledillon died in 1707 after which the parish was joined with Straffan. Straffan parish is now joined to Celbridge.
Straffan’s ruined parish church in the graveyard at the centre of the village can be dated to the 15th century from its distinctive bell cote, and defensive living quarters over the main building in the manner of Oughterard and other local churches. The Church of Ireland (1833) has stained glass windows by
Alfred Childand Catherine O’Brienand several monuments to the Barton family. It was modeled on churches in France. The Catholic church (1787, rebuilt 1987) was also the site of the national school until 1963. It is part of Straffan’s proud ecumenical tradition that the Catholic community used the Church of Ireland while their own church was undergoing reconstruction.
A well and stone roofed chapel at Ardrass (restored 1898) are associated with St Patrick. The hill was a place of pilgrimage until the 19th century.
Castledillon, situated on the south bank of the River Liffey opposite Straffan, is an ancient monastic site in tits own right founded by Iollathan of the desert (feast day is listed as 2nd Feb in the Martyrology of Tallaght) and accorded a genealogy which indicated close kinship with the Ui Dunglainge
kings of Leinster. By 1294 the church of Tristeyldelane was described as “not worth the services of chaplains” in the Calendar of Christ Church deeds. The site is now identified by a pile of stones and one headstone, erected in 1758 to the Spellissy family. The Castledillon Friars Stone, probably erected for a 15th century abbot of St Wolstan’s (four miles to the east), remained on the site until removed to the Visitor centre in Kildare town.
traffan Rail Tragedy
Straffan was the scene of a railway accident on
October 5 1853in which 18 people died including four children. It occurred in heavy fog when a goods train ran in to the back of a stalled passenger train at a point 974 yards south of Straffan Station. The goods train smashed the first class carriage, which was driven a quarter of a mile through station. The tragedy was the subject of a poem by Donegal-born poet William Allingham. It was the third worst accident in rail history to that date.
Straffan station was last used for scheduled services in 1947 and the last special train stopped at Straffan in 1963. Straffan railway station opened on
1 August 1848and finally closed on 10 November 1947. [cite web | title=Straffan station | work=Railscot - Irish Railways | url=http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf | accessdate=2007-11-24]
traffan Steam Museum
Straffan Steam Museumis now housed in a church which once stood in the Inchicore railway works in Dublin. The Museum has a fine collection of models of steam locomotives, including two used in the late 19th century by the Great Northern Railway. It also displays a large selection of steam engines used for industrial propulsion, including a huge beam engine used in the Midletonwhiskey distillery in County Cork, a pumping engine employed in Jameson's distillery in Dublin, and a large beam engine installed in Smithwick's brewery, Kilkenny, in 1847. The Museum is open to visitors from Wednesdays to Sundays during the summer, from 2pm to 6pm.
The area was ravaged in the wars of 1641-2. The Lords of the Pale who allied with
Rory O'Morein1642 included Nicholas Wogan of Rathcoffey(member of the Council of War), Andrew Aylmer of Donadea, Nicholas Sutton of Barberstown, John Gaydon of lrishtown (whose estate included the present Straffan), Garret Sutton of Richardstown and James Eustace of Clongowes. In 1641 Lyons Castle was taken and sacked on the orders of the new LJs William Parsons and John Borlase and two castles belonging to Edward Tipper of Tipperstown burned
When James Butler, 12th Earl of Ormond marched into Kildare in 1642, he burned Lyons, Newcastle and Oughterard on February 1st 1642.
George Moncklanded in Dublin in February 1642 for the parliamentarians and camped in Straffan (the horses field at Ardrass is named as his camp). Rathcoffeywas besieged and taken by Monck in June 1642, 70 of the garrison made prisoners and later executed in Dublin. During the campaign Kildare county was burned “for 17 miles in length and 25 in breadth.” William Petty’s Census of 1659 recorded “Barbiestowne” with 36 people and Straffan with 23 people, surnames among them included Byrne, Kelly, Doyle, Malone and Murphy.
According to depositions taken after the battle of Ovidstown, a party of 1798 Rebels met at Straffan Bridge including Patrick O’Connor ‘a lawyer from Straffan’, and spent some time in stables of Straffan Lodge (June 18). In 1803 Straffan men marched to Dublin to join Emmet’s rebellion, while Barney Daly’s pub in Baronrath was used as a rendez-vous.
Valentine Lawless, later the second Baron Cloncurry, was sworn in to United Irishmen by James O’Coigly. He was elected colonel of United Irishmenin Kildare, was the last proprietor of ‘The Press’ (United Irish newspaper) and became the United Irish organiser in London until his arrest and detention in the Tower of London. He was also related to Robert Emmetand according to Emmet’s biographer Ruan O’Donnell provided a link between 1798 and 1803, waiting in Paris for word of success of the rebellion and was to be member of Emmet's government. O’Donnell describes as “disingenuous” Lawless’s 1857 account of how he had pleaded with Emmet not to return to Dublin. The Sammon family form Straffan and the Pitts family from Bishopscourt were listed among the rebels.
22 January 1812100 persons assembled at night with carts for the purpose of retrieving hay which had been seized in lieu of rent. Leading to a confrontation during which Patrick King was shot dead. As a result of the incident, a request was made to have the military at Celbridge strengthened. Eventually in 1871 a neo-gothic RIC barracks was built in the village with distinctive gun turrets designed to repel invading Fenians. The barracks was vacated and passed in to private hands in March 1905.
War of Independence & The Troubles
National Leaguebranch for Celbridge and Straffan was established on Sept 24 1887. Bertram H Barton was a member of the Unionist party and instigator of a sedition charge against the Principal of Ardclough school in 1917. Straffan casualties in the First world war included James Cash, (died May 27, 1918.), D.A. Carden, (September 4, 1915), l Thomas Goucher, (January 22, 1918). Ronald B.C Kennedy (died of illness August 18, 1917), G Kinahan, (October 14, 1916), William Lawless (September 15, 1917), and Peter McLeish, (January 21, 1918). Francie Sammon was a civilian casualty in the Easter Rising of 1916.
A branch of the
Irish National Volunteerswas formed in Straffan in 1914. The St Anne's Brass Band from Ardcloughplayed at the Bodenstowncommemoration in 1914 at which Thomas Clarkespoke. In February 1917 a Company was reformed in Straffan and a branch of Sinn Féinformed in 1918. Volunteers planned to bomb the bridge at Straffan but the plan was aborted. Telephone wires were destroyed at Bishopscourtand Straffan volunteers took part in the ambush at Stacumny on 5 July 1921. Prominent local volunteers included John Logie, Tom Cornelia, James Travers and John McSweeney. During the Civil war the barnewall homesteasd near the 13th Lock in Lyons was the North Kildare brigade headquarters for the anti-treaty IRA.
22 June 1975a local man Christopher Phelanwas murdered when he delayed an attempt to derail a train passing on the main Dublin to Cork railway line by unidentified paramilitaries near Baronrathbridge. His intervention saved the lives of 200 people on the train as it delayed the detonation of the bomb which blew a 3-foot gap in the track. The incident is the subject of an ongoing investigation into “deniable” British army activities in conjunction with Northern Ireland based paramilitaries.
March 31 1976the biggest train robbery in Irish history took place at Wheatfield. Eight men in fluorescent jackets used emergency signals to stop the mail train bound from Cork to Dublin and escaped with £600,000 in small denomination notes. The incident became the centre of a celebrated miscarriage of justice case, known mistakenly as the Sallins Train Robberycase after the nearest rail station then open, when three men were wrongly convicted of the robbery.
traffan Estate and Its Owners
In 1171 Trachstraphli was granted to Maurice Fitzgerald by
Richard de Clare(Strongbow). In c1185 -1189 Gerald Fitzgerald was accorded “Trachstraphli” in the Red Book of the Earls of Kildare(Ed. G. Mac Niocaill, Dublin, 1964). In 1288 Sir John Fannyn conveyed Straffan and Ballespaddagh (Irishtown) to Richard Le Penkiston on a deed witnessed by Richard de la Salle, John Posswick and Nicholas Barby, each of whom gave their names to surrounding townlands, Sealstown (de la Salle), Possextown (Posswick) and Barberstown (Barby). In 1473 Suttons held the land as tenants and the land passed to John Gaydon (1490), Thomas Boules (1653), Richard Talbot(1679), John White (1691), Robert Delap (1717) and Dublin Banker Hugh Henry who purchased the house for £2,200 in 1731.
The Henry Family
Hugh Henry who was MP for Limavady 1713 and Antrim 1727-43 built a house which resembled Oakley Park in Celbridge. Another Hugh Henry (a nephew) built Lodge Park in 1775. His son Joseph Henry matriculated from Trinity College at 13, inherited the house in 1749, and became MP for Longford 1761-68, Joseph Henry is featured in many of the caricatures painted by
William Hogarthand on display in the National Gallery of Ireland. His son John Joseph Henry gave the site for Straffan Catholic church in 1787. At the request of Valentine Lawless, Henry subscribed £500 for defence of Armagh rebel priest James O’Coigly. In 1801 he married Lady Emily Fitzgerald a daughter of the Duke of Leinster. According to a commentator of the time “owing to his extravagance from one of the richest commoners in Ireland he became so embarrassed that he was obliged to sell Straffan and live abroad. Among other foolish things he built an underground passage from Straffan House to the stables.” A Benjamin Hallamdesign for proposed extension to house from 1808 survives, but the house accidentally burned and the Henry family settled in France.
The Barton Family
Hugh Barton purchased and built a new house (1828-31, designed by
Frederick Darley) slightly downriver from the Henry’s burned out home. Twenty years later an attic added and a distinctive mansard roof, the stacks raised and embellished in French style. An Italian style campanile tower with gilded vane was added later. The refurbished house was based on a chateau at Louveciennes.
Barton(1766-1854) was in turn succeeded by Nathaniel Barton (1799-1867), Hugh Lyndoch Barton (1824-1899), Bertram Francis Barton (1830-1904), Bertram Hugh Barton (1858-1927) and Capt Frederick (Derick) Barton (1900-1993). The first five generations of Bartons owned both the estate at Straffan and the family’s 37-hectacre vineyard in St Julien near the Gironde north of Bordeaux, producers of Chateau Leoville-Bartonand Chateau Langoa-Barton. On his death Bertram Barton left the Straffan estate to his eldest son Derrick and the Bordeaux estate to his second son Ronald Barton. Anthony Barton moved to St Julienin 1951 and took over the vineyard on the death of Ronald in 1986. The Barton dynasty is believed to be the longest period of single family ownership of any vineyard in Bordeaux.
The K Club
On the death of Bertram Barton in a hunting accident in 1927 the scale of the losses on the estate, £4,000 per year, became apparent. The staff of 50 outdoor and 16 indoor employees was unsustainable. Derrick Barton laid off most of the staff and demolished part of the house before selling the house and estate for £15,000 to motorcycle manufacturer John Ellis in 1949. Derrick Barton moved to Straffan Glebe House for a time. The last five private owners of Straffan House followed in quick succession: car importer
Stephen O’Flaherty(1960), film producer Kevin McClory(1973), Iranian air force founder and minister in the Shah’s government Nadar Djhanbani(1977, shortly before the downfall of the Shah’s government and his execution), developer Patrick Gallagher(1979) and property magnate Alan Ferguson(1981) who invested £6m in Straffan House but never lived there.
Michael Smurfitwho was searching for a suitable old house and estate to develop as a country club recruited Ray Carroll, former manager at the Grosvenor Hotelin London to help with the task. Carroll recommended Straffan above seven other estates he had examined. In 1988 Straffan house was sold for £7m to the Jefferson Smurfit company for use as a golf course and hotel. A further £35m was spent developing the house as a hotel under a scheme negotiated with the government to produce 200 jobs in return for tax breaks for investors. In 1991 Straffan was opened as a 31-bedroom hotel. In 2004 a wing was added to double the size of the hotel and a granite porch from Ballynegal Co Westmeath used to bring the two wings together.
Straffan put in its first bid to host the Ryder Cup in 1988, before the course had even been built, for the 1993 event. In 1990 the north course, designed by
Arnold Palmer, was completed. Straffan staged the PGA cup in 1991 and Irish professional Championship in 1992. As a result of a £1 million sponsorship offer form the Smurfit Group, the European Open moved its annual home from Walton Heathto Straffan in 1995. In 1999 Straffan’s bid for the Ryder Cup was eventually accepted by the European PGA. The tournament, staged in September 2006, proved to be the most profitable in the history of the tournament. The south course was completed in 2003 and used for the European Open of 2004.In 2002 Madison Dearbormtook over the Jefferson Smurfit corporation and divested itself of the K Club. Michael Smurfit purchased the hotel and estate and acquired a further 80 acres on the opposite side of the river for €115m in 2004, with the support of property developer Gerry Gannon. To fund this expansion 81 housing units were developed on the course and sold for €2.5m each.
*Horse breeding and training has an honourable history in the area.
The Tetrarch, bred by Edward “Cub” Kennedyin 1908, never competed as a three year old but is still remembered in folklore as one of the best two year olds of all time.
Christopher Bartonwon an Olympic silver medal in 1948 as part of an all-Cambridge eight which represented Britain in the Olympic Games. His father Derrick Bartonwas a member of the British Modern Pentathlonteam which finished seventh in the team event at the 1924 Olympics.
*A Straffan resident
David Ritchielaid out Ireland’s first golf course in the Curraghin 1852. There were estate cricket teams in both Straffan and Bishopscourt in 1880.
*Straffan AFC (Soccer Club) was founded in 1978 and played on lands owned by racehorse trainer Mr Michael Vance at Whitechurch Straffan. In 1979 the club reached the Counties Cup semi-final but were beaten. They decided to move to the Dublin section of the Leinster Junior League in 1981 and the change seemed to suit as the club won its first league title in 1981’82, the manager at the time was Pat McKenna and Tommy Stanley was the team captain.
Straffan GAAclub was described in 1934 as the cradle of the GAA in Kildare Straffan. JL Carews played SallinsIn their first match on the same day, February 15 1885, that Maurice Davin’s first rules of Gaelic football were being agreed by GAA Central Council in Cork. The club’s best period followed their success in the 1966 Intermediate championship when they competed in the Kildare senior championship 1967-79. In that period Thomas Walshplayed senior football for Kildare having won an All-Ireland Under 21 medal in 1965. Currently Straffan has two teams competing in the Kildare Senior and Junior Football Leagues.
*The annual Liffey Descent canoe race, (first staged 1960) starts annually in Straffan and follows the river Liffey 17 miles downstream to
*Straffan has a remarkable tradition of success in under-age chess due to the interest of recently retired Scoil Bride school principal
Jack Hennigan. Paul Dempsey, Eoin Spring, Robert Kellyand Colm D’Rosariohave all represented Ireland in World Chess Championships.
Listed Sites in the Area
ArdrassSt Patrick's Chapel,
ArdrassSt. Patrick’s Well,
*Castledillon Graveyard & Early Church Site
*Castlewarden Medieval Earthwork Complex
*Castlewarden Motte And Bailey
*Castlewarden Rectangular Enclosure
ClonaghlisChurch Site And Graveyard
ClowningsRectilinear Earthworks (“Puddlehall Moat”)
*Glebe House Glebe*Ladycastle Motte
*Lodge Park Lodge
*Lodge Park House
*Lyons Church and Carvings
*Lyons Church And Graveyard
*Lyons Demesne - Earthworks
*Lyons Demesne - Castle
*Lyons Demesne - Medieval Village
*Lyons House and Interiors, Gabrielli Murals
*Lyons Ringfort (Rath Cashel)
OughterardCastle (in ruins)
OughterardRound Tower and Church
*Reeves Tower House
*Richardstown Tower House
*Straffan Catholic Church
*Straffan Church And Graveyard
*Straffan Church of Ireland Church
*Straffan Lych Gate to Graveyard
*Straffan Church Ruins
*Straffan Demesne Straffan House and Gates
*Straffan Ringfort (Rath Cashel) at Glebe
*Straffan Old R.I.C barracks.
*Turnings Millbrook House
*Turnings House and lodge/entrance walls
*Turnings Upper - Architectural Fragment
*Turnings Upper - Enclosure
*Whitechurch Castle Church & Baptismal Font
*Whitechurch Church And Graveyard
*Whitechurch Field System
*Whitechurch Holy Well
*Ardclough Churches 1985 Souvenir Brochure.
*Allen, Hilary: Cradle Days and Winning Ways: History of Straffan GAA (Straffan GAA 1986).
*Barton, Derick: Memories of Ninety Years: An Autobiography (Privately published 1985)
*Corry, Eoghan and Tancred, Jim: Annals of Ardclough (Ardclough GAA 2004).
*Fitzgerald, Walter: Castledillon (Kildare Journal Archaeological Society Vol VI 1909 pp207-213).
*Fitzpatrick, W J: Life, Times and contemporaries of Lord Cloncurry (1855).
*Gilleece, Dermot: The Ryder Cup 2006: Ireland's Legacy (Red Rock Press 14 Oct 2005) ISBN 978-0954865320
*Kelly, Martin J: Owners and tenants of Barberstown Castle (Kildare Journal Archaeological Society 1975).
*Journals of the Kildare Archaeological Society: Volume II : 259, 283. Volume IV : 114. Volume VI : 207-213. Volume XII : 265.
*Lawless, Valentine, Lord Cloncurry: Recollections (Dublin 1849). Online version available: http://www.quinnipiac.edu/other/abl/etext/irish/recollections/cloncurry.html
*Reid, Philip: The Cup: How the 2006 Ryder Cup Was Won (Maverick House 20 Jan 2007 ISBN 978-1905379248).
* Straffan Butterfly Farm Website - http://www.straffanbutterflyfarm.com
* Straffan AFC - http://www.straffanafc.com
* Straffan Steam Museum Website - http://www.steam-museum.com/steam.html
* Development Plan http://kildare.ie/countycouncil/planning/developmentplans/localareaplans/straffan/...
* Local area plan http://kildare.ie/countycouncil/planning/localareaplans/straffan/index.html
List of towns in the Republic of Ireland
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.