- Song Xu
Song Xu (zh-cpw|c=宋旭|p=Sòng Xù|w=Sung Hsü, b. 1525), was a Chinese landscape painter. His
courtesy namewas Chuyang (初炀) and pen name was Shimen (石门, “Stone Gate”). Song eventually became a Buddhistpriest and adopted various religious names. He was according to some sources from Jixingin Zhejiang province, but according to others from Huzhouin Zhejiang Province. Song was and extremely well read and well versed individual who was greatly influenced by Zenteaching. He was an expert landscapist, but also excelled at human figures. During the late 16th century, he traveled throughout China. A 1543 scroll shows his study of the Song period painter Xia Gui. He is said to have studied the works of the master artist Shen Zhou. Song's eccentric paintings are often characterized by inscriptions in characters of an archaic style. An extant painting of Buddhist Arhats bears a date of 1605. Other works show a still active painter at eighty-one. Song Xu was an artist that was largely individualistic and independent, working for the most part outside the major painting schools of his age.
*James Cahill, "The Distant Mountains", Weatherhill, New York and Tokyo, 1982, pp. 63-66.
*Yu Lianhua, "Encyclopedia of Chinese Artists" (Zhongguo meishu jia renming cidian), Shanghai, p. 323.
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