- Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive
company_name = Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive
Passenger Transport Executive
Transport Act 1968
(as SELNEC PTE)
location = 2 Piccadilly Place,
parent = Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority
homepage = [http://www.gmpte.com/ www.gmpte.com]
The Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive (GMPTE) is the public body (
Passenger Transport Executive) responsible for co-ordinating public transportservices throughout Greater Manchesterin North West England.
The GMPTE is the executive arm of the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority (GMPTA) which funds and makes policies for the GMPTE. The authority is made up of thirty-three councilors appointed from each of the ten Greater Manchester districts (Bolton, Bury,
Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Traffordand Wigan).
GMPTE's main headquarters as of January 2007 is in 2 Piccadilly Place, in
Manchester City Centre.
The GMPTE does not actually run passenger services, but is responsible for:
busservices which are considered socially necessary but would not otherwise be viable, and providing bus stops and shelters.
*Managing the funding and administration of concessionary fares for the elderly and disabled etc. GMPTE also runs "Ring-and-Ride" services for the disabled.
*The GMPTE is responsible for specifying fares and service levels of local
trainservices operating from the county.
*GMPTE owns the
Manchester Metrolinklight-rail system, it was operated under a concession by a private company called Sercountil taken over by Stagecoachon Sunday 15th July 2007 on a fixed contract, with the concession being taken over by GMPTE
*It funds, promotes and manages major county-wide public transport initiatives such as transport interchanges and the Metrolink.
*GMPTE is also responsible for providing information about public transport services, and operates multi-modal ticketing schemes.
What became the GMPTE was originally created in 1969 by the
Transport Act 1968. At the time the conurbation surrounding Manchester was divided between the two counties of Lancashireand Cheshire. Because of this, the executive was originally known as the SELNEC Passenger Transport Executive (SELNEC standing for 'South East Lancashire North East Cheshire') a joint authority of the various local councils was created to administer it.
The South East Lancashire and North East Cheshire Passenger Transport Area was defined as:
:(a) the county boroughs of the Cities of Manchester and Salford, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale and Stockport; :(b) so much of the administrative county of the County Palatine of Chester as is comprised in the following county districts or parts of such districts, that is to say ::(i) the boroughs of Altrincham, Dukinfield, Hyde, Sale and Stalybridge; ::(ii) the urban districts of Alderley Edge, Bowdon, Bredbury and Romiley, Cheadle and Gatley, Hale, Hazel Grove and Bramhall, Longdendale, Marple and Wilmslow; ::(iii) the rural districts of Disley and Tintwistle; ::(iv) so much of the rural district of Bucklow as is comprised in the following parishes: Carrington, Partington and Ringway; ::(v) so much of the rural district of Macclesfield as is comprised in the of parish of Poynton-with-Worth; :(c) so much of the administrative county of Derby as is comprised in the borough of Glossop; :(d) so much of the administrative county of the County Palatine of Lancaster as is comprised in the following county districts, that is to say ::(i) the boroughs of Ashton-under-Lyne, Eccles, Farnworth, Heywood, Leigh, Middleton, Mossley, Prestwich, Radcliffe, Stretford and Swinton and Pendlebury; ::(ii) the urban districts of Atherton, Audenshaw, Chadderton, Crompton, Denton, Droylsden, Failsworth, Horwich, Irlam, Kearsley, Lees, Little-borough, Little Lever, Milnrow, Ramsbottom, Royton, Tottington, Turton, Tyldesley, Urmston, Wardle, Westhoughton, Whitefield, Whitworth and Worsley; :(e) so much of the administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire as is comprised in the urban district of Saddleworth. [The South East Lancashire and North East Cheshire Passenger Transport Area (Designation) Order 1969 (1969 No. 95)]
From 1 November 1969 the PTE took over the bus fleets of eleven municipalities:
*Manchester Corporation (1,250 vehicles)
SalfordCorporation (271 vehicles)
BoltonCorporation (249 vehicles)
OldhamCorporation (180 vehicles)
StockportCorporation (145 vehicles)
RochdaleCorporation (130 vehicles)
BuryCorporation (96 vehicles)
Stalybridge, Hyde, Mossleyand DukinfieldTransport and Electricity Board
Ashton-under-LyneCorporation (60 vehicles)
*Leigh Corporation (57 vehicles)
RamsbottomUrban District Council (12 vehicles) [cite book | title= The bus book : (everything you wanted to know about buses but were afraid to ask) | author= Booth, Gavin|coauthors=Stewart J. Brown | year= 1984 | publisher= Ian Allan | location= London | isbn= 0-7110-1440-X ]
On 1 January 1972, SELNEC PTE acquired depots in
Altrincham, Glossop, Oldham, Stockportand Urmstonalong with buses and services, from the National Bus Company subsidiary North Western. [cite book | title= A National Bus Company album | author= Stenning, Ray | year= 1979 | publisher= Viewfinder | location= Wiveliscombe | isbn= 0-906051-03-7 ]
Greater Manchester PTE
When the new
Metropolitan countyof Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 the executive was renamed to its present title, with the county council replacing the joint transport authority. The PTE also acquired the bus operations of WiganCorporation with 130 vehicles. Further expansion of saw the acquisition of Warburton's Coachesin November 1975; and Lancashire United Transportand Godfrey Abbotin January 1976. The double 'M' logo was first seen around 1974 and still survives to this day. It was used on the side of buses next to the words "Greater Manchester Transport" displayed in upper and lower case helvetica letters.
Following the abolition of the
Greater Manchester County Councilin 1986, a new Passenger Transport Authority was created to administer the GMPTE, made up of councillors from the Greater Manchester district councils. Apart from printed material and logos etched in glass on the side of bus shelters, GMPTE began a programme of adding their logo to 101 train station nameboards in the area in the 1990s. This idea was later extended to a re-design of the bus stop flag in 2000 resulting in a unified corporate appearance containing the double M logo.
Deregulation and Privatisation of Bus Services
In order to prepare for
bus deregulationthe PTE's bus operations passed to Greater Manchester Buses Limited (trading as GM Buses) in October 1986. The company was owned at "arm's length" by the PTE, and had to compete in the deregulated market. In preparation for privatisation, the company was split into GM Buses North and GM Buses South on 13 December 1993. Both companies were sold to their management on 31 March 1994. Both companies were sold to major groups in 1996: GM Buses South to Stagecoach in February, GM Buses North to First Groupin March.
GMPTE and the GMPTA are working with the
Association of Greater Manchester Authoritiesto produce proposals for the Manchester Congestion Charge, which they claim will significantly improve public transport in the area funded by charging motorists entering the city at peak times. A consultation document was sent out to residents during July 2008.
GMPTE are developing a ITSO compliant smartcard known as
* [http://www.gmpte.com/ GMPTE's website]
* [http://www.gmpta.gov.uk/ Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority]
* [http://www.gmtu.gov.uk/ Greater Manchester Transportation Unit]
* [http://www.metromapsoftheworld.com/PipeDreams/PiccVic/ SELNEC plans for urban rapid transport]
* [http://www.gmfuturetransport.org/ Greater Manchester Congestion Charge Proposals]
* [http://www.selnec.org.uk/title.htm The SELNEC Preservation Society]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.