Auseklis

Auseklis

Auseklis (derived from root aus - "dawn" or "orient" and Latvian: sēkla - "seed", or from verb aust - "to rise (for sun, stars or moon), thus Auseklis may carry the meaning of "The one who rises" ) was a Latvian god, and the personification of the celestial body Venus. He is third most popular deity in Latvian mythology after Saulė and Mēness, but is only mentioned in dainas and probably was invented by Krišjānis Barons.

Contents

Auseklis as a god

Crosses of Lietuvēns: Auseklis (above) and the pentagram (below) had to be drawn without lifting one's hand.

Auseklis is closely associated with Mēness ("moon"). They both are Dieva dēli ("sons of God"), and are thus confused with each other and with other male deities. Auseklis is the groom of Saules meita ("daughter of the sun", Lithuanian Aušrinė). Few dainas suggest that Auseklis probably is too young to ride a horse, so respectively a horse for him is bought. However, it is said that "a son doesn't need it yet". It isn't clear if the word "son" refers Auseklis himself, his son, or the horse.

Auseklis as a sign

An eight-pointed star (a regular octagram), which became the symbol of the third Latvian National Awakening, is named Auseklis. It is also known as a cross of Lietuvēns (an evil spirit). The other symbol is the pentagram, which symbolizes Venus in other cultures. Thus, both signs could have been symbols of Auseklis, originally used for protection against evil spirits. Later, the pentagram became a symbol of evil spirits. Both signs had to be drawn without lifting the hand. The images to the right shows how to do it step-by-step. Auseklis as a sign is of Finno-Ugric origin and came into Latvian mythology from the native Finno-Ugric inhabitants of modern-day Latvia.

References

  • Latvijas Enciklopēdija, Rīga 2002, ISDN 9984-9482-0-X (1-8)
  • Dainuskapis.lv

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Auseklis — (lettisch für Morgenstern) ist ein baltischer Sternengott und Gott der Morgendämmerung. Auseklis ist der Mondgottheit Méness und der Sonnengöttin Saulė untergeben. Der Überlieferung nach zählt Méness jeden Abend die Sterne. Fehlt der Morgenstern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • auseklis — ausẽklis dkt …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • Auseklis — ▪ Baltic deity (Latvian), Lithuanian  Aušrinė        in Baltic religion, the morning star and deity of the dawn. The Latvian Auseklis was a male god, the Lithuanian Aušrinė a female.       Related in name to the Vedic Uṣas and the Greek Eos,… …   Universalium

  • auseklis — ausẽklis sm. (2) 1. pagaliukas, ant kurio pinamos vyžų ausys apivarams įverti: Pervėrė per vyžo ausis ausekliùs Kb. Kokie išeis tavo vyžai, matai, jog ausẽkliai kreivi Dbč. 2. žemas su ąsomis (ausimis) kubiliukas: Čia pat šaukštai, druskinė… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Auseklis Ozols — is an American painter and fine arts educator, based in New Orleans, Louisiana.Ozols was born in Latvia in 1941. He moved to the U.S. with his family in 1950. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the Trenton School of… …   Wikipedia

  • Auseklis (disambiguation) — Auseklis may refer to:*Deity from the Latvian mythology *Pen name for Latvian poet and author Miķelis Krogzemis …   Wikipedia

  • АУСЕКЛИС (Auseklis) — (наст. имя и фам. Микелис Крогземис Krogzemis) (1850 79), латышский поэт. Острые сатиры на немецких баронов и духовенство. Поэтизировал патриархальный быт …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Аусеклис, Крогзем Микус — [Auseklis, 1850 1879] виднейший латышский поэт 70 х гг. От его стихотворений и прозы веет еще порывом и бодростью национально освободительного движения 60 х гг., но содержание их уже отражает реакционные настроения зажиточных слоев латвийского… …   Большая биографическая энциклопедия

  • Latvian mythology — Latvian culture, along with Lithuanian, is among the oldest surviving Indo European cultures. Much of its symbolism (an example is the pērkonkrusts or thunder cross) is ancient. Its seasons, festivals, and numerous deities reflect the essential… …   Wikipedia

  • Zvaigznes — In ancient Latvian culture, Zvaignzes ( star ) referred to several different ideas. # short for Zvaigznes Diena, a holiday. # Zelta Zvaigznes ( golden star ) was an alternate name for Auseklis # Ausekla Zvaigzne ( star of Auseklis ) was Auseklis… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”