Allan Kaprow

Allan Kaprow

Allan Kaprow (August 23, 1927 – April 5, 2006) was an American painter, assemblagist and a pioneer in establishing the concepts of performance art. He helped to develop the "Environment" and "Happening" in the late 1950s and 1960s, as well as their theory. His Happenings - some 200 of them - evolved over the years. Eventually Kaprow shifted his practice into what he called "Activities", intimately-scaled pieces for one or several players and devoted to the examination of everyday behaviors and habits in a way nearly indistinguishable from ordinary life. Fluxus, Performance art, and Installation art was, in turn, influenced by his work.

Academic career

As an undergraduate at New York University, Kaprow was extremely influenced by John Dewey's book "Art as Experience" Citation
last =Cotter
first =Holland
publication-date =April 10, 2006
title =Allan Kaprow, Creator of Artistic 'Happenings,' Dies at 78
periodical =The New York Times
url =
accessdate =2008-04-29
] . Kaprow's work began with abstract painting, but through his studies with John Cage, his work evolved . He studied (time-based) composition with John Cage at his famous class at the New School for Social Research, painting with Hans Hofmann, and art history with Meyer Schapiro. With John Cage's influence, he became less and less focused on the product of painting, and instead on the action. In the late 50's and early 60's while working as a Professor at Rutgers University he helped to create the group Fluxus, along with Professors Robert Watts and Geoffrey Hendricks, undergraduates George Segal, Lucas Samaras and Robert Whitman, George Brecht, and Roy Lichtenstein Cite web
last =Trevor
first =Greg
title =Rutgers Focus - Rutgers and the avante-garde
url =
accessdate =2008-05-05
] . This is when he started his "Happenings".

The Happenings

The "Happenings" first started as tightly scripted events, in which the audience and performers followed queues to experience the art . One such work, titled "Eighteen Happenings in Six Parts", involved an audience moving together to experience elements such as a band playing toy instruments, a woman squeezing an orange, and painters painting . His work evolved, and became less scripted and incorporated more everyday activities.Kaprow's most famous happenings began around 1961 to 1962, when he would take students or friends out to a specific site to perform a small action. In his own words, "And the work itself, the action, the kind of participation, was as remote from anything artistic as the site was."cite web |url= |title= Allan Kaprow |accessdate=2008-04-28 |author= |date= |work= |publisher=Journal of Contemporary Art, Inc.] . He rarely recorded his Happenings, and they usually happened once Citation
last =Cotter
first =Holland
publication-date =November 19, 1999
title =ART IN REVIEW; Allan Kaprow and Robert Watts -- 'Experiments in the Everyday'
periodical =The New York Times
url =
accessdate =2008-04-29
] Kaprow's work attempts to integrate art and life. Through Happenings, the separation between life and art, and artist and audience becomes blurred. He has published extensively and was Professor Emeritus in the Visual Arts Department of the University of California, San Diego. Kaprow is also known for the idea of "un-art", found in his essays [] "Art Which Can't Be Art"and "The Education of the Un-Artist."

His influence is also evident at the California Institute of the Arts, where he taught during the early formative years.

For more information on his work while at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ see Fluxus at Rutgers University.


*"The line between art and life should be kept as fluid, and perhaps indistinct, as possible."
*"...the problem with artlike art, or even doses of artlike art that still linger in lifelike art, is that it overemphasizes the discourse within art..."
*"...lifelike art makers' principal dialogue is not with art but everything else, one event suggesting another."

ee also

*Installation art
*Gutai group
*Tenth street galleries


External links

* [ Overflow: A Reinvention of Allan Kaprow's Fluids, May 26-27, 2008]
* [ Allan Kaprow, 18 Happenings in 6 Parts, November 9/10/11 2006]
* [ Allan Kaprow's "Tail Wagging Dog" and other writings first published in The ACT]
* [ Interview with Allan Kaprow]
* [ Allan Kaprow at Hauser & Wirth Zürich London]
* [ Allan Kaprow - Art as Life at the Haus der Kunst in Munich, October 18, 2006 - January 21, 2007]
* [ Allan Kaprow 'Kunst als leven - Art as Life' at the Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven, February 10 - April 22, 2007]
* [ Allan Kaprow Happenings reinacted in Eindhoven]
* [ Kaprow at Van Abbemuseum Art News Nonstarving Artists]

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Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allan Kaprow — (* 23. August 1927 in Atlantic City; † 5. April 2006 in Encinitas bei San Diego) war ein US amerikanischer Künstler und Kunsttheoretiker der Aktionskunst. Auf ihn geht der Begriff des »Happenings« zurück. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allan Kaprow — Allan Kaprow, né en 1927 à Atlantic City dans le New Jersey et mort le 5 avril 2006 est un artiste américain. Biographie Allan Kaprow commence comme peintre lyrique abstrait. Ancien élève de Hans Hofmann, il suit les séminaires de John Cage à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Allan Kaprow — (23 de agosto de 1927 5 de abril de 2006) fue un pintor estadounidense pionero en el establecimiento de los conceptos de arte de performance. Allan Kaprow ayudó a desarrollar las instalaciones artísticas y los happenings a fines de los años… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kaprow — Allan Kaprow (* 23. August 1927 in Atlantic City; † 5. April 2006 in Encinitas bei San Diego) war ein US amerikanischer Künstler und Kunsttheoretiker der Aktionskunst. Auf ihn geht der Begriff des »Happenings« zurück. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaprow — Allan Kaprow Cet article fait partie de la série Art contemporain Artistes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kaprow, Allan — ▪ 2007       American artist (b. Aug. 23, 1927, Atlantic City, N.J. d. April 5, 2006, Encinitas, Calif.), infused the art scene with what he termed “happenings,” artistic events that occurred not only outside galleries and museums but also in… …   Universalium

  • Kaprow —   [ kæprəʊ], Allan, amerikanischer Künstler, * Atlantic City (N. J.) 23. 8. 1927; studierte Architektur, Kunstgeschichte und Malerei, bevor er sich unter dem Einfluss von J. Cage ab 1958 auf Happenings (»Eighteen happenings in six parts«, 1959)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kaprow — /ˈkaproʊ/ (say kahproh) noun Allan, 1927–2006, US artist; creator of the avant garde art form the happening …  

  • HAPPENING — Quels que soient les phénomènes de réaction et de rejet (surréalisme imagier, conflits entre le réalisme et l’expressionnisme ou entre diverses formes d’abstraction, etc.) qui ont pu, à un moment ou l’autre, retarder le surgissement d’un art du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fluxus at Rutgers University — The mid 20th century art movement Fluxus had a strong association with Rutgers University.Allan Kaprow and Robert Watts, both key figures in the movement, originally met while they were students at Columbia University; though only together there… …   Wikipedia

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